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  • Want to know about the election nomination process

    Have doubts regarding the election terminologies and regulations? Searching for details for the above points? Clarify your doubts by scrolling through this Ask Expert page.

    When we talk about elections, we know that there are different parties and there are even individual candidates that stand or fight elections. The candidate may be for panchayat, municipality, state, or center but it is important to file a nomination to stand for any election. I would like our learned member to provide your best answer on clarifying the below points:
    a)What is a Nomination?
    b)What are the Nomination procedures for a candidate or a party?
    c)On what ground is the nomination accepted or rejected?
    d)What are the documents needed while filing a nomination for election?
    e)When should a candidate or a party file his/her nomination paper?
    f)Is there any qualification, age criteria, financial status, etc. needed while filing or standing as a candidate?
    g)Who allots the name or symbol to the candidate or party?
    h)Any other details for people who would like to stand for an election as an individual candidate?
  • Answers

    5 Answers found.
  • Nomination is the process in which a person who wants to contest in the election declares to the election commission that he is contesting the elections. There will be a nomination form which is to be filled and submitted. The following are the documents to be submitted
    1, Nomination form related to the election (Form 2A for the Lok Sabha election and Form 2B for the Assembly election ) is to be filled and submitted.
    2.Affidavit in Form 26 to be filled and notary signed is to be attached. This form will include details of pending criminal cases, assets including foreign assets, liabilities, sources of income, educational qualification etc.
    3. If the candidate is contesting from a different place from where his name is included in the voter's list. he has to submit certified extract of the electoral roll.
    4. Form A and Form B is to be submitted if the candidate is contesting on any recognised party's symbol. An independent candidate need not submit this.
    5. A candidate belonging to SC/ST, should submit a copy of Caste certificates
    6. Security deposit
    7. Oath and affirmation
    These nomination papers will be checked by the election commission and if any discrepancy is there his application will be rejected. That is why some people submit two sets of papers.

    the election commission of India will sort out the election programme and the last date for filing a nomination form and similarly last for withdrawing the nomination form will also be declared. Then the candidates have to submit their nomination after the announcement within that date.

    Eligibility: The individual who wanted to contest must be a citizen of India. There is an age prescribed for every post. 25 years is the minimum age for MP/MLA position. No upper age limit. A candidate should be a voter and his name should be enlisted in the current electoral roll of any Parliamentary constituencies or state legislature, assembly constituencies.

    The officer concerned in the election commission will go through the papers and if any deviation in filling or any improper information or the candidate is not fulfilling the criteria, then he will reject his nomination papers. If everything is ok the nomination will be accepted.

    Every party will be given a symbol. A candidate contesting as a candidate of a particular party will get the symbol of that party. An independent candidate will be allotted a symbol by the election commission.

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  • Those who want to contest elections will have to fulfil certain criteria and also they will have to submit some detailed information with relevant documents.

    Eligibility Criteria:
    - The candidate has to be a citizen of India
    - He should have a sound mind
    - He should not be bankrupt
    - Minimum age- Lok Sabha – 25 years
    Vidhan Sabha– 25 years
    Rajya Sabha – 30 years
    Vidhan Parishad - 30 years
    - If he is contesting elections for MP then his name should be enrolled in the current electoral roll of any of the Parliamentary Constituencies.
    - If he is contesting elections to State Legislature, his name should be enrolled in the current electoral roll of any of the assembly constituencies within the State.

    Important points:
    - Form 2A is for the Lok Sabha election
    - Form 2B is for the Assembly election.
    - Affidavit in Form 26 with all the columns filled up and signed by himself as well as by notary/magistrate is to be submitted.
    - Form A and Form B (for a candidate contesting on any political party ticket.)
    - Copy of Caste certificates (if a candidate belongs to SC/ST)
    - Security deposit Oath and affirmation.

    And all necessary information is to be provided by the candidate like:
    - Basic details about candidate like name, qualifications, age, photograph, name in the electoral roll etc. besides it all necessary information about pending criminal cases, movable and immovable assets including foreign assets, liabilities, details of PAN and status of filing of the Income tax return as well as sources of income of self, spouse and dependents.

  • Persons who are desirous of fighting elections for the position of members in Lagislative Assembly or Lok Sabha have to file their nomination to the election commission through the returning officer. So, nomination is nothing but a detailed application for proclaiming oneself a candidate in the forthcoming election from a particular constituency.

