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If you are strong in Physics, Chemistry and Maths even though you are not Cosmologists then you would be hired in NASA. Visit the page like https://www.usajobs.gov/search/results?d=NN&p=1 (or) use relevant keyword of NASA or similar post to get the exact result and latest job openings over there.
In India there is no Bachelor's Degree course as such. So which would be better to pursue- a B.Sc. in astronomy or one in astrophysics?
Physical Scientist. Aerospace Technology. Electronic Technician, Engineering Technician.
Master in Physics, Chemistry and Maths would be given preference.
Generally how much time it would take to become a part of NASA?
Three weeks to four months.
How and when can I apply?
Go through this page https://www.nasa.gov/about/contact/index.html and you would get almost all detail answer for your query.
So one should make a very highly focused attempt and has to put in rigours attempts to get into that. One should be able to present themselves in a very concentrated way with all his talents. But nothing is impossible. If you have interest and strong desire you can get the job if you put in 120% effort with a focus and concentrated efforts.
You have to do a post-graduation in astrophysics and should incline research. After PG one should try to put in some work experience in a similar field in organisations like ISRO in India. If a qualified person with some experience in ISRO will be a preferred person for NASA. Generally, it may take about 10 to 12 months after applying to complete the total procedure and join the organisation.
For the procedure and other details, you can see their website www.nasa.gov.
There are many institutes imparting Astrophysics education in India and some of the worth mentioning are - Raman Research Institute, Bangalore, Institute of Fundamental Research, Tamil Nadu, National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Pune, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad, JNTU College of Engineering, Hyderabad, Inter Universities Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, India Institute of Space Science and Technology, Trivandrum, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune, and Physical Research laboratory, Ahmedabad.
It is also to be noted that there is a tough competition for getting admission to these niche courses and one has to prepare for the entrance tests some of which are on all India basis like JEE while others are institute specific.
Some of these institutes have collaboration with some of the foreign reputed cosmology institutes and the meritorious students can get an opportunity to work with foreign scientists also. Some of the leading institutes have links with NASA also especially in some part project completions and that sometimes creates good opportunity to work in collaboration with NASA with a future hope of likely employment there.
In summary, I would like to add that cosmology is an area which has tremendous scope for research and scientific work of high level but it would require a lifetime devotion of a person who wants to make a career in this line. So aspiring for this line would require strong motivation, focus, and determination for one's work.
Knowledge is power.
Hence a cosmologist is supposed to go through a lot of scientific papers apart from attending research conference.
Now let us explore the ways how one can join NASA. NASA being the abbreviated form of National Aeronautics and Space Administration governed by the US agency involved in the specialisation aeronautics aerospace programme. The following points will help you in achieving your target-
1) If you want to be astronaut, you should be either a post graduate qualification in Engineering with your inclination in both Physics and Mathematics so that you can understand the cosmological theory with the application of advanced mathematical calculations and behaviours of stars. The other option would be to have a post graduation degree in Astrophysics from a reputed institution.
2) You will have to undertake your studies in one of the following institutions in India-
1) Indian Institute of astrophysics, Bengaluru.
2) Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
3) Centre of Advanced Studies in Astrophysics, Hyderabad
4) JNU Delhi.
3) Once the aspirants acquire the post graduation degree in Astrophysics, they would be required join a public sector or a private sector undertaking where they would work under the guidance of a senior officer in relation to space organisation. They would get such opportunities in ISRO or Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.
4) Then try for the doctorate degree from any one of the reputed universities from America such as MIT, Harvard University, University of California, Stanford University, Pennsylvania University etc.
5) Once your doctorate degree is completed, procure a Visa to work there in some organisations related to Astrophysics.
6) In the meanwhile still working over there, apply for NASA, The authorities of NASA will check up your background and your name would be short listed for the inclusion of your candidature in NASA.
7) Then a test will follow including interview, written test, practical and theoretical examination etc by the authorities of NASA.
8) After reviewing your performance in each session, you will be ultimately selected in the NASA organisation.
1)Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
2) Centre of Advanced Studies in Astrophysics, Hyderabad
3) Jawaharlal Neru universityDelhi.
4) Indian Institute of astrophysics, Bengaluru.
5)India Institute of Space Science and Technology, Trivandrum
6)Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune,
After completing post-graduation in astrophysics you should try to take research experience in the same field. Some reputed organisations such as ISRO you can join for work experience. If any vacancy is there at NASA then you can apply for that. They will check your academic background and if you are found eligible then your name would be shortlisted for the inclusion of your candidature in NASA. Then a test will be conducted including a written test, a practical, theoretical examination an interview etc by the authorities of NASA. After reviewing your performance in each step, they will declare the result.