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  • Category: Health

    What are some of the medical tests that 30+people or older should go through for a healthy life?


    Want to know thre basic tests one should go through above 30 years of age? Are there any tests specific for genders? Find advice from our ISC experts here and get to know the list of such medical tests.

    We all know that as we grow older, our body goes through many hormone changes and gets infected with minor ailments like cold, cough, fever, stomach ache, headache, joint or muscle pain. Many practitioners do advise to undergo a full-body check-up at least once a year. Many of us do not keep heed it but there are some medical tests that one needs to do for overall health.

    1. Can our medical experts list down some tests that one should go through at least once a year?
    2. Why should one go for that tests, what it indicates, and the low, normal, and high range for each test?
    3. Is there some special test for men or ladies that one should go through?

    {Some of the tests that normally spoken about are: Whole blood count, Blood sugar test, Lipid profile, PAP smear test, ECG test, Liver function test, Thyroid function test, Vitamin D test, STD test}
  • Answers

    6 Answers found.
  • It is a wise decision when people are more and more aware of their health, especially after age, we need to be aware of the hormonal activities in our body and the functioning of other organs. For this, it is necessary to consult a good doctor from time to time and get them checked and treated according to their consultation.

    Such tests which should be done at least once in a year -

    Vitamin D
    Today, we spend less time in nature and more time in AC. In such a situation, there is a deficiency of vitamin-D in our body. Therefore, it is very important to get vitamin D tests done. Vitamin-D absorbs calcium from the intestines and transmits it to the bones; Vitamin D-3 deficiency in the body may be responsible for weak bones.

    Thyroid test
    Nowadays people are getting more hormonal-related problems due to Khanpan and way of lifestyle, hence the most common problem due to hormonal dysbalance is that of the thyroid. Its test should be done from time to time, and it should also be treated with complete rules.

    Blood pressure test
    BP becomes a problem after the age of a certain age, so get BP checked once a month. Due to high blood pressure, there may be a risk of other problems such as kidney, heart, and brain stroke, so do not be negligent in this test.

    Bone density test
    After a certain age, people are facing many problems related to bones nowadays, in which backache, heel pain, joint pain, etc. are very common, so this test is also necessary. On the weakening of bones, there is an increased chance of breaking them due to minor setbacks or injuries, due to which there is a risk of many diseases.

    Cholesterol test
    It is also an essential test, cholesterol is an essential component to balance the body's metabolic activity, but it has to be balanced. Excess of cholesterol also causes heart problems, due to which other organs are also damaged. This test is mandatory for those whose weight is more than normal.

    There is some special test for men or women that one should have-

    Pap smear test for women
    Nowadays, the risk of Uterus cancer and cervical cancer has increased significantly for women. Because of this, every woman of old age must have a Pap smear test, because, with the help of the test, timely detection of such cancers is beneficial.

    Men must have MRI and CT-scan once a year -
    In today's run-of-the-mill life, stress remains a major problem and when stress increases more, it has a direct effect on the nerves of the body. The nerves of the brain are very delicate which rupture due to high stress or blood pressure which can lead to major problems such as paralysis, coma, etc., so MRI and CT-scan are necessary.

  • In addition to the tests mentioned above, I want to suggest some more tests especially when anyone is feeling tiredness, joint pain and backache etc. These are:

    1. Vitamin B test: The test usually conducted either on blood or urine sample. Vitamin B is a complex vitamin and include several vitamins i.e. Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B2, (riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (niacin), Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 ( pyridoxal phosphate), Vitamin B7(biotin), Vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate) and Vitamin B12 (cobalamin).
    This vitamin helps to protect us from risk of heart diseases, protect nervous system, lowers bad cholesterol and increases level of good cholesterol. It is used to test anemia. Further, Vitamin B deficiency main cause, weakness, tiredness, joint pain, hair fall, tingling sensation in fingers, heart palpitation, poor digestion and head ache etc.

    2. Calcium Blood Test: The test is used to measure the level of calcium in blood. It include total calcium and ionized calcium test. Low calcium level in body usually affect bones and teeth but it also affect muscles, heart, nerves, etc. Calcium low level may cause weak bones, muscles cramps, tingling sensation in hand, feet and lips etc. It may also increase the heart beat. On the other hand, high calcium level is also harmful for body as it may cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, decreased appetite, constipation and increased urination etc.

