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  • Information about Mother goddess in Hinduism Parvati or Gauri or Uma.

    Interested in learning all about Hinduism? Want to know about the Mother goddess Parvati, Gauri or Uma? Find responses from epxerts here and know all about the goddess of beauty, love, marriagem devotion, children, power , fertiility etc.

    Goddess Parvati/ Uma/ Gauri is one of the central deities of the trinity of Hindu goddesses and the kind and provender form of the Supreme Hindu goddess Adi Parashakti. She is the goddess of beauty, love, marriage, devotion, children, power, fertility, divine strength, etc.

    I would like our experts to help me with the following answers:
    i) How many avatars did Goddess Parvati take and why did she take such avatars?
    ii) What was the purpose or story behind each avatar?
    iii) Why did each avatar come into its form and how did it vanish or die?
    iv) Any more information about Goddess Parvati( her birth, parents, siblings, husband, childrens, her weapon, different names that she is known by, her temple location, etc) that add value to this post.

    I have raised questions on different avatars of Hindu Gods and Goddess that are interlinked with this ask expert questions to know or learn more about them. They are Lord Vishnu, Brahma or Prajapati, Lord Shiva or Mahadeva , Hanuman or Bajrangbali, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Their vahana or the deity's mount, etc.
  • Answers

    3 Answers found.
  • Parvathi is the wife of Lord Shiva. She is supposed to be the incarnation of Adi Parashkthi. She is the Goddess of Power. She gives power to all Gods, Devatas, human beings, animals and plants. If her kindness is not there on all of us, we will not have any power. Even the three main Gods, namely Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara are dependent on her for their powers and special qualities.
    Ten avatars of Parvati are very well known. There are many other incarnations but these 10 are discussed in many Hindu epics They are Tara, Sodasi, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhairavi, Chinnamasta, Dhumavati, Bagala, Matangi, Kamalatmika and Kali.
    1. Kali: She is the destroyer of evil forces. It is mentioned in the Puranas she came out of sleeping Vishnu and she made Vishnu fight with two demons called Madhu and Kaitabha. But Vishnu was unable to kill them. Mahakali enchanted them as Maya and then Vishnu killed them.
    2.Tara: Tara is the Goddess from whom this universe evolved. She is the Goddess who offers knowledge. Neela Saraswati is also a name to her.
    3. Tripura Sundari: She is supposed to be most beautiful in all the three worlds. She is also known as Sodasi. Parvati because of her love and desire towards Shiva, incarnated as Lalita Tripura Sundari.
    4. Bhuvaneswari Devi: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are the main three Gods as per Hindu mythology. Shiva is the destroyer, Vishnu is the sustainer and Brahma is the creator. Maa Bhuvaneswari Devi bestowed these powers to these three Gods.
    5. Bhairavi: She controls the universe and the changes in the Universe. She will be taking care of the created universe. She is also called Subhankari. She will be Goddess behind all auspicious happenings in the universe.
    6. Chinnamasta: She is treated like a Goddess for Creation and sustain. She gives spiritual self-realisation to the universe. She is considered as Tantric deity,
    7. Dhumavati: Oneday Parvati was feeling hungry and she asked Shiva to give something to eat. But shiva has not heard that. Then she has shaken her body and the dust has fallen from her body formed a heap and from that, this Goddess incarnated.
    8. Bagala: She is a crane headed Goddess and she represents the Ugly side of the living beings, that are the qualities like jealousy and hatred.
    9. Matangi: She is the representative of pollution. She is associated with forests and tribal people.
    10.Kamala: She is the Goddess of inner and outer prosperity. She is also called Goddess of Lotus.

    always confident

  • Mother Parvati is the incarnation of Shakti and the mother of Lord Kartikeya and Lord Ganesha and the consort of Lord Shiva. she was born in the incarnation of Sati, so that Goddess Parvati could marry Lord Shiva, but Lord Shiva lost his wife Sati as Sati.
    "Parvati" is the daughter of mountains, her father's name was Himwan (lord of the mountains) who was an incarnation of the Himalayas. Her mother's name was Meena and she used to call Parvati Uma. Her dream was to marry Lord Shiva. With the guidance of Narada Muni she agreed to do penance so that she could marry Lord Shiva, she began penance, to please God so that he can fulfill her wish.Lord Shiva is pleased with the devotion of Mother Parvati and accepts her as his life partner. After marriage, Parvati departs to Kailash, which was the home of Lord Shiva.

    These are the forms of Mata Parvati
    1. Shailputri, 2. Brahmacharini, 3. Chandraghanta, 4. Kushmanda, 5. Skandamata, 6. Katyayani, 7. Kalratri, 8. Mahagauri 9. Siddhidatri.

