Why higher percentage of unemployed engineers in India?In recent years, more than 70% of engineering graduates are unemployed and the percentage goes higher in certain fields of engineering. Those are the days, before the final year examinations, pupils received conditional employment offer letters. Now, the graduates have to wait for years together even to get a job below their qualification level. I analysed a lot about this unemployment of engineering graduates not only in India and in several countries since 2010. My reasoning would be:
1) Supply-demand mismatch: In India the outgoing engineering graduates is more than the requirement. If you compare in terms of percentage, the outgoing is 300% and the employability is only 100%. That means, in simple business terms, the supply is more than the demand! Because of this situation, even the employed graduates are not employed and paid according to their level of education. In some countries, engineering graduates are employed before the next engineering admissions. In those countries, the engineering students' admissions go down in recent years. Under such circumstances, based on the percentage of past year employment, the admission intake has been reduced to match the supply against demand.
2) More generic skill requirement: In India, employers are requesting abilities from engineering graduates which are outside the branch of knowledge of study. Without a doubt, a few employers have set less significance on graduates' real certificate discipline for the more conventional abilities which they have gained.
3) Achievements: Employers by and large see an engineering graduate's accomplishments identified with the subject relevance as important however not adequate for them to be enlisted. Accomplishments other than studies, for example, internship, work insight, volunteering, sports, and club & societal activities are viewed as having equivalent significance in this setting as the information and experience gained through scholastic examination.
With regards to higher education, employability is viewed as more than just 'finding a new line of work', as it suggests 'a bunch of accomplishment - abilities, understandings and individual ascribes - that makes graduates bound to acquire employment and be effective in their picked occupations, which benefits themselves, the labour force, the society and the economy'.