Many national dailies reported the news of the restrictions on the manufacture, sale and use of firecrackers, these restrictions being applied to the entire country. The media also gave detailed reports on the various compounds which are in specific types of firecrackers, such as barium nitrate in gold sparklers, iron and aluminium flakes in electric sparklers, etc.
Green crackers would be those with low sound and light emissions and these would need to pass the approval of PESO (Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation). What Shampa mentioned are the ones that have been suggested by CSIR which has come up with chemical formulations which would produce water molecules, thereby acting as a dust suppressant, absorbing particulate matter & thus reducing nitrous oxide and sulphur oxide to a great extent. If this formulation is approved by PESO, the production of these firecrackers would begin [Reference: Times of India, 24th October]. Of course, this could take a few years and we are unlikely to see fully green crackers any time soon.
The main problem is that the Supreme Court's ruling has arrived when Diwali is already at the doorstep, with markets already stocked up with firecrackers and some people already have bought them in advance. It would have been good to have implemented a ban a few months ago itself. Why put people's health at a high risk? Do we want to continue living in polluted air and have hearing loss on a long-term, perhaps permanent basis?
When people come at you with their worst, you should come at them with your best (advice given to Selena Gomez by her mother, quoted in Time magazine.)