Percutaneous coronary intervention is used to open blocked arteries of the heart. In case of a heart attack, angioplasty should be done on the patient. Due to the attack, the heart muscle cells are irreversibly damaged. This type of angioplasty is known as primary angioplasty. Angioplasty surgery helps to correct the symptoms of blocked arteries. Commonly, heart-related diseases include shortness of breath and chest pain for the patient. Percutaneous coronary intervention is useful for quickly opening a blocked artery in case of a heart attack. It helps in reducing damage to the heart and is also helpful in clearing plaque from the coronary arteries. Angioplasty surgery is beneficial because the artery can be brought back to its normal size without the need for major surgery.
The main types of angioplasty are:
Balloon Angioplasty- In this, the catheter tube is inserted into the blocked artery by making a small incision in the arm or thigh and the catheter is easily inserted through the blood vessels into the artery. Upon entering the narrowed artery, the balloon attached to the catheter tip is inflated; this inflated balloon compresses and flattens the plaque, causing the artery to widen.
Laser Angioplasty- Laser angioplasty also uses a catheter, but a laser is used instead of a balloon. The laser is then passed through the plaque and the blockage is vaporized.
Atherectomy- It is used when even harder plaque cannot be removed with balloon and laser angioplasty. The plaque is completely cut off with the help of a surgical blade. Helps to remove the blade from the affected artery walls.
It is very important to maintain heart health after angioplasty. After this surgery:
Do not consume smoking.
Maintain cholesterol level.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Do regular exercise.