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  • Category: Miscellaneous

    How rational is the reorganization of states on linguistic basis?

    We all know that in June 1948, the Dhar Commission was formed, whose work was to examine points related to the division of states on linguistic basis, this commission rejected this proposal and said that state division is appropriate only on administrative basis. After this, the JVP committee also did not consider division by linguistic basis to be appropriate. Revolutionary Potti Sreeramulu lost his life for this movement, after several agitations, in 1956 Fazal Ali Commission was formed which accepted the reorganization of states on linguistic basis. Presently, the same linguistic basis is maintained in the states, but is it suitable even today?

    We find around us that people of different languages ??are moving to other states for their jobs or favorite career and often settle in the same states and adapt themselves to the same environment. It is not difficult for humans to mold themselves in any other culture if they really want to adopt it.

    Although English is the most important language in all the states today, there is no doubt that local languages have their own importance. Yet what do you think, according to today's situation, how rational was this decision taken in the past.
  • #724937
    India is a big country in which many languages are spoken. The 2011 census mentions that there are 22 scheduled languages and the mother tongue of 96.71% of the population is one of the 22 scheduled languages. These 22 languages are mentioned in the eighth schedule of the Constitution.
    The people speaking a particular language are mostly located in a particular area. I feel that the reorganization of the States on a linguistic basis is the most rational one. People from other areas may be settling in a particular linguistic State but they are happily settled there. Learning the local language helps them to better integrate with the people there. I do not think any other criteria will be better than the linguistic basis.

    " Be Good and Do Good "

  • #724941

    In 1947 India had Mysore, Punjab, Madras, Bombay, Orissa, Bengal, United Provinces, Central Provinces, Assam, Rajasthan and J&K as states. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Delhi, Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands were the Union Territories.

    The States Reorganization Act, 1956, divided Kerala from Mysore state, Andhra Pradesh from Madras State, Himachal Pradesh as a Union Territory from Punjab and Tripura and Manipur as a Union Territory from Assam. It also gave Delhi its current recognition of Union Territory.

    After that, States had always been dividing. In 1960, Gujarat was divided from Bombay state. In 1962, Pondicherry was liberated from French capture and in 1963, it was renamed as Puducherry, with its recognition as Union Territory. Goa, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli liberated from Portuguese rule in 1961. Dadra and Nagar Haveli was given a recognition of union territory in 1961 only. Goa and Daman and Diu were together a Uniom Territory, but in 1987, Daman and Diu was again divided from Goa and given a recognition of union territory only, whereas Goa was given a recognition of state. Haryana was divided from Punjab in 1966. Himachal Pradesh was given a recognition of a state in 1971 with some parts of Punjab being merged into the new state of Himachal Pradesh. Bengal was renamed as West Bengal when Bangladesh separated from Pakistan in 1971. Bombay was renamed as Maharashtra, United provinces was renamed as Uttar Pradesh and Central provinces was renamed as Madhya Pradesh. Also, 3 states, currently known as Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram were divided from Assam, starting from 1964 to 1971. At this time, Tripura and Manipur were also given a separate recognition as states. Mysore was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands were also renamed as Lakshadweep Islands in 1973. Sikkim, which was another territory apart from India, chose India's democracy and got into India as a state in 1975. Arunachal Pradesh was again separated from Assam in 1987. Then in 2000, Chhattisgarh was divided from Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand was divided from Bihar and Uttarakhand was divided from Uttar Pradesh. Then the newest state of all, Telangana, was divided from Andhra Pradesh in 2014. Now, in 2019, J&K was divided in two Union Territoteries namely Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

     And at the recent in the starting of 2020, an official merger merged the two small union territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli into a single union territory of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. This, at recent, makes India a fraternal unit of 28 states and 8 union territories.

    I think it was a good decision to create these states on the basis of languages. This is the beauty of our country that despite being different we are United as a single state.

    Be indian and buy Indian.

  • #724942
    I feel that based on the language dividing the States is the best policy. There is no other simple point that can be used for the formation of a State. That is how these South Indian States were formed and they are doing well. There is no rule that the people from other states can't come and settle in these states. Anybody can come and settle and do their job. Once we settle in a state where the language is different from our mother tongue we will learn that language also. That is why people who shift to other states will learn more languages than the people who settled in their native states.
    Andhra Pradesh is a big loser in the process of forming new states. Originally this AP was in Madras State. But after the agitation by Potti SRiramulu new Andhra Pradesh was formed and it has lost Madras and Kurnool was the capital. Then the Nizam area is also combined with the then AP and a new state formed. Hyderabad was the capital. After developing Hyderabad, the state was divided again and lost Hyderabad, In this process, AP has become a state where there is no good city that is suitable as a state capital.

    always confident

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