Questioning somebody is different from asking questions. When we question somebody about their acts or talks we should have a proper understanding of the point we are raising. If we don't have a good understanding of the subject we may be cornered instead of cornering the other person. We should have a piece of proper subject knowledge and there is should be a shred of proper evidence with us to claim that the other person is not correct in his acts or talks.
A superior may have more responsibilities than us. So the actions he may take will be in the overall interest and he will act keeping the other areas he is covering in addition to the area you are working. So we should think about a wider origin when we want to question a superior. We can question a junior person as his responsibilities are less than you and you know the complete area of his work.
First experience I would share is when I confronted my teacher when he was trying to explain us how to solve a Sudoku puzzle by drawing 27 rows and 27 columns on the blackboard. I actually stopped him midway while he drew the chart and showed him the solution within 9x9 box without any more addition of rows or column.
The teacher was taken aback as none other student knew of Sudoku as it was avery new kind of puzzle. It was around 20 years back. Although, the teacher was mature enough and did not take the confrontation in negative way but he accpeted that the problem could have been explained in a shorter way, as I had explained.
The second experience is with my senior colleague in office I used to work. Here I had confronted him with his quality of work and the lack of update of latest developments in our filed of work, on his part. This had actually turned him against me and he started to tell wrong or false information to other colleagues and even stopped talking to me except for official works.
The lessons that I learnt were:
1. Never confront any of your superior unless and until you have full knowledge about the thing you are talking about.
2. Always have full confidence and also be prepared to face the consequences as all the person are not of the same temperament.
3. Try to confront/correct anyone in the most polite way possible.
4. Since, not everybody is equally mature, so many will turn against you, so be prepared to make some relations sour in professional field or play democratically.
5. Many times experience triumphs over knowledge, so if a senior doesn't take your advice or suggestion seriously no matter how genuine it may be, don't let that impact you or take it personally.
There is no denying that our seniors have faced more challenges and taken more decisions than us so, it is in our best interest to share our opinion and utilize their experience & knowledge to get the best out of any situation.
Live before you leave.
Knowledge is power.
Keep your Face to the SunShine