    3. Uric acid test: It is a very important test and helpful to check if any one is suffering from arthritis (Gout) and kidney stone. If the uric acid crystals increases in the blood then it may cause several problems like upset stomach, increased urination, joint pain etc. This test is done in the blood sample.

    4. Blood Sugar Test: It is one of the most important and common test. The test is required not only for diabetic patients but for normal people also because it is necessary to manage the blood sugar level to avoid complications. If anyone is having blood sugar level slightly higher than the normal people it may be a pre-diabetic condition. Very low sugar (hypoglycemia) or very high sugar (hyperglycemia) both are very harmful conditions and may create a danger to life it left untreated.

    5. Complete Blood Count or CBC: Most common blood test. it is used to measure the blood cells namely red and white blood cells and platelets. It is used to check status of health condition like infection, anemia etc.

    Besides, there are several common tests like Lipid profile test, Kidney profile test, Liver profile test, Metabolic tests, HbA1C etc. But these tests are done on the recommendation of health care specialist/physician.

    Nowadays several laboratories offering a complete health test package and full body checkup at very reasonable price. These package includes almost all basic tests which are required to asses the general health condition. People must go for a health checkup annually to avoid any major health risk as these tests help to determine any health condition at an early stage.

    Range for Tests:( Normal Range)
    RBC Count: 4.32–5.72 million cells/mcL (Men); 3.90–5.03 million cells/mcL (Women)
    WBC Count: 3,500 to 10,500 cells/mcL
    Hemoglobin: 13.5–17.5 Gram/decilitre (Men), 12.0 - 16.0 g/dl(Women)
    Platelets count: 150000 - 400000 cell/cumm
    Blood Sugar (Fasting): less than 100 (Healthy Adult or children), 100 – 125 (Pre diabetic), 126 or above (Diabetic)
    HbA1C: Adult Normal : < 5.7%, Prediabetic : 5.7-6.4%, Diabetic : >= 6.5%
    Uric Acid: 2.60 - 6.00 mg/dl
    Total Cholesterol: Desirable : <200 mg/dl (Desirable), 200 - 239 mg/dl (Borderline high), >239 mg/dl (High)
    Calcium : 8.6 - 10.2 mg/dl
    Triiodothyronin (T3) : 0.80 - 2.00 ng/ml
    Thyroxin (T4): 5.10 - 14.10 microg/dl
    Thyroid Stimulating Hormones (TSH):0.4–4.0 milli-international units per liter of blood (mIU/L)
    Vitamin B12: below 150 pg/mL (Low), 200 to 600 pg/mL (Normal), above 800 pg/mL (High)
    Vitamin D: below 12 ng/ml (Low), 20-49 ng/ml or above (Normal), 50 ng/ml or above (High)

    Apart from the tests mentioned above, some of the tests are also necessary for Men and Women:

    For Women:
    Mammography test: This test is to measure the early signs of breast cancer or the stages. Regular mammograms are very helpful to check the breast cancer at an early stage.

    Cervical cancer screening: The test is also recommended for women to check the cervix cancer.

    For Men:
    Regular Blood Pressure Checkup
    Regular blood sugar checkup
    Coloractal cancer screening
    Cholesterol screening

