There is a "flag code" in each country which is stated in the constitution. As per our constitution, "The Indian flag represents the hopes and aspirations of the people of India" and we need to respect it.
As per the flag code of India :
Part 1 - General description of the national flag :
- The Indian tricolour flag has three equal rectangular. Saffron on top, white in the middle and green in the bottom. The length and height ratio of the flag is 3:2(rectangular). The Ashoka Chakra(dark blue) in the centre has 24 spokes.
Part 2 - Display of the national flag by Public, private and educational institutions :
- The Indian national flag should always occupy a position of honour.
- When flying over public buildings(during Republic or Independence day), the national flag should be flown from sunrise to sunset.
- While hoisting the flag, it should be done energetically and lowered slowly.
- The flag must always be displayed with saffron on the top most or the right of the flag (in case of vertical display). It is an offence to display the flag in an transpose position.
- The flag should not be used as a decoration, as an advertisement, garment or wrap of any sort.
- The flag should not be allowed to touch the ground.
- The flag should not be torn, damaged, disfigured or disrespected in any manner.
- The disposal of a flag should be done as a whole, in private, preferably by burning.
Part 3 - Display of the national flag by Central, state government organisation and it's agencies :
- The flag be used to cover the coffin only in the event of the funeral of an army,navy or military forces, member of the state or central and people of honour but must be removed before the person is buried or cremated.
- Only panjandrums(President, VP, Governors and Lieutenant Governors, PM and Cabinet Ministers, Heads of Indian Posts abroad, Chief Justice of India, etc.) are allowed to use national flag in their cars.
- While hoisting and lowering the flag, all people present should face the flag and stand in attention position.
Note: National flag flown at half mast :
The Indian National flag is flown at some way below the top of its staff throughout the country as a mark of national mourning (death of the President, VP, PM of India) but before lowering to half mast, it is raised to the top position as the pride of the nation and its honour over all other concerns at all times.
You can get more details about the Flag code of India, 2002 from the below link : http://www.mca.gov.in/Ministry/pdf/FlagCodeIndia14_16082018.pdf
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