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  • Category: Festivals

    Why the Hindu festival Makar Sankranti falls on the same date of Gregorian calendar?

    The Hindu festival Makar Sankranti falls on January 15, every year. Other festivals like Holi, Dussehra, Diwali, Janmashtami, Rakshabandhan etc. never falls on the same date of the Gregorian calendar (common calendar which we refer in our day to day work). Is it not interesting to discuss the same? It is basically a festival of the God 'Sun'. In Uttar Pradesh, it is known as 'Khichadi' also. On this day, people bath and donate something, most commonly grains/cereals etc. They also eat a sweet made of til (sesame seeds) and gud (jaggery). Many people fly kites on this day. So let us discuss the reason of Makar Sankranti falling on the same date of Gregorian calendar.
  • #549253
    This is because this festival is celebrated basing on Solar calendar. The Sun returns the the same spot every 365.25 days. For each month 30 or 31 days come. But the other festivals in India are celebrated basing on Lunar calendar (movement of the moon). Lunar calendar has only 354 days and so for every month 29.4 days come. There is a difference of 11.25 days between Solar and Lunar calendar. To bridge this difference in Lunar calendar there is an adhiga maasam.

  • #549272
    If Christmas can fall regularly on 25th December of every year, why not the Pongal/Makara Sankaranthi on 15th January of every year?
    No life without Sun

  • #549274
    The festivals like Republic Day (26 January), Independence Day (15 August), Gandhi Jayanti ( 2 October) , Christmas ( 25 December) are not Hindu festivals i.e. are not based on Hindu calendar.
    Let us encourage each other in sharing knowledge.

  • #549278
    Pongal and Makara sankaranthi are not regular on 15th of January of every each . They fall one day in advance or later.
    No life without Sun

  • #549722
    I am puzzzling on one thing that why our present people got this type of mentality that is just by comparing our own culture and rituals with that of other countries and mocking our own culture. It is good to ask questions but raising unnecessary questions is how to tolerate?

  • #549756
    @Ramachandran: I really don't think anyone is mocking anyone's culture in this thread. Kailash Kumar asked a legitimate question about how Makar Sankranti falls so accurately around the same date on the Gregorian calendar, which is unusual for Hindu festivals.

  • #549775
    For that matter our New Years day, that is Tamil New Years day also comes on same day every year ie 14th April and however the Ugadi, new year for Telugu people shall change the date.
    K Mohan @ Moga
    'Idhuvum Kadandhu Pogum "
    Even this challenging situation would ease

  • #549782
    The first response itself clearly explains the reason of festival being fallen on same day. Both of western calendar and our Indian traditional calendars of various states contains same number of days. It is a cycle following every year so some of the festivals like pongal and Tamil new year falling on same day of every year.
    Whatever happens life should move on...
    Thanks Karthik


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