  • It is true that as we grow old so many hormonal changes occurs in our body. So, our body requires proper care for staying healthy and fit. For maintaining health, people should get medically tested their body time to time so that physical problem may not happen. Here are some necessary test which people should get tested after 30 plus are as follows:-
    1. Blood Pressure Test: It is one of the important test with growing age. Blood pressure is considered ideal if the reading is below 120/80. If the reading is 120/80 then get tested. Due to high or low blood pressure, people may suffer different disease such as heart problem, kidney problem, headache etc.
    2.Blood Sugar Test - It is a very common test. This test measures the amount of sugar, or glucose, in your blood. If reading indicates more than 110 then the people are said to be diabetic. The normal reading is below 99. One additional test, HbA1C, indicates the average blood sugar levels for the last 90 days. If you are diabetic then an ideal HbA1c level is 48mmol/mol (6.5%) or below.
    3. Function Tests- These blood tests are important in detecting underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). This test is recommended yearly once.
    4. Vitamin D Deficiency Test - with growing age Vitamin D deficiency increases in our body. So, the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis in later years becomes more. A reading <30 in the blood test indicates deficiency. This test is recommended once on a year.
    5. Pap Smear Test (For Women)- It detects pre-cancerous changes in the cervix. It is recommended for every sexually-active woman after age 21.
    6. Screening For STIs-This test is preferred for those who have multiple sexual partners or are planning to conceive. It is vital to check for sexually transmitted infections, like syphilis, gonorrhoea, HIV, Hepatitis B and C so that infection should not spread.
    7. Complete Blood Count (CBC) - It is also one of the important tests for 30 + women. It is tested to diagnose anaemia, infections, certain types of cancer etc. It's especially important for Indian women as mostly they suffer from iron deficiency anaemia after a certain age and they may require supplementation. So, CBC can be checked through this test. It should be get checked once a year.
    8. ECG Test - It is done for checking the risk of heart disease. It is recommended after 35 years.
    9. Liver Function Test: This is done to check liver conditions of the body such as alcohol-induced liver damage, fatty liver, Hepatitis C and B.
    10.Urine Analysis - This is done for detecting the presence of proteins, sugar and blood in the urine sample, which could indicate kidney disease, among other conditions.
    11. Uric Acid Test - It's a blood test to detect gout (painful swelling of toes and ankles). High levels of uric acid in the blood indicate gout.
    12. Eye test - This test is recommended for 30+ people. As our eyes become weak with age. Ageing people have more chances of having eye diseases like glaucoma or cataracts and new or worsening vision problems.
    Apart from these, there are several tests such as kidney function test, Mammogram ( for women), prostate cancer test, stool occult test etc which can be done for staying fit and healthy.

  • Nowadays for the young and ageing people doctors recommend a comprehensive annual health check up and many hospitals and clinics offer that. This type of check up consists of many tests out of the so many as mentioned by other members as above but the advantage is that after going through the annual tests, when the doctor goes through the reports then he may be either satisfied with those reports or may find something not normal and suggest for some more test to pinpoint the ailment which he might be doubting after seeing the comprehensive tests. So it would be a better approach to mitigate the health problems anticipated when a person turns 30+ and by doing it every year and a record of the main results will be there to see if any departure from the normal body functionalities is there.

    Thoughts exchanged is knowledge gained.

  • If a doctor is good enough to diagnose the alignment and treat, there is no need for any such tests. My grandfather lived for 85 years and he never underwent any kind of diagnostic tests. But the concept of testing at regular intervals is picking up. If there is any problem in the body, it will give some indication to you. That is why I feel there is no necessity for testing. I have no habit of going for any such tests without any necessity. Many doctors say the following are the tests necessary for a 30 + person.
    1. Complete Blood Count (CBC): Many doctors recommend this. Mainly useful to diagnose anaemia, infections, certain types of cancer and so on.
    2. Blood Pressure Test: You can get it done anywhere and the normal reading is 120/80. A little variation is also allowed based on age. Even 130/90 is also treated as normal.
    3. Blood Sugar Test: This test is useful to detect diabetes. A reading of < 99 is normal; between 100 and 110 indicates pre-diabetes and higher than 110 indicates diabetes.
    4. Lipid Profile: This will indicate your heart health. This test measures the total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL levels.
    5. ECG Test: An electrocardiogram (ECG) test is]for checking the risk of heart disease.
    6. Liver Function Test: This test is to screen liver condition. Alcohol-induced liver damage, fatty liver, Hepatitis C and B can be detected in this test.
    7. Urine Analysis: The presence of proteins, sugar and blood in the urine sample will be known by this test.
    8. Kidney Function Test: serum creatinine will be analysed in this test to see the kidney condition.into account.
    9. Thyroid Function Tests: These blood tests are important to know the underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
    10, Test For Vitamin D Deficiency: Vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis in later years. This test is important once you are above 35.
    11. Pap Smear Test (For Women): It can identify pre-cancerous changes in the cervix.
    12, Screening For STIs: This test will be useful for checking sexually transmitted infections, like syphilis, gonorrhoea, HIV, Hepatitis B and C.
    13. Test For Calcium: This blood test measures bone metabolism.
    14. Uric Acid Test: It's a blood test to detect High levels of uric acid in the blood.
    15, Stool Occult Test: This test will inform you about bleeding in the abdomen, gut or rectum.

