Medical colleges have attached Hospitals for the training of the students. Similarly Engineering collages also plan for attaching their students to some industries for the practical training. This will provide them better exposure and increase their employability.
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Knowledge is power.
In my view, what we can consider is a radical change in which the institutions function. Each institution that takes in a candidate for UG or PG education should also be made to make a commitment to (i) ensure that fixed percentage of their own students (based on performance) be absorbed in the same institution. (ii) ensure that another set number of students can get jobs via the institution networking ( i am not referring to campus recruitment). (iii) the institutions and well established companies can start more internships that would give the fresh graduate some earnings and also a chance to have experience in their CVs. (iv) the rich institutions can invest in the related public sector and in return get some employment slots for their own students.
A hospital will be associated with every medical college and the students will be given coaching by experienced doctors and they will be shown the actual patients in the hospital and how they are treating them. This is more like an on the job training. If the same policy is introduced for Engineering colleges also the students will get benefitted very much.
Our learning system is mainly based on studying books and writing the answers in the examination. The thrust must be on practical oriented learning and the industry-cum-college model is a good one in that aspect. Education cannot be a business establishment, as we see nowadays in many cases, but has to be inclusive where learning, training and employment should be taken into account very seriously.
"Life is easier when you enjoy what you do"
Let me begin here. As rightly pointed out by Natarajan Engineering, Humanities and Basic sciences Institutions differ fundamentally from Medical Institutes in various ways. It it not only Mandatory but it is also feasible to have colleges cum hospitals. Mostly by Medical courses here we mean MBBS and related higher studies. In this cases every thing is related to one and other. They deal with one and the same thing. Welfare of human health broadly. So a professor can work as doctor as also be a student. The evolution of the field since ancient days is such that minimal difference is seen been theory and practice and textbook procedures to the minutest details are analysed, updated as it deals with life. But in case of other courses there at least 8-10 courses in a college and we cannot start Industry for each and every course. We have to see the other way around only.
At the same time we cannot belittle the importance of Industry academic integration at a greater level. We see Institutes like IISER, IISC, Institutes run by Armed forces, IITs to some extent (Industry sponsored candidates) where students are part and parcel of the Job they are going to perform. It also gives an enhanced interest for students as they are assured that this is the field they are going to work and focus more on it unlike in standalone Institutes where students study in a field but work in another field for survival.
One good Suggestion as given by Sankalan Bhatacharya is the Industries coming forward and setting up syllabus course and Institutes for specialized and Industry linked studies. we have ample example of them in our country like Petroleum Institutes run by Reliance, Manipal Institute of Banking etc.. I think we must ponder upon this Idea and may be even change laws and polices towards setting up of such Institutes.
Here I am not against standalone educational colleges. If a student genuinely wants to change his career then he must be encouraged. We can see the great example of former RBI Governor Rajan as a good example. My only suggestion is the Industry linked colleges ratio must be increased enormously. The logistics issues raised by Natarajan seems to not outweigh the benefits associated. An Industry can get the skilled Man power it needs which is very difficult these days. Also need based colleges can be built instead of mushrooming of colleges without even intake in many cases. Let us discuss further to refine the Idea.
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Actually, the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and Federation of Indian Chambers and Commerce (FICCI), both can play a bigger role in this case. They know the requirements of Industries very well. They should liaise with/interact with Universities and other institutions so that necessary changes can be bought-in in the syllabuses and make the curriculum more practical, interesting and job oriented. Each Industry is looking for multi skilled people with multi-tasking capabilities. So, extra training and certification is required. According to me, no need to start more industry cum college complexes. We need to bring Industry and Universities closer .CII and FICCI can bring them together. Additionally, Governments Skill India should collaborate vigorously with PSUs and other Private organizations