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  • Category: India

    Are privatisation and technology the solution for social evils like corruption?

    Can priviatisation and technology alone weed out corruption? Discuss.

    In India there is a discussion among policy circles to introduce ICT technology and privatisation for social problems. No doubt technology helps in solving social problems. But ultimately it is we humans who must solve problems. One of the main reasons for privatisation in 1991 was to reduce red tape bureaucracy. Many sectors of economy were liberalised and given to private players. But the result was that, 20 years later, we are hearing scams to the tune of lakhs of crores. Did privatisation really stop corruption? In fact it increases the scope of corruption in the name of auctioning of natural resources.

    Similarly, presently every government, both state and central, are increasingly bringing in biometrics and ICT technologies in weeding out corruption. But several newspaper reports suggest massive corruption after biometrics and new methods of harrassing people by officials.
    No doubt ICT technologies and biometrics can save a lot of tax money by increased efficiency. But ultimately corruption is a social problem and it needs social solutions.

    What is your thought?
  • #617279
    Privatisation alone cannot guarantee removal of corruption.Transparency and absence of discretionary powers can reduce corruption. Simple, non-complicated legal provisions, which does not lead to ambiguity and misinterpretation will reduce corruption. Private sector also has its own ways of corruption. But as public do not have to come in touch with private sector as they have to with public sector or governmental sector, the corruption in private sector is not known that much. In private sector,sometime corrupt practices gets the approval of the management/owner side too. Even if a corrupt person is caught in private sector, the risk is only job,not a vigilance case like that in public sector.

    So privatisation and technology is not a sure solution for social evils like corruption.

  • #617298
    It is good that some state governments has taken to e governance where in the civic services and all the government departments are brought under one roof through online payment and receipt and there by drastically cutting the corruption chances at low level that were happening in the past. I do agree that using the technology most of the government works are getting done by on line payment and thus we need not even visit those offices. But even here the concerned officer has to give the green signal for print and thus we have to call him once the matter is ready. Hence more has to be done to weed out corruption.
    K Mohan
    'Idhuvum Kadandhu Pogum "
    Even this challenging situation would ease

  • #617346
    There is no corruption in private industries and Organisations is a MYTH. The corruption at an employee level may not be there because he may lose his livelyhood by losing his job very easily if there is a doubt in the minds of the management. Here you have no rght to question the managemnet is not thare as in your appointment itself it will be mentioned that your appointment can be terminated with one monthnotice or with a specific period of notice. But at the top level of the organisation at the diretcors and promoters level ther will be a corruption. If they don't have any corruption where from they can bring money for bribing the government and its officails for getting the things done in their favour. In my opinion privatisation will not be a solution for decreasing the corruption. Ofcourse technology may be helpful to some extent in finding out the culprits. Even after finding the culprits what is the use if we never punish them and make them to move around without any restrictions. The corruption can be stopped only when a person who is proved to be corrupt is severly punished in such a way that he can't recover from that punishment during his life time. Otherwise the mondset of the people has to change and they should start understanding the value of ethics in life. Janata Gaarages* should come in all the villages, towns and cities. Then only there will be a stoppsge of corruption.
    *Janata Garage is a movie in telugu wherein a automobile garage having nine people does all reapirs to society for stopping the corruptuon.

    always confident

  • #617353
    Whether its private or public, its a employee from the grass root level or the top most official corruption happens and continues to happen. Corruption does exist in poor, developing and the developed nations too. Only the finesse with which it is done is different. We cannot banish corruption completely. What we need is measures that are designed for the local region,rather than implement everything that works for somebody else. We need the make transactions transparent,not of the common man who pays his taxes regularly and has no source of other incomes. But focussing on the people who have access to huge sums of money and the authority to use it without much caution. We need to have accountability and new laws to curb the greed to amass wealth via corruption.
    We are not aware of the dealings and agreements that happen behind closed doors by the people who play around the rules to produce one scam after another wherein the common factor is looting of taxpayers money. Farmers commit suicide when officials meant to help them live a lavish lifestyle.

  • #617429
    Privatisation and technology induction are the measures for bringing efficiency and transparency in the system and to that effect a little bit of decrease in corruption can be achieved.

    Corruption is a deep rooted evil in our society and people are very much impressed with those who have earned lot of black money either by not paying taxes or by virtue of their key positions in Govt departments. People want to marry their daughters in such houses and when she first time returns to her parents with costly gadgets in one hand and equally costly hand bag in other hand they proudly tell the neighbours about their decision to marry the girl there.

    We are so blind with this money that we do not bother for consequences also always thinking that India is such a big country and who will catch us.

    So the problem is not so easy to address and one honest man on the top alone can not change the system.

    With a conservative estimate of offices and small units in India there will be a few lakh of office heads or in charges. Let us say 30 lakhs. So we require at least 30 lakhs honest people to man these positions so that the staff below can not do any corruption. This proposition will work assuming another thousands of senior officers above these sectional heads are also honest. So as a simple school mathematics tells us we require more than 30 lakh honest people in this country sitting on the key posts.

    Do we have so many? If not then what is the mechanism to replace them for eradicating corruption.

    Knowledge is power.

  • #617450
    I think LPG was introduced during the 1991-1992 Economic Reforms with the main aim of reducing the public sector's economic burden.Increase in private sectors led to increase in the collection of taxes from the private players.This helped in filling the country's treasury and helped to end the vicious cycle of over-borrowing and continuous debt.But despite immense Privatisation, there exists more outflows than inflows and a fiscal deficit in the economy.We need a Public-Private Partnership in order to boost the economy.

  • #617670
    There is a great controversy and debate over why 1991 reforms were started. The thread takes one such aspect. The reason mentioned in the response #17450 is also one of the immediate reason for opening the economy. The thread intention is to discuss a long term cause. Since 1980's corruption was cited as a reason for opening Indian economy. Many Industrialists were constantly collabrating with officials and politicians to bring liberalisation since 1980's. But Indira was dismissal of private dector and Rajive was concentrating on populist welfare schemes. Corruption was rampant.
    But the way you are linking inflow and outflow with fiscal deficit is questionable and debatable.

  • #617695
    Privatization is a measure to reduce corruption but we cannot say that private organizations are free from corruption. Similarly, technological changes are aiming at reducing corruption and it can bring a bit more transparency in the transactions and thereby reducing corruption. But we cannot get rid off corruption completely my these measures alone. It is the people who are involved in corruption, and it is due to the eagerness to make more money. People with ethical values are always against corruption. I feel by better implementation of the law and giving apt punishments without delay can raise a fear in people. Now, people are least bothered about the consequences as they know even the top people are corrupted. People think that everything can be achieved through money. That concept has to be changed. By providing more transparency to transactions and the proper and timely implementation of law can reduce corruption to a great extent. Now, that the government has asked to show the source of income, people are a bit trapped and that might help to reduce corruption at least to a small extent.
    "Do not give up, things might not favour you always"

  • #617760
    Today, I read that Karnataka has rejected the Private-Public-Partnership program for hospitals wherein in tertiary care and district hospitals or hospitals with 50-100 beds be handed over to privative players for 30 yrs to improve the services with the government keeping the tab on the charges. This in principle sounds good because private healthcare players have resources and skilled manpower that all government sectors cannot have. But this has been opposed to the fear that the cost can be slowly hiked up by the private players and even they can be corrupted. To me, genuine privatization can shake off the inertia and lethargy of some government units and increase accountability.

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