Who is the true father of Artificial Intelligence - Alan Turing or John McCarthyWe do know about Artificial intelligence, but do we know about who is the real or true father of Artificial Intelligence. The names that have made the headlines are two great mathematicians Alan Turing and John McCarthy.
Alan Turing is credited with creating a machine that broke the Enigma Code during World War II (1939-45), which was considered impossible due to its complex encryption which had millions of output/results and only person who has the Enigma machine can decipher it. Germans used the same machine to communicate but Alan Turing with some of the best mathematicians of that time developed a machine that was able to break the code and changed the course of World War II or say brought an end to it, saving millions of life. Alan Turing wanted to develop a machine that can think and give solutions to any input fed to it. So he was talking of an intelligent machine that can have the capability to solve anything like human mind.
As for John McCarthy he was the first person to coin the term Artificial Intelligence in a conference he organised in 1956 called the mythic Dartmouth conference. He believed that artificial intelligence is equivalent to creating a machine that can imitate/replicate the human intelligence. He is credited with creating of language called List Processing (LISP). LISP is the second oldest high level programming language. All the coders and programmers must be aware of it on this site.
Now who do we cosider the pioneer of Artificial Intelligence, Alan Turing, who did not coin the term but worked on machine that can emulate human intelligence or JohnMcCarthy who coined the exact term artificial intelligence and created high level programming language LISP. Should we assume John McCarthy as successor to John Turing?