    drrao
    always confident

  • Due to our faulty style of living when we cannot maintain our regular food pattern and even such foods lack essential nutrients and vitamins, lack of adequate sleep, having excess strain while remaining in the duty or otherwise, we should check how far the essential parameters in terms of our health are within the normal limits.
    Getting the same tested twice a year would reveal how far we are fit bodily. The following are some of the important tests which could signify our health conditions. Any value lower or higher than the accepted normal value requires immediate consultantation of the specialist so that corrective step could be taken up with certain medications.
    The following are some of the important tests -
    1) Complete Blood Count - This test would indicate the presence of RBC, WBC, Platelet Counts and host of parameters signifying any infection of the body, presence of cancerous cells etc. The presence of homoglonobile and status of white body cells are important to know the body defence mechanism.
    2) Kidney Function Test - This test would reveal how far our kidney is functioning properly. Some of the tests indicating proper functioning of kidney can be known through creatinine test, urea test, presence of zero albumin in the urine and the ratio of creatinine to albumin remaining within the normal should be desirable. Glomerular Filtration rate should remain within the normal range and the same can be detected through the test. The rate of such filtration should be beyond 90 indicating the healthy function of the kidney.
    3) Liver Function Test - This test is very important especially when we are indulged in the fast food or taking spicy food and wine causing stress on the liver and undergoing for this will detect the functioning of ALT, SGOT and healthy flushing out of Bilrubin. Retention of Albumin within the healthy range Is essential to feel energetic.
    4) Monitoring of Blood Pressure- Though it is a simple test and can be checked in the doctor's chamber at any time but the best timing for it is the morning. The healthy blood pressure range is 120/80 mm of mercury. Any deviation of +or - ( up to ten) is acceptable. In case the same is not within the healthy range, salt restriction would be required apart from resorting to healthy life style. If not controlled even doing so, medication would be required to control the same with the consultation of a physician.
    5) ECG - This is the electro cardio gram test indicating the functioning of heart. In case of blocking of the heart, this could be revealed and a doctor can reveal the extent of damage after examining ECG plate. Since heart is our vital organ, we should take its utmost care with its regular examination at least a year to ascertain how best it is functioning.
    6) Monitoring of Blood Sugar - This is a vital test and it should be carried out at least a year for non diabetic and for those suffering from diabetes, it should be checked up regularly by means of glucometer. The healthy range for fasting blood sugar is 70- 90 mg/ decilitre and after meal it should not exceed 140 mg/decilitre. Hb1 AC test if done witbin three month is the best way to monitor sugar level in the blood. In no case, it should exceed more than 5.4 percent for a healthy person and for the diabetic, 6.4 percent or lesser would be preferred.
    7) Lipid Profile Test - This test carries importance since high cholesterol ( except the HDL being treated as the benificial component) produced by the liver can be injurious to our heart health and so this requires to be tested along with other test - parameters. Similarly we should keep our eyes on LDL and lesser it is, the better. It would be better to keep the cholesterol level below 200 mg/dl. In respect of HDL the healthy range is beyond 60 mg/dl.
    8) Thyroid Test - Thyroid Test is essential to know how the body is producing Thyroxine T3 and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone. This gland is situated in our neck helping to regulate our body functions such as our moods, energy level and the rate of our metabolism. Normal range for TSH is 0.4 to 4.0 mills International Unit and in case of T4 the normal range is 5.0 - 12.0 micrograms per decilitre.
    9) Stool Test - We may observe some blood spot or any whitish discharge along with the the stool and its test would indicate the abnormality if any. Blood may be due to haemorrhage or might be the symptoms of cancer.
    10) Urine Test - It should be included along with other tests so that we would know the status of sugar and protien leakage due to faulty system of the body. In no case, there should be leakage of both albumin and sugar.
    11) Uric Acid Test - This test would indicate the level of Uric Acid in our system and it should remain below 6 so that we should be affected with arthritis. High Uric Acid may cause swelling in the body.
    12) Vitamin D test - This vitamin is essential to keep our body fit against the infection and this vitamin can be improved with the exposure of Sun - Ray's. Normally we Indian are suffering from the deficiency of this vitamin having as low as 10 ng /ml where as the normal being 25ng/ml.In case it is exceeding 50ng/ml, it is a healthy range.


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