As you said that you have completed BE (Civil) and now you are doing B.Ed in Mathematics and Physics, then the first thing is that after doing B.Ed. you will be able to make a career as a government teacher. There will be no hindrance. With this, the answers to your various questions are as follows -
1. If I complete MA (Economics), are you eligible for government teaching jobs - as you said, till now only your graduation is complete i.e. you are fully eligible for post-graduation but at least 50% marks in your graduation Ho. When you complete your postgraduate degree in Economics, you have the possibility of the following teaching government job -
- For Professor or Lecturer - both you can apply in any college or university. Well, for this you can start your practice as a guest teacher after some exams if you want from MA.
- Coaching teachers - This is currently a great option, many people prepare for the government exams, and various institutes often lack a good economy teacher as economics is a tricky subject and very few people have good knowledge, If you are interested in economics, then you can groom many such children. In many places in Delhi, Indore, Gwalior, there is a demand for such teachers in abundance.
2.Eligible for writing PGT (Economics) and other exams - Yes you can definitely take the PGT exam, as post-graduation in Economics, you can participate in both PGT and TGT exam in the same year. One piece of advice for you is to start preparing for PGT with your postgraduate studies so that you can save your time later.
3.Can do B.ed and MA simultaneously- Yes, if you are capable and comfortable, you can do both courses simultaneously.
But my advice is since both courses are very hard subjects and courses in their own way, doing so can cause a bit of trouble for you as well. If you had only one subject then you would still have got it easy, but your B.Ed. the subject is mathematics and you want to take economics in mother. It may be a bit complicated, but take the final decision with your discretion.
4. Regarding CTET exam- Applicants for CTET should have the following qualifications -
Has a bachelor's degree and has passed or passed the final year examination of Diploma in Elementary Education.
Or have completed Bachelor's degree with 50% marks and have been appearing or have passed the final year examination in Bachelor of Education.