Some basic details about the terms need to be explained before coming to your question. The terminology under Income Tax Act, 1961 are not to be inferred loosely or else mistakes can creep in your Tax Returns thereby inviting notice from Taxmen. For the same reason professional help is sought for filing tax returns or advising about tax matters and tax calculations.
Now TDS and TCS are different concepts and are not to be replaced with each other when deducting and collecting the same. TDS or tax deducted at source is a tax which is deducted and deposited by person making any taxable payment to any person. Example an employee is paid salary by employer after deduction of tax. The liability to deduct and deposit tax to Government exchequer is of the employer and not the employee. The employee can see the tax deposited against its PAN in Form 26AS and file his/her return accordingly and claim refund if, excess deduction made. TDS is a detailed provision with various provisions and sections & sub sections viz. 192B-Salary, 194C - Contractor, 194I-Rent, 194J-Professional Fee, etc.
TCS or tax collection at source is a totally different concept and introduced with an intent to tap revenue leakage and under reporting of Income by various section of persons. TCS is applicable to specific cases and few of the cases are summarized below:
1. TCS collection in case of sale of Tendu leaves.
2. TCS in case of parking lot contracts.
3. TCS in case of sale of vehicle over Rs. 10 lakhs.
There are few more cases in addition to above but the provision of TCS is limited to these only and none other cases. Herein the tax instead of being deducted from the person is actually collected. Lets give you an example.
You are making payment of Rs. 10,000 to a person and you need to deduct TDS @2% from the same. The final payment after TDS will be Rs. 9,800 (10000 - 200) as tax is deducted.
Now, suppose you are going to purchase a vehicle which cost Rs.12,00,000 and you have to make payment to the dealer. The dealer here will collect not only Rs.12,00,000 but and additional amount @1% of sale value, i.e. Rs. 12,000 as TCS. So, you will have to pay Rs. 12,12,000 to the car dealer and not just Rs. 12,00,000. Here, the tax was collected by the dealer and not deducted.
Now, as you have seen some 1% value of tax in Form 26AS under SFT Transactions (SFT is specified transactions). No this sum is not at all TCS amd you cannot claim the same from the Income TAx department by filing a return and filling the same under TCS column.
The 1% tax on purchase of flat/house valued over Rs. 50 lakhs is actually TDS and not TCS. You have to deduct 1% tax and make reduced payment to the builder and then issue Form 16B to the builder by filing Form 26QB.
The TDS @1% deducted under section 194IA, here is to be claimed by the builder in his return and not by the person who deducted and deposited the same/flat owner.
The provision here is also with an intent to compel the builders to disclose proper income and not under report them. Since TDS is deducted and deposited @1% on his PAN the value comes to the notice of the Tax department and they can easily cross check his tax returns with the TDS deducted and deposited against his PAN.
Avoid claiming the Tax shown in Form 26AS as it for information purpose of your and not for claiming refund.
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