We all know what tiger is. Do we know what "tiger" means?To be honest no one is one hundred percent sure about the origins of the word. The earliest mention of the word is related to "Tigris", which was a Greek word. Tigris in turn came from "Tigra" or "Tihra". Tigra/Tihra is an old Persian word for "arrow". It is not a surprise that arrows are called "Theer" in Sanskrit too, as Persian and Sanskrit are closely related languages.
Tiger's historical range was till Iran. Ancient Iranians compared tiger's agility and ambush to that of an arrow.
One of Sanskrit words for tiger is Pundarik. This name is eerily similar to Panther, which is the Latin genus name of the animal. Pundarik means lotus according to some sources. Other sources claim it is the word Paandra, that Pundarik came from, Paandra meaning the pale yellow pattern on tiger.
The origins of word Panther is still murky. Many suggest it derived from previously mentioned Pandra or Pundarik.