Even the most optimistic estimates on distribution on wealth in India, do not give more than ten rupees of out each one hundred spent on any scheme, reaching the poor. Even the late Rajiv Gandhi had the guts to admit this truth.
So, we have the poor, who do not know English, do not have any education, or training on any particular skill, living on the poverty line or just about it. This problem is more acute in the Hindi areas, where the some politicians only want Hindi, and totally neglect English. Mulayam Singh Yadav, for example, sought to do away totally with English, when he was in power. There was a huge protest and he had to change track. In the South of India, the standard of English is very good in so many places and, hence the standard of overall Higher Education is that much better.
We have other problems too. The poor do not get their quantity of rations as per their eligibility. They are robbed so systematically, as the so-called "market forces" , where the cost of single commodity is beyond their reach, makes life miserable for them. For example, they cannot afford to even buy a good brand of branded pickle from the open market. They can never travel by AC class and can never even buy a costly shirt.
This is exactly why, when all other things are equal to all, they should be given a huge amount of rations at hugely subsidized prices, so that the equality in terms of nutrition or at least basic survival is available to them. When the population increases and the jobs only increase in the service sector, these electricians, plumbers, electricians, carpenters, security guards, servant maids and a whole lot of educated people who draw salaries as less as 8000/- in 2018 prices, in the cities, suffer so much in terms of being able to just survive as human beings. For them, every single day is a huge struggle that they are unsure of what they can do the very next minute.
So, the poor always remain poor and the rich, who happen to control the Government, the banks, the private sector, the trading sector and the huge farms as far as agriculture is concerned, have a whale of a time. Worse, even the small loans made available to them are those that come at huge costs , in terms of interest costs. The politicians swindle money at every single opportunity, and go all out of the way to keep their momentum going.
Unless we bridge the gaps by strengthening investment in social security schemes, public health in terms of good Government hospitals, very good Government schools and so on. Some social contributions from the huge IT companies, for example, in Tamil Nadu, have made public hospitals that much cleaner, better in terms of infrastructure and so on.
Why not run the Government schools as public-private partnerships, where the Corporate Social Responsibility Expenses go all out to strengthen such schools?
We need to seek fresh answers to familiar problems. There should be a huge amount of debate on such issues, so that the gap between the rich and poor becomes that much smaller in the years to come.
[Response edited. Do not make too personal comments about people. Avoid needlessly lengthy responses]