Nowadays, dental braces are very common. They are use to align or straighten the teeth.
Let's take the queries one by one.
1. There are mainly five types of braces and all these braces are used to align the crooked and misaligned teeth.
a) Traditional Metal Braces: These are the most commonly used and the most effective braces for various dental problems. They are the least expensive. These braces are made metal wire and brackets. But the main disadvantage is that they are most visible. And easily noticed by anyone. Nowadays, coloured bands are being used which makes them more attractive.
b) Ceramic Braces: They are like traditional metal braces. The difference is that the brackets are made of ceramic material. Hence they are less noticeable. But They are more expensive than traditional metal braces.
c) Lingual Braces: These braces are similar to traditional metal braces. And the main difference is that they are not easily visible because they are attached to the inner side of the teeth. They are having the advantage of being invisible but they are less effective as they are attached to teeth on the inner side. They are difficult to clean. They also feel uncomfortable because they remain in direct contact of the tongue.
d) Self-ligating braces: They are also similar to traditional metal braces. But the main difference is that in self-ligating braces clips are used instead of elastic bands to hold the wire. Thus they are easy to remove and clean the teeth. They are visible and more expensive than traditional metal braces.
e) Invisalign: These braces are the most recent advancement. They are very popular because these braces do not look like braces. These braces are transparent and do not have wires, bands, or brackets. They consist of clear plastic material aligner which makes a transparent layer over teeth. These aligners are to be changed and replaced with a new aligner every two weeks. They are easy to remove. They are most preferred braces as they are invisible and can be worn by anyone including teenagers and adults and do not interfere in between eating and drinking. But the main drawback is that they are the most expensive.
2. When anyone wears braces on teeth, wire in the braces create constant pressure on the teeth and align the teeth in the correct place. Brackets in the braces help to hold the wire in place. Besides, these braces also put pressure on the gums membrane. So, that the teeth move inwards at the correct position. The whole treatment requires multiple sittings.
Time-period required for the treatment is minimum one year but mostly it takes up to 2 years in the whole process.
3. As I already told in my reply to query no. 1, prices of different braces are different:
Traditional metal braces cost is around Rs.20,000 to Rs.30,000.
Cost of Ceramic braces is around Rs.30,000-Rs.60,000.
Lingual Braces are costs approximately Rs.70,000 to Rs.2,00,000
Invisalign price starts from around Rs.2,00,000.
Self-ligating braces cost approximately Rs. 55,000 to Rs.80,000.
After putting braces, the following precautions must be taken:
i) Brush your teeth regularly after every meal.
ii) Floss must be done regularly.
iii) Food that can harm braces should not be consumed.
iv) Do not harm your teeth by any sharp object.
v) A regular appointment with the dentist.
4. There is no age limit for putting dental braces. Nowadays anyone at any age can take dental alignment treatment. The main requirement is that he/she must have permanent teeth and healthy jaw bone.
5. For putting braces, it is necessary you must have healthy jaw bone and permanent teeth and if your jawbones are you get braces even after a root canal treatment. Even you can also get a root canal treatment while under braces treatment if required.
6. If you do not want to put braces, you can go for Invisalign. It is invisible and not like braces.
7. Dental braces treatment success rate varies from person to person. There may be certain disadvantages of wearing braces like tooth decay, difficulty in cleaning, cavities, tissue injury etc.