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  • Category: Education

    General knowledge about architecture


    Have a query about architecture? Want to know the details of traditional adn modern day mughal architecture? Check out this page for responses from experts.

    What are the good and bad consequences of mughal architecture if implemented in modern day architecture? Do we find any of the modern buildings reflecting mughal architecture ? What are the challenges we face today regarding architecture ? How can we develop architecture? Please suggest some ideas regarding it. Also suggest some good books on mughal architecture that provide each and every detail.
  • Answers

    3 Answers found.
  • There are many features in modern-day housing also that we don't realise are taken from old forms of architecture be it ancient Hindu architecture or Mughal architecture because if we go deeper we will find a form of acculturation in the artistic style of building making. But some of the things which we often consider specific to Mughal architecture such as big domes (especially the onion-shaped domes), chaar -baag style(i.e. garden on all four sides which you will see in the big architectural monuments like TAJ Mahal and Humayun tomb), Jali work and jharokhas, calligraphic ayat writing on the walls, and big spacious places. It will be very difficult to incorporate all these in modern house making but if you have big spacious place and money to spent you can incorporate such things. But on a smaller scale for a normal house, you can still incorporate few things like dome-shaped roofs, jharokhas, jail works and to some extent calligraphic Arabic inscriptions. All you need is good architecture and workers with knowledge of such fine work.

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  • Mughal architecture was developed during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. It is neither purely Indian architecture nor an Islamic character. It is a hybrid of both these two architecture styles.
    Dome shape structures are very famous in this architecture and we will find this shape in almost all Moghul monuments. They are famous for using delicate ornaments in decorating the interiors. In some of their designs, we will see the influence of Hindu culture.
    They were using white marble and red sandstone very freely in almost all their famous constructions. These days in many modern houses usage of marble is seen. Probably this is what we took from those constructions.
    The big gateways are also very famous in their constructions.
    In fact, there is a large influence of Persian culture also on Mughal architecture. Many of the buildings that are constructed in those days are having many big halls and calligraphic inscriptions.

    The following are some books that will give you some insights into Moghul architecture.

    1. Mughal Architecture: An Outline Of Its History And Development (1526-1858) Author- Ebba Koch
    2 . Historiographical Study of Indo Muslim Architecture - R Nath
    3, Architecture of Mughal India - Catherine B. Asher,

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  • Mughal architecture was first developed during the reign of Akbar(1556–1605), This architecture is a combination of Persian, Turkic, Timurid Iranian, Central Asian, and Indian Hindu and Muslim styles. The main feature of this architect is large bulbous onion domes, sometimes It is surrounded by four smaller domes.
    Generally, In this architect white marble and red sandstone are used. Use of delicate ornamentation work is also common including pachin kari decorative work and jali-latticed screens. Besides, Monumental buildings are surrounded by gardens on all four sides. Mosques is made with large courtyards. Persian and Arabic calligraphic inscriptions, including verses from the Quran is also used and large gateways leading up to the main building. Decorative chhatris and jalis and jharokhas is common in this architect. Here are the name of some books which is related to mughal architect as follows:-
    1. Indegeneous Mughal architectural- R. Nath
    2.Mughal Architecture (An Outline of its History and Development 1526-1858)
    3. Understanding Mughal India: sixteen to eighteen centuries - Meena Bhargava


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