India is a very big country and the population is very high. So the waste generated is also very high. But the following are the facts that some may not believe.
1. An American on average produces 8 times more waste than an Indian.
2. An European on average produces more e-waste than an Indian
3. An average Westerner uses more plastic materials than an Indian.
But the municipal authorities there can handle the waste more efficiently than our Indian authorities.
In those countries, even people in rural areas also know how to segregate waste. But in India that awareness is less and commitment is less. In Western countries, the authorities use machines to clean the streets and keep them clean. Even in India also we can use these machines but the people involved should have that commitment. India has to learn many techniques in waste management and recycling waste from western countries.
The present Central government is committed to this and Swacha Bharat is a step forward in that direction.
It is estimated that Urban India is presently generating62 million tonnes of waste annually. It is estimated that this quantity may go up to 165 million tonnes in 2030. It is reported that 43 million tonnes of municipal solid waste are collected annually. 31 million tonnes is landfilled in sites and the remaining 11.9 million is only treated. (The figures are taken from the literature available on the internet). This is really very critical situation and the government should think of this and people should understand the situation and cooperate with the authorities. Separating various wastes based on their nature at the source is very important.
There are chances many jobs may get created in this country in the coming days. So getting a qualification in this subject trying for a job is a very nice option.
There are some undergraduate and postgraduate courses in this line. To get into the UG course one should have a pass in 10+2 with Biological sciences and Physical sciences. To have a PG degree admission you should have a graduate degree in related subjects like Waste Management, Environmental science, Environmental Engineering, Chemistry and Civil Engineering.
The following are some of the top institutions offering courses in this field.
1, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi
2, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
3, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health Kolkata
4. International Institute of Waste Management (IIWM) Bangalore
5, Chhatrapati Shahu Institute of Business Education and Research, Kolhapur
6. Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal
7. Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh