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  • Category: Miscellaneous

    Lecture on 'Mental disorders' for undergraduate students

    This lecture is for the undergraduate students of psychology for understanding the mental disorders which are generally treated by clinical psychologists.

    There are many people in the world who are normal and behave in a perfect way but unfortunately there are some who are suffering some deficiency in their behaviour and impairment in their cognitive facilities. These people exhibit different patterns in their social interactions and are avoided by the public at large thinking that they are mad or mentally retarded.

    But the fact is that these people are suffering from some mental deficiency and not behaving that way intentionally. We must as a human being should sympathise with them and as far as possible socially help them to come out of their syndrome or stigmas.

    The science is yet to unravel the mysteries of these phenomenon but psychologist are devising ways and methods to manage the manifestations of these disorders within the manageable limits.

    The key characteristics in defining the mental disorder are Personal distress, Disability, Violation of social norms and Dysfunction. A person's behaviour is said to be disordered if these things are caused by it.

    Mental illness is different from physical illness in many ways as the line of treatment for them are drastically different. Physical illness is diagnosed with standard pathological tests and treated with known drugs while mental illness needs experienced clinical psychiatrist or psychologist to pin point the disorder and find the cause for it before going for counselling or other measures.

    Psychologists study these disorders in case to case basis as each case is unique and requires a special attention to analyse it thoroughly before remedial methods are put in place.

    Mental disorders are to be studied in great details for their assesment in totality and then only we can progress ahead for treating them. The general guideline in this area is description of disorder, analysing the possible causes and then the line of treatment. The area of psychopathology deals with it for complete analysis of the disorder before going for any treatment.
  • #649866
    You've explained nicely how lack of a good diagnosis makes ments disorders harder to treat. We don't view mental disorders as we view phsyical ones when mental disorders can be much more upsetting. The reason could be the way we think,"it's all in the head".
    Observing and questioning still remains a huge part of diagnosis, though advancements like neural mapping are available. Because not even neural mapping can accurately explain how a disease works because there are cases where a same part of brain shows heightened activity making it hard to diagnose the mentally ill patient.
    This is really a very serious issue and I'm glad you focussed upon it.

    The stronger a light shines the darker are the shadows around it.

  • #649914
    The mental disorders are very difficult to recognise even by the very talented doctors. A lot of time and patience is required. Once I happened to go to one of my friend in our native place who is a famous Psychologist. He asked me to sit with him for some time and he explained to me the way in which they need to question the patient to go to the root cause. He said that they will take almost 2 hours to get the complete history of the patient for the first time when he comes.
    It is completely a different way of curing of the physical problems.

    drrao
    always confident

  • #649916
    A nice presentation to create awareness about mental disorders. It is a fact that people do not care much about mental disorders and a healthy mind is equally important along with the healthy body. There is a stigma associated with mental illness and for this very reason mental health issues are under reported.

    Since few people go to the experts for help for mental disorders, the rest having mental issues keep it with them and with time the problem increases and become unmanageable. This is the sole reason of increase in the number of patients with depressive disorders and it is really increasing at an alarming rate. We need awareness about mental health issues so that this is not neglected and promptly reported to the mental health experts for proper diagnosis.

    Sankalan

    "Life is easier when you enjoy what you do"

  • #650896
    I think there are certain common factors which are leading the students towards the mental disorders. These factors are financial pressure, high competition, huge expectations, and heavy workload. It is becoming difficult for the students to balance them!


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