While looking for the markets for textiles, we can see the environmental impact of petroleum based fibres like acrylic, polyester nylon and spandex. It is now the time for the textile industry to look for the sustainable alternatives proving that the production of textile and clothing does not require to pollute the environment. Here are some alternatives which can provide better substitutes in the upcoming times -
1) Hemp Fibre - It can be produced by Hemp which are antibacterial in nature, durable and resilient. Hemp is a fast growing plant consuming very little water and does not require pesticides, synthetic fertiliser or GMO seeds. China at this moment has more than 600 international patents in hemp fibres and textile production. In the upcoming time, this type of variant is supposed to be more popular.
2) Nettle Fibre - Stinging Nettle fibres are versatile, keep the wearer warm in winter and cool in summer. An important charecterstics to this plant is that it can be grown with less water and pesticides as compared to cotton. In relation to its plantation, no restriction is required and hence it has made the plant a viable and legal market fruit.
3) Coffee Ground Fibres - We are in the habit of throwing the Coffee Ground once we make Coffee but the Coffee Ground Powder may be used for the preparation of polymer creating master batches before spinning to yarn. The resulting coffee yarn is multifunctional and can be used in a variety of products from outdoor to sports performance wear to household items used everyday.
4) Pineapple Fabrics Leaves - London based Annanas Anam has developed a natural and non woven textile out of Pineapple Leaves which takes its appearance similar to leather.It is strong in texture, versatile, breathable, soft and flexible material which can further be printed and making it suitable for a number of fashion products.
5) Banana Fibre- It is one of the world's largest fibres made from the stem of banana trees and is incredibly durable and biodegradable. This fibre can be used to make a number of textiles with variable weights and thicknesses. Banana Fibres can be used to make ropes, mats, woven fabrics apart from handmade papers.