As an Indian and the rising cost of fuel, the most or topmost priority of any vehicle buyer be it 2 wheelers or 4 wheelers, milage is one of the top three factors. When we plan for buying a vehicle due to the need of the hour, the first is the money or loan and nowadays, many get vehicle loans from the agencies. The second comes the brand or company along with looks and color, the third comes to the milage which is the main concern in the everyday fuel hike that is happening in our country. Some of the points that one needs to adhere to get maximum mileage for their fuel is:
1. Maintain your vehicle/car - This is applicable to new as well as old vehicles as the more you maintain your vehicle, the better its efficiency. The best to keep the maintenance is to follow the schedule in your owner's manual. As per the schedule, do the servicing and have regular oil changes, air-filter changes, and spark plug replacements if required to improve fuel economy and minimize emissions.
2. Properly inflated tires - Check tire pressure regularly or at least once a month or during servicing or even when you go to the fuel station to fill fuel. These are free of cost and would help to add efficiency or milage. Tires that are properly inflated helps to Prevent Rolling Resistance(LRR) and that improves fuel mileage and even saves fuel by one to two percent for most vehicles.
3. Avoid Speeding and select correct gear - We all know that the best mileage is achieved by driving at the proper and correct speed. Driving at a lower gear or speed than needed puts more work on the engine and adds to wastes fuel. Driving at a constant speed without putting labor or load on the engine helps to provide better mileage by 10 – 15%.
4. Stop-Start your vehicle at the signal - While on the road and you are stuck in the traffic and you know that the timer is more than a minute, i.e. the vehicle idle for more than a minute, always stop the vehicle. The engine burns a little extra fuel during the start-up of the vehicle but keeping the engine idle for more than a minute burns more fuel than turning off the engine and restarting it. In this way, we can cut fuel consumption by around 5 percent and even add milage.
5. Weight in the vehicle - We all know that the vehicle has a standard weight and is designed to carry a certain amount of load but when we add more weight than prescribed, it will add labor to the engine and hamper the fuel efficiency. Every 100 pounds or 45 kg of weight decreases the fuel economy by one to two%.
6. Track of your fuel economy - As we are very alert, try to keep a track of the efficiency of the fuel by noting the odometer reading and the quantity of fuel filled from the fuel station. To get the efficiency of the vehicle, just divide the number of miles traveled with the reading when the fuel was filled. A drop in fuel economy can be a sign of engine trouble or fuel station. Always have a second review before hitting the service center.
7. Use Air Conditioner only when required - It is always better to open the window for fresh air and when driving at low or moderate speed. During humid or hot weather, the fuel efficiency may go down as using the air conditioner can lower fuel efficiency by 10%. When driving at higher speeds, opening windows and sunroof may add wind resistance and thus using the A/C may be more efficient.
8. Parking in shade - Many opt for this due to the vehicle getting hot or heated -up but actually it minimizes fuel evaporation and even keeps the vehicle cooler during hot climate.
“The most important thing in life is to learn how to give out love, and to let it come in." — Morrie Schwartz