In India, we know that there are many religions and castes. Every religion and caste have a reservation depending upon various aspects. Other Backward Class or "OBC" is a collective term used by the government to categories the caste that is backward socially and educationally. Other Backward Class is again parted into two categories OBC creamy layer (OBC-CL) and OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL). It is also to be noted that the Scheduled Classes (SC) or Scheduled Tribes (ST) are not the same as Other Backward Class (OBC) and are different.
Q. What is the meaning of the Creamy Layer and Non-Creamy Layer?
Ans: The layers that we are about to talk is based on the total income of the family or parents added together excluding any income from farming or agriculture. It is also to note that "Income" means the income of the parents and not of the applicant.
i) OBC creamy layer (OBC-CL): When the income(from other sources) of the family when added together is above Rs. 8 Lakhs per annum, excluding Income from salary and agriculture, they fall in the "Creamy Layer" category. This can be treated as equivalent to the general category. Normally, very few or no benefits of the government scheme, seat quota and examination are received under this category.
ii) OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL): When the total household income(from other sources) is below Rs. 8 Lakhs per annum, excluding Income from salary and agriculture, they fall in the "Non-Creamy Layer" category. Every benefit of the government schemes, seats and competitive examination can be availed by the OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL) holder.
Q. When is the non-creamy layer certification required?
Ans: There are many schemes and programs along with additional quotas that are provided by both the government (Central Government and State Governments) to uplift Other Backward Classes (OBC) and to avail their benefits, the non-creamy layer certification required. Some of the benefits are:
- There is upper age limit relaxation for the various exams which includes Civil Services Exam(UPSC), entrance exams, etc.
- There are some attempts of relaxation for various examinations.
- There is cut-off marks relaxation in many exams, colleges, institutes and even competitive exams.
- There are 27% seat quotas in Government Jobs and institutes like IAS, IPS, IIT, etc.
Q. Who has the authority to issue the OBC Non-Creamy Layer Certificate?
Ans: The procedures and authority may differ from state to state but usually, the Tahsildar of the concerned State has the authority to issue the OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL) Certificate. The eligible person which is determined by the Income/Wealth Test criteria can apply for the OBC certificate either in online or offline mode and may take nearly 30 to 35 days for the caste certificate to be issued.
Q. What is the validity of an OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL) Certificate?
Ans: The OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL) Certificate is based on the income earned covering 3 preceding financial years and its validity is usually treated like 1 year. Thus it is always good to get a new OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL) Certificate before applying for schemes, exams or government jobs and either keep a translated copy of the certificate in either English or Hindi from a legal translator.
Q. Who all can get OBC Reservation or certificate?
Ans: The Central Government has a list of castes or communities which differ for a state to state and if your caste or community is mentioned there, you can apply under the OBC quota provided you have the certificate and fall under the OBC non-creamy layer (OBC-NCL) category. If your castes or communities are listed in the Central List of OBCs maintained by the Central Government, you can apply either online or by offline mode along with the following documents like Community certificate, School Leaving Certificate, Ration Card and Income Certificate excluding the salary and agriculture income i.e after the the "Income/Wealth Test" procedure.
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