Lecture on 'Mental disorders' for undergraduate studentsThis lecture is for the undergraduate students of psychology for understanding the mental disorders which are generally treated by clinical psychologists.
There are many people in the world who are normal and behave in a perfect way but unfortunately there are some who are suffering some deficiency in their behaviour and impairment in their cognitive facilities. These people exhibit different patterns in their social interactions and are avoided by the public at large thinking that they are mad or mentally retarded.
But the fact is that these people are suffering from some mental deficiency and not behaving that way intentionally. We must as a human being should sympathise with them and as far as possible socially help them to come out of their syndrome or stigmas.
The science is yet to unravel the mysteries of these phenomenon but psychologist are devising ways and methods to manage the manifestations of these disorders within the manageable limits.
The key characteristics in defining the mental disorder are Personal distress, Disability, Violation of social norms and Dysfunction. A person's behaviour is said to be disordered if these things are caused by it.
Mental illness is different from physical illness in many ways as the line of treatment for them are drastically different. Physical illness is diagnosed with standard pathological tests and treated with known drugs while mental illness needs experienced clinical psychiatrist or psychologist to pin point the disorder and find the cause for it before going for counselling or other measures.
Psychologists study these disorders in case to case basis as each case is unique and requires a special attention to analyse it thoroughly before remedial methods are put in place.
Mental disorders are to be studied in great details for their assesment in totality and then only we can progress ahead for treating them. The general guideline in this area is description of disorder, analysing the possible causes and then the line of treatment. The area of psychopathology deals with it for complete analysis of the disorder before going for any treatment.