    1. Shailputri: The first goddess Shailputri is called Sati, who was the daughter of King Daksha. Mother Sati had consumed herself by jumping into the fire of yajna. This was the first incarnation of Mother.

    2. Brahmacharini: The second form of mother is Brahmacharini. In this form she had found Lord Shiva by performing hard penance.

    3. Chandraghanta: It is clear from the name of Chandra Ghanta, whose forehead has a lunar shaped tilak, it is Chandraghanta.

    4. Kushmanda: The fourth form of mother is Kushmanda. Kushmand means the power to create the universe. From the abdomen to the eggs, the mother covers the universe within her, which is why she is called Kushmanda.

    5. Skandamata: Mother Parvati is the mother of Karthikeya. Karthikeya's name is also Skanda, hence she is called Skanda's mother i.e. Skandmata.

    6. Katyayini: Maharishi Katyayan, born in Katya gotra, wished a daughter by doing hard penance of Mother Bhagwati. Then the mother herself was born as a daughter in his house. Being the daughter of sage Katyayan, she was called Katyayani.

    7. Kalratri: The seventh form of Mother Bhagwati is called Kalratri. Kaal means crisis, which has the power to end every kind of crisis, it is Mother Kalratri. Worshiping this form of mother destroys the troubles.

    8. Mahagauri: It is said that when the mother had done hard penance to get Lord Shiva, her color turned black. Pleased with austerity, Bholenath washed his body with the holy water of Gangaji. From that time on, her body became extremely radiant - like electric power. Since then, he was named Mahagauri.

    9. Siddhidatri: The ninth form of mother is called Siddhidatri, who is endowed with all kinds of accomplishments.

  • Along with the Gods the Hindu mythology is dotted with the Goddesses also and the most prominent of them are Devi or Durga or Parvati or Laxmi. They all indicate to the same original Goddess power known as Shakti. They have different forms and Avatars. Whenever the demons created havoc and cruelty on Earth these Goddesses came in some form and killed the demons and relieved the people of the tortures done on them. We worship them because of their great protection they provided to their followers and disciples.

    Parvati is the better half of Lord Shiva and is one form of Durga only. Our scriptures and religious books are full of the stories about the marriage of Lord Shiva with Parvati and there it is shown very elegantly how Parvati insisted that the only entity with whom she desired to marry was only Lord Shiva. The story passes through a long time in the past eons and finally she gets married with him. It is also said that Lord Shiva wanted to see the extent of her devotion for him.

    There are many forms and Avatars of Goddess Parvati, but what we generally observe and are also observed during the Navaratri celebrations, it is taken as nine Avatars.

    1. Shailaputri - This is the most worshipped form which means the daughter of Himalayas. It is believed that Parvati was the daughter of Himalayas and these mountains were her abode and incidentally Lord Shiva was also dwelling in the same terrains. Being so near to nature this form is represented by the nature also and those who worship it, are actually bestowing their head to the mother nature.

    2. Sati - In some scriptures it is mentioned that as Sati she was the wife of Lord Shiva but due to some disrespect shown by her father to Lord Shiva, she gave her life in protest and took rebirth as Parvati to again unite with Lord Shiva.

    3. Laxmi - This is another form which is worshipped much by the devotees. We worship her especially in the time of Deepawali festival. She is considered as the Goddess of wealth and prosperity. In some places she is worshipped as 'Shri' also.

    4. Saraswati - This form is more academic in nature and is the source of all education like literature, music, art etc and those who worship are supposed to achieve laurels in the academic or fine arts arena.

    5. Kali - This is the form of brevity and warrior. One who can kill the demons with ease. It is said that during one war when Maa Durga observed that the demons were not coming in control she simply took the form of Kali and ruthlessly killed them all. Kali is the most powerful form in context with destruction of evil from Earth.

    6. Mahagauri - This is the form that was bestowed to her by the pleasing of Lord Shiva and it is said that the holy water of Ganges was instrumental in doing this and this form was evolved.

    7. Brahmacharini - This form is the most revered one as it is said that Parvati observed penance to impress Lord Shiva to take her under his fold.

    8. Bhuvaneswari - This is a unique form in the sense that it is believed that she was the main source of power to enable the three main entities Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva to attain their individual powers to run the universe. She is supposed be the originator of all the energy.

    9. Tripura Sundari - This form is related to the beauty of all the worlds. In our scriptures the Goddesses are described to be beautiful and having a power emanating from their faces, a divine glow. Tripura Sundari is the manifestation of this beauty and charm.

    Knowledge is power.

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