Literary trends reflect social conditions of the time.Literature means a collection of written works of an art form. It may be prose or poetry. Novels, stories, essays on topics of importance, history, and many others come under literature. Whatever form it may be, the subject is selected mainly from the observations of the happenings in and around the society.
We have great writers past and present. They excelled in their own languages and many of the present writers are excelling in English writings also. These writers may eventually dominate English literature also. If we take writers of the past like Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, a Bengali writer very famous for portraying the lives of women and especially widowed women and their problems faced by them in the society in those days. Gurajada Venkata Appa Rao, a Telugu writer wrote very famous plays like Kanyasulkam(Price of the bride) in which the evils of society in those days were brought out. Similarly in all the Indian languages, there were and there are great writers who mainly choose the topics of their immediate surroundings, for the plot of their writings. We have great historians like Jadunath Sarkar, G.S.Sardesai, Irfan Habib, Romila Thapar, Ramchandra Guha, and many more. They wrote about the history of the past and present.
The literature of any time gives us an understanding of the lifestyles, social problems, culture, and traditions of those times.