A strange question in case of talking about financial rights in the family as a wife as we know when a couple gets married, they take an oath in front of God and people that they both will stand for each other in sickness and in health, in sorrow and in joy, in poverty and in wealth, till death do us apart which means that through marriage, when two-body and soul becomes one, so also their financial, legal as well as all the duties of a family is abided on them as they would now become a separate family. If the husband is the only earning member or both are working, the money is termed as ours or for the family. Both(Husband and wife) share the same portion and maybe, one may act as the head and allocated or distribute the fund accordingly. The wife has the full right on her husband, his property, salary and saving as they are now one family. The rights may vary from state to state but some of the basic ones are:
i) One can have joint bank accounts, Joint property, etc.
ii) One can have her name in the ration card, and other documents.
iii) Has equal rights on husband's property, accounts, wealth at present an upon his death.
iv) Has the right to receive the husband's Social Security, pension, compensation, or disability benefits of her husband.
v) Take every action for her husband's monetary loss, death, property, will, etc.
In the case of divorce: The divorce as we know is a painful fate that takes place between the couple as they feel, they cannot live together any longer and they would like to part away either mutually or through a contest. Before filing for divorce, there are certain things that both of them know i.e about property, wealth, will, etc and thus both can apply in their defense or agree accordingly. In a divorce, maintenance or alimony is the common term used for monetary compensation granted to a spouse who is unable to support himself or herself. According to the Special Marriage Act 1954 and 125 CrPc Common Social Welfare Law, there are two types of alimony and maintenance.
i) Interim alimony - It is the maintenance amount given during the time of court proceedings.
ii) Permanent alimony and maintenance - t is the maintenance amount given after the legal separation. In this type, the alimony amount is fixed by the court and is required to be paid in a fixed period or as a lump sum amount and is effective upon the dissolution of the marriage or judicial separation. Generally, it can be 1/3rd to 1/5th gross earnings and when it's a lump sum not more than 25% of husband's salary.
Some more key rights of the women are:
a) Right to a committed relationship - If a husband is charged with adultery, the wife can file for divorce on the grounds of his extra-marital relationship.
b) Right to maintenance by husband - As given above, a wife is entitled to claim decent living standards & basic comforts of life as per the husband's living standards.
c) Right to Streedhan (Dowery) - The wife can claim all the gifts and money given to her before and after marriage such as jewelry, property, almara or cupboard, gifts, appliances, gadgets, money if any, etc. This includes items given from family, relatives, friends, husband, in-laws, and acquaintances as well as savings and investments made from her earnings.
d) Right to child maintenance - The parents i.e. both husband and wife are in charge of the child and thus he /she has every right on ancestral property and even claim maintenance for a good bringing-up of the child. In the case of a male child, it is upto the age of 18 but for the girl child, it is upto her marriage.
e) Right to residence - The wife has the right to reside in the matrimonial household whether it is an ancestral house, a joint family house, a self-acquired house or a rented house but it is not as easy as it seems and it can have many legal complications thus it is always better to stay away for peaceful living.
f) The girl child or even the married girl child has equal rights in the property of the parents and thus can ask for it from her parents or can even stay with her parents in the worst situation after her divorce.
“The most important thing in life is to learn how to give out love, and to let it come in." — Morrie Schwartz