Newspapers in this ageThe Bengal Gazette, the first Indian newspaper was published in 1780. Since then numerous newspapers came in the market as their demand increased by the readers. The expansion of newspapers in India was abrupt. It has been reported that in 1861, there were eight Hindi and 11 Urdu newspapers. By 1870, newspapers had a total readership of more than 1,50,000 in Bombay, Madras and Awadh regions. All newspapers were printed in the proximity of 1,500 to 3,000 copies each and were patronised by Britishers functioning for the East India Company or the British government and few rich Indian businessmen.
India's newspapers basically focussed on social reforms, were generating the feelings for the freedom struggle movement and the social perception of identical several other topics were put forward by the newspapers. From day one, newspapers in India were committed to societal cause and speaking for rights and public liberties. In brief, Indian newspapers earned esteem at large.
In this age, the surviving significance of media by electronic and digital technology are unquestionably presenting a huge challenge to newspapers. The Indian newspapers, for the sake of their survival, are undergoing massive technology adaptation and are modifying techniques and means to combat electronic media in the matter of news manifestation and keeping the interest of readers intact in the newspaper industry.
There is remarkable morale with which newspaper owners in India have set all their efforts and risks in the publishing of local versions and local-language editions of the newspapers — the reason being the steady and constant expansion of literacy which has augmented readership of the newspapers.
Due to liberalisation and globalisation of media and intro of the new medium of communicating information with a speed which can deliver visuals and printed word with equal clarity, this modern technology and all the time rivalry from electronic media has pushed newspapers to embrace new technologies with improved competent attitude and keenness to the present-day market impetuses.
Newspapers have to achieve their readership with nearly matching speed and genuineness of the news. This pursuit and modification of new technologies have certainly offered a tremendous upswing to stability and further expansion of the newspapers. Print media professionals and corporate publishers are very optimistic about further growth of newspapers in India.
On the other hand, there is a widespread and apprehensive impression in the western countries that the newspaper industry has been badly affected by the internet, which has generated a sizeable dent to conventional newspapers' readership.
It has been worrying for a long time. A lot of analyses sleek over the data which illustrates that the decline in newspaper readership and circulation in the US and Europe easily pre-dates the internet age. The saga of the erosion of the daily newspaper goes beyond the web.
Unfortunately, COVID 19 has affected the newspaper industry in India quite badly. Several publishing houses have expelled many of their employees, even some of the newspapers have been closed.