Choosing a teacher for your career choice is very commendable, being a teacher is a matter of pride in itself and to experience this pride is the dream of many people.
If you want to become a TGT teacher, then to become a TGT you need to do B. Ed (B.Ed) with graduation and you can apply in any private school whereas there is a separate exam for TGT in a government school. To become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT), you need to do B. Ed with post-graduation and then you can apply in any private school. But, there is a separate PGT exam for postgraduate teachers in government schools.
B.Ed (Bachelor Of Education): This course is of 2 years duration and you must be a graduate to do this course. You can also do this course from a government or private college. After a B.Ed course, you can make a career in teaching.
D.Ed (Diploma in Education): This is a Diploma course which is of 2 years duration, and this course is done to become a school teacher. You can do this course after 12th with graduation also. D.El.Ed is also similar to D.Ed, except their names are different.
Following are the examinations and their qualifications to become a government teacher or teacher of Kendriya Vidyalayas:
TET (Teacher Eligibility Test):
TET i.e. Teacher Eligibility Test (TET), this exam is conducted by the state government. You can give TET exam to become a government teacher in the state. After passing the TET exam, you become a teacher of children from class I to VIII.
Qualifications for TET:
You must have B. Ed with graduation to take the TET exam.
The maximum age for the teacher eligibility test should be 35 years.
CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test):
CTET, i.e. Central Teacher Eligibility Test, is conducted by the Government of India. This exam is for those people who want to become a teacher of Kendriya Vidyalayas.
Qualifications for CTET:
For the CTET exam, you need to do graduation as well as B.Ed.
OR Two years Diploma in Elementary Education (D.Ed/D.El.Ed) is mandatory.