I don't think that any problem will arise, because I have seen people using abbreviated form for their father's name in 12th marksheet. However, if you have any doubt in that regard, you can change your father's name in your aadhaar card easily.
1. Go to the nearest aadhar centre and check out there with the proceedings. You must apply for changing the name by carrying supporting documents. Try to get your father's Id proof, because the name you want to change is your father's. I guess you can download your father's e-aadhar by generating it in the UIDAI website. If not, try submitting your Id proofs other than aadhar, and in which your father's name is correct.
2. If you start registering for name change, you will receive an OTP to the number with which your aadhaar is linked. This is to confirm that you have applied for it.
3. After processing your application, they will ask you to come on other day (after a week or two). Then you can finish the proceedings and get your revised aadhaar.
You can do the first 2 steps online by visiting UIDAI website. However, the third one has to be done in person.