    The nomination procedure consists of eligibility criterion of the candidate and filing of nomination in the prescribed performs. If the candidate is not eligible or has not filled the requisite performs completely and clearly then his or her candidature might be cancelled by the election commission.

    For being eligible to fight in election the candidate should be a citizen of India and should have an age of at least 25 years for Lok Sabha (House of the People) or Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) elections. Their names should also reflect in the electoral roll of the constituency from where they are contesting the election. For nominating the persons for Rajya Sabha (Council of States) or Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) the required age is at least 30 years.

    The candidate who want to contest for election have to enter and submit their details in certain formats to the election commission. He has to file his nomination for Lok Sabha in form 2A while for Vidhan Sabha he has to use form 2B. The candidate has also to give an affidavit duly sworn before the Notary Public or First class Magistrate. This affidavit has to be filed in form 26 and in this affidavit he has to give the details of pending criminal cases against him, movable & immovable assets including foreign assets, liabilities, sources of income, profession of the self and seasonings of family members, educational qualification etc. The candidate has to attach the copy of certified electoral roll where his name is figuring. He has to give the caste certificate also wherever it is applicable. Candidate has to attach his photograph also in the application form. In addition to above the candidate has to give the details like telephone number, e-mail ID, social media accounts etc.

    Knowledge is power.

  • Election or what is also known as the election process is an important part of democracy and without it, it is difficult to envisage democracy because this special right of election gives power to the person of any democratic country. Choose their leader.

    Various types of changes are being made in the electoral processes so that more and more honest and clean image people can get a chance to enter politics. Similarly, the Supreme Court has made it mandatory for all the candidates to fill the declaration form while giving the order. In which candidates have to give details of serious criminal cases going on against themselves, details of assets and debts of family members, and their educational qualifications.

    The Election Commission of India is the highest autonomous electoral agency of India involved in the supervision and administration of the entire election process. It has been entrusted with the responsibility of granting constitutional status to political parties, completing the nomination process, enforcing the Model Code of Conduct, taking care of the complete voting process, the result declaration as well as the free, fair, and transparent election process.

    Eligibility for election nomination.
    One must be a citizen of India.
    The person should be 25 years of age.
    According to the Representation of the People Act, 1951, the name of a candidate is required to be on the voter list of any constituency in the state for which he will become an MLA.
    The person's job should not be government.
    The person acquiring this position must be mentally healthy.
    Under the Representation of the People Act, 1951, if any MLA is found guilty or convicted by the court, he can also be removed from that post.

    To become a member of the Indian Parliament, a person must be a citizen of India and if he is contesting the Lok Sabha elections, he should be 25 years old and if he is contesting the Rajya Sabha, he should be 30 years old. A special provision in electoral law is given that a person can stand from the parliamentary constituency of any state in India to contest the Lok Sabha elections. But the person who wants to contest the Rajya Sabha elections must be a voter in a parliamentary constituency of the same state.

  • Any candidate aspiring for contest either in the Lok Sabha or in the Assembly Election has to submit a set of documents to the returning officer at the time of fulfilling nomination.
    The following are the documents that are to be attached while filling up the nomination papers and any omission in this respect would lead to the cancellation of the candidature.
    The following are the essential points-
    1) The contestant must be a minimum of 25 years of age if he is likely to contest for Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha.
    2) In respect of Rajya Sabha election, the candidate must be at least of 30 years of age.
    3) His name must be included in the current electorate of the Parliamentary Constituency, State Legislature, Assembly Constituency etc so as to contest any particular type of election.
    4) Documentations needed for the Parliamentary or Assembly Election-
    a) Nomination Paper- Form 2A for Lok Sabha or Form 2B for the Assembly election is needed.
    b) Form 26 - Affidavit Form is to be filled up in all the respect where the details of the assets including movable, immovable and foreign assets are to be indicated. If there is any criminal case, the same should be mentioned. Other details such as source of income, educational qualifications and other liabilities are to be incorporated as well.
    c) Furnishing of Security Deposits- This has to be furnished and this may vary according to his choice of election such as Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha . This fee would also vary depending upon his caste status.
    5) Oath and Affirmation- After all the formalities listed above, the successful candidate has to take oath in accordance with the prescribed format declared in the third scheduled of the constitution before the returning officer.

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