The best part of the Draft New Educational Policy 2019 is the restructuring of Undergraduate programs (e.g. BSc, BA, BCom, BVoc) of 3 or 4 years duration and having multiple exits and entry options. Current UG courses which offer a mixed range of subjects( eg. science with arts) are limited to a few universities in India and such courses have no industrial value right now. This is a major problem. This is the main reason that students go to foreign universities to study since foreign universities offer a wide range of subjects and their UG courses are much more flexible. In India, a lot of students have to drop after one year when they realise that they cannot really cope up with the course they chose( mainly B.Tech and MBBS students). If UG courses start having multiple entries and exit points, it is really going to help the students and save their time.
The second part I liked in the Draft policy was the Extension of Right to Education Act 2009 to cover children of ages 3 to 18. This was required for a long time. The 5+3+3+4 curricular and pedagogical structure based on cognitive and socio-emotional developmental stages of children is a good step as now the government is also starting to focus on the Foundational Stage.
The proposal for the creation of new independent bodies to regulate the four functions of Standard Setting, Funding, Accreditation, and Regulation is not really required as India already has quite a large number of bodies such as UGC, AICTE, etc. The problem is the formulation and implementation of rules by the already existing bodies; the creation of new independent bodies is going to mess up everything.
Rest all the proposals made in the Draft are more or less the same as the last policies. The government should have focussed more on the development of existing institutions rather than setting up new Universities and colleges. Eg, India has such a high number of engineering colleges that every year, only half of the total strength is filled up. This is due to the lack of quality of these institutions, not due to the lack of the number of engineering aspirants.
The India Government should actually first focus on the improvement of the government schools before introducing any other changes in the policy! The irony is, that there is no mention of the current condition of government schools in the Draft policy!
Hope the Modi Government rises from slumber!