i) The banyan tree (Ficus Benghalensis): Banyan tree is the plant of immortality as it grows for centuries is one of a hundred species of the fig tree. It got its name by the Britishers when they found the Hindu traders or merchants that conducted business under the shade of the species. It is adopted as the national tree of India in 1950 and called vat-vriksha (In Sanskrit) and bargad( in Hindi) which is one from the 750 species of fig trees. The tree is associated with the god of death, Yama and as its association, it does not support rebirth i.e. it does not allow any other plant to grow to circle it.
- In 1989, the Guinness Book of World Records reported "Thimmamma's Banyan Tree" in Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh to be more than 550 years old and that single tree covering 4.721 acres.
- The Banyan Tree of Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanical Garden in Kolkatta is more than 250 years old and covering nearly 14,500 square feet (1,347 square meters) area and height of 80 feet (24 meters). These details were noted by Erin Alvarez and Bart Schutzman, both lecturers in the environmental horticulture department at the University of Florida.
- The average lifespan of the banyan tree is around 200 - 300 years as new branches cover the trunk making it difficult to find out its actual age through traditional method or calculation.
ii) Lime Tree (Rutaceae): Lime is a small tree that belongs to the citrus family with irregular branches and fragrant star-shaped, white or yellow flowers and star-shaped, white or yellow flowers. The tree normally has a height of 16 feet and produces fruit all year round but the majority is between May and September. India is the top producer of lime in the world as the tree can easily be grown through seed, it's cuttings or root sprouts. The average lifespan of a growing lime tree is 50 years and produces fruit between the age of 2 and 5 years and the most tree produces throughout their entire life.
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