COVID-19 is an illness caused by a coronavirus or SARS-CoV-2 and WHO has given the named it "Corona" which means crown or ring of light as per the shape of the virus under a microscope and 19 referring to the year the virus was first detected thus calling it by the acronym "COVID-19." The coronavirus is not a single virus but a large family of viruses which includes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS), common cold to other minor to major respiratory illness that can be spread between animals and Humans.
Q: How to identify the Corona related fever since its symptoms similar to normal flu or fever?
Symptoms of novel coronavirus (COVID-19): As everyone's body reacts differently and covid is caused in the immune system, the symptom can vary or will have slightly different symptoms for the same virus. Some may show normal change while some symptoms will be worse. As COVID-19 is a respiratory illness, it will affect the victim's nose, throat and lungs i.e. the body parts one uses to breathe. If a person has been infected by a novel coronavirus (COVID-19), the victim may show symptoms like Fever, shortness of breath, cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose, body pain or diarrhea, and fatigue. It may take up to 1-14 days, most commonly around five days which is called the "incubation period."
Q: How is novel coronavirus (COVID-19) spread?
A: Normally or most commonly novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is spread from an infected person:
i) Through close personal contact with the person and touching or shaking hands with the infected person.
ii) Through cough or sneeze (respiratory droplets)
iii) Touching something with the virus on it like clothes, things, etc and touching your body(eyes, nose or mouth) without washing your hand.
Q: How to prevent it or What are the measures to be taken care of etc.?
A: As many have fear, it is said that the viruses 'novel coronavirus' (COVID-19)does not spread through ventilation systems(Air) or through the water but only by mutual contact and note given above, some of the measures to be taken care to prevent it are:
a) Stay away from people who are sick as you never know who all are infected.
b) If you find people coughing or sneezing, try to be at least 1 meter (3 feet) away from them as a precautionary measure.
c) When you feel like coughing or sneezing, use your handkerchief, tissue or do it into your sleeve and not on your hands.
d) Washing your hands often and properly with soap and water before/after you eat and after you go to the toilet for at least 20 seconds or use alcohol-based hand rub.
e) Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth after touching, coughing or sneezing and especially without washing hands after touching metals or cloths or shaking hands.
f) If you are sick or not well, stay home to avoid spreading illness to others and visit the nearby doctor at the earliest.
g) Stay away from the crowd as there are chances of getting it from an unknown person or source.
Some more precautionary measures that can reduce the risk of developing a more severe infection are:
i) Using Alcohol sterilizer or using hand sanitizer would help to keep away from the virus. One can even make one by mixing an equal amount of aftershave lotion and mineral water if you do not find a hand sanitizer.
ii) Use a cover your nose with a towel or handkerchief instead of medical or Disposable face masks when traveling or in a group. One can easily use their washed(in Dettol or Savlon or antiseptic liquid) handkerchief and after drying you can use it as a face mask or shield.
“The most important thing in life is to learn how to give out love, and to let it come in." — Morrie Schwartz