K Mohan @ Moga
'Idhuvum Kadandhu Pogum "
Even this challenging situation would ease
The penalty is levied when a particular act that is not supposed to be performed by a person is performed. Sometimes penalty will be imposed when one has not done the work that he is supposed to do. This is mainly for breaking laws and rules. We are supposed to pay income tax as per the rules within the specified time. If we do it late we have to pay late fees or penalty. This penalty may go up to imprisonment also in some cases. These penalties will be imposed by approved authorities. If a person is travelling on a train without a ticket the TTE can ask him to pay a penalty or he may call the railway police and hand over him for the penalty as per the rule .
Fines are sentenced by any court for committing any crime.When an accused is proven as convicted in the sight of the court or the accused is found as the part of committed crime , then the court impose fine on him to pay this amount to court within given period of time.
On the other hand penalty is also is a fine but it is for violating any law. In this category the amount is fixed for contravention of a law in a particular situation whereas fines may be fixed or not by book of law, and sometimes, it is totally depend on the judgement of the court how much fine is to be imposed on the guilty.
if someone driving his car without having all papers/documents, then the amount of penalty for this contravention of law will be imposed by traffic police. And he will have to pay this penalty.
On the other hand, you might remember Prashant Bhushan, Supreme Court Senior advocate criticised CJIs for degrading their office. He was charged with contempt of court but court was entangled in his case and was indecisive about him, eventually, it imposed Rs one as a fine on him.
While fine is related to only money, penalty can be anything.
Eg. Fine: He paid a fine of Rs. 100/- for violating the traffic rules at the cross roads.
Eg. Penalty: The referee awarded a penalty goal for a foul play in the play field.
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