But in science for every statement, there will be a theory and there is a method to prove it. There will be a logic and by thinking logically we can understand why it should be done like this. So Science is believed to be the truth always.There is no doubt about it. At the same time, we can't completely rule out them also. They are made out of their experiences by our old generations.
Blindly following what had been followed by our older generations would not be effective . We must try to reason the logic behind every such superstitions . If there were no such people like Rajaram mohan roy and Lord William bentinck , we would still have been practicing the cruel practice of sati.
Science is based on fact and figures collected by actual experiments. Superstitions are some things which are followed blindly. Science does not change according to the boundaries of the countries. But, superstitions change even in the different areas of the same countries. Really speaking, superstitions are the product of some unfounded beliefs normally taken for granted. Superstitions are common in illiterate people since they do not use their faculty of reasoning.
There are so many superstitions. If we work according to them then it would be impossible to do a single job in a day in the present day situation. . Normally, educated people have developed their faculty of reasoning and hence in modern days superstitions are losing ground.
I have seen some well educated people propagating some superstitions only for their benefits. Some people run a lucrative business like of mantra-tantra and shantis. In the context of the thread, I would say science and superstitions are true with a difference that science is based on facts while superstitions are based on unfounded fears and dogmas residing in ones minds.
However the sorry state is that science could not find answer to many things and could not explain many things that are happening.
As individuals we cannot see properly our own back or what is inside our body. We still believe things said by doctors about our own body. So that means the fundamental things is 'belief' and 'faith'. That itself is superstition.
As far as I am concerned science does not and cannot explain satisfactorily even one millionth of that we have on just this Earth. Then the whole Universe is remaining. Some of the superstitions can at least give some answer to all those. To believe that science is right itself is a superstition. We are all superstitious in our own way, because we all have some kind of faith in something, someone, some place etc.
Superstition is an irrational attitude of mind towards nature.
It is true that many intelligent people believe in superstitions than their uneducated counterparts which tend to be religiously focused. Religion is a mind virus. Its infection is untreatable. If we study physics, philosophy, archeology, and psychology in our colleges, naturally we inclined to think deep.
Education fight off false beliefs. I read in a neuro science article, that some people are more influenced by neurochemical motivators (ancient part of the brain) more inclined to superstitions and some are thinking frontal cortex(modern part of the brain)
If we see the complexities of the universe and animal life (including humans) on earth we feel that science is still in its infancy and there are many things to understand and also there are many mysteries of nature yet to be deciphered.
So till then science and superstitions will go along and people will prefer one of them as per their preference.
Knowledge is power.
Do we believe in superstitions largely because our parents have been following it?
The answer is yes to a large extent. If you look the formative years of ours as children, our minds are influenced most by our parents and close family members. even up to the age of 10, as children we have an unshakable faith in our parents, a father cannot be wrong, a mother is the best person etc.
So, when these people say and follow superstitions like the black cat crossing the road, spilling salt brings ill luck, we believe in it. After many years, we might question it to satisfy our intellectual/ration side of our mind but we still follow it.
Another point is as humans, we shun the thought of something bad happening to us, this is closely related to bad luck or ill luck. Once we have a family or dependents we get worried, what if I don't believe in superstitions but my family pays for it by unnecessary suffering. I think, this fear of incurring a suffering (self or loved ones) also makes us inclined to follow superstitions as we don't lose anything by following it.