A 'Doji candlestick' is one of the most unique formations and technical analysis of financially traded assets. A Doji candlestick has a wick and a body that helps to form a pattern. The vertical line is called the 'wick' and the horizontal line is called the 'body'. The pattern will have a fixed width i.e. the body but the height will vary i.e. the wick or vertical line. The pricing is shown by the wick or the vertical lines and the opening and closing price of a share is understood by the body or the horizontal line.
According to the pattern formed by the Doji candlestick, there are 4 types of Doji candlestick.
i) Common: The shape of this pattern is like a plus or cross (+). This pattern shows the common pattern where buying and selling are neutral.
ii) Long-legged: The pattern will show a long vertical line and the same width horizontal line like a dagger (+). It will indicate the demand and supply fluctuations on its vertical line.
iii) Gravestone: It is in the shape of an inverted 'T'. It indicated the lowest price or the fall.
iv) Dragonfly: It is in the shape of an inverted 'T'. It indicated the highest price or the rise.
In the 'Doji candlestick,' we have two traders which help to form the pattern i.e. the bulls and the bears. When the market opens for trading, the bullish traders try to push prices up whereas the bearish traders try to push prices as low as possible and after a certain period, it 'rests' in an equilibrium direction. The pattern formed by the up and down movements between open and close of the stock market form the wick and the pattern formed at the opening and closing of the stock market forms the body, thus forming the 'Doji candlestick' pattern.
The 'Doji candlestick' pattern helps the trader to understand the trend of the market and that buyers or sellers are not gaining which means the shares are neutral. As it does not provide as much information that is needed, a trader needs to consider other patterns and indicators like momentum indicators, the stochastic oscillator and derivatives such as CFDs or spread bets before making a decision.
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