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PARAKH was launched under the National Education Policy. Take part in this crisp and fast-paced debate on the pros and cons of PARAKH. Closing date: 12th June.
  • Category: Reward Programs

    Active GD: NCERT PARAKH standard assessment protocol for all Boards - how beneficial is it?

    One of the features of the National Education Policy (NEP) was the setting up of Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development (PARAKH) by the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT). In February this year, NCERT selected the Educational Testing Service (ETS) as the technical partner to establish PARAKH.

    The goal of PARAKH, which will be India's official national assessment regulator, is to have a single standard assessment protocol across all Boards for students of Class 10 and Class 12. An analysis of the pass rates of students who studied under different Boards revealed a gap between various States and Boards, which showed the lack of uniformity in the assessment patterns. The reasons could be, as per the analysis, leniency in giving marks in some States, the quality of assessment getting affected due to far too many answer papers given to an evaluator to assess in a single day, etc.

    In addition to a common exam paper pattern, and assessment standard, NCERT has recommended two other major changes in the existing system: (1) One single Board for Classes 10 and 12 within one State; and (2) Converging the syllabus of the State Boards with that of the Central Boards (such as CBSE, CISCE, and NIOS).

    Let us have an active GD and debate on whether or not PARAKH would be beneficial for students.

    Some points- Do you think PARAKH will reduce the disparities in students of different Boards? Is it a good idea to make the syllabi of the various Boards somewhat similar? What advantages and disadvantages do you envisage in standardising the entire process that includes the setting of question patterns in exams and assessing the papers across all Boards?
    - these are just some points suggested. Feel free to come up with other aspects of PARAKH.

    The reward: Rs.150/- for the two best participants.

    Closing date for participation: 12th June 2023.

    [Note- do not just state facts and details about PARAKH. We want a proper debate on the pros and cons of its features.]
  • #773602
    I am surprised to see not a single response for this GD till now! Usually, within minutes of posting an active GD, members start participating. This topic was posted last night, and more than half the day is over today, but nobody seems to be interested or members have not bothered to check the forum.
    When you make a commitment, you create hope. When you keep a commitment you create trust! ~ John C. Maxwell

  • #773604
    National Education Policy is an ambitious program to bring improvement and rationalization to the existing education system in our country. From state to state and within a state there are so many types of institutions imparting education to students but it is obvious that there are differences in the syllabus as well methods of teaching. This is creating confusion and gap between the students who had sought same education from different places or different institutions.

    PARAKH is one well-conceived and prudent step in the direction of improving our education system and bringing uniformity in its structure across the country.
    Such big changes cannot be done overnight and take time. In my view, it will take some time before PARAKH fully meets its objectives.
    Whenever a policy change is made in a field then there are problems with implementing it at the grassroots level because of a mismatch in the understanding of the policymakers versus the implementing workforce. That is the main reason for the delay in ambitious programs.
    There are many steps envisaged in NEP for improvement in the education sector and PARAKH appears to be a major one as it would bring a level playing field and uniformity in our educational institutions across the country.

    Knowledge is power.

  • #773605
    A positive step towards attaining uniformity in the standard of education across the country. This is very important. All the persons who are attending an examination should be examined uniformly. If there is any disparity some people will get an advantage and some may lose. The NEET examination started by the central government for allocating seats in MBBS is a good step in this regard. If the qualifying examination for all the students is the same and the standard of evaluation is also the same means, even there may not be any necessity of having again another entrance test.
    To bring in uniformity one should know where each existing board stands and which is the best among them and what are the changes required. PARAKH will be doing this analysis and audits to know the present status.
    In my opinion, it is a very important process and required to have standard education and uniform education to all the students.

    always confident

  • #773606
    A lot of students are appearing in the state level examinations of the different boards either for class ten or class twelve. Their syllabus and the text books are not matching with the text books of other states. Some boards maintain tough marking patterns where as the the other could be lenient in that respect. If we include CBSE Board and the ICSE Board in this line, we could see that their marking patterns are more liberal and it would be a matter of a great surprise to see that even in the literature papers such as Hindi, Bengali, English or any regional languages, marks are astonishingly inflated. We would not be surprised to see that many aspirants have secured hundred percent marks which was inconceivable if we go through the records of markings in such subjects twenty years back.
    The marking system of the different boards are not coming parallel to CBSE and ISC Boards causing a great imbalance in the admission process of higher classes. I would not say that the aspirants appearing in other boards are not necessarily dull performers but they are victimised due to their different marking- systems.
    Hence rationalisation of marking system seems to be the logical approach and that is what NEP is thinking about. The idea itself seems to be more beneficial for the student- community if this system grows uniformly throughout the country.

  • #773607
    This is a progressive step in bringing in a scientific shift in the education system within the country. In implementing NEP the role of PARAKH is very significant.
    As of now, different boards are having different ways of evaluating the student and declaring their marks and ranks. But once this PARAKH designs and implements uniform testing methods at all levels, we will see a big change. All the students will be evaluated in a similar pattern which will help to know the actual performance levels of each student. The evaluation method also will be designed in such a way that the skills a student has will be getting judged properly. Evaluation is the key to understanding the abilities of a person.
    Another advantage we may envisage is disparities will be removed. As of now, we hear that students from boards will be making their way easily to some standard institutes for higher education in India. This may be true or may not be true. But an element of doubt will always remain. Once this uniformity in all aspects like the syllabus. evaluation etc, that doubt will also get vanished.

    always confident

  • #773608
    As of now, different students are opting for different boards and there are many disparities in the education ways in these boards.
    The following are the main differences:
    1. The syllabus varies from board to board.
    2. The examination pattern varies
    3. The evaluation methods are different.
    When there are such differences the outcome will also have a difference in the quality.
    Before the 1980s we have not seen any separate entrance tests for higher studies. Only based on the marks obtained in the qualifying examination, seats are allocated.
    But once these differences are highlighted, the system of entrance tests is brought in. This is putting a very high range of stress on the students. So many academicians felt that there should be uniformity. Once this is brought in we will not see any necessity of again going for an entrance test for allocating seats and we can go back to the old system. That is the main advantage. So we all should welcome PARAKH and await a positive development. But it is not a work to be completed in a day or two. The task is started. Let us hope we will see positive developments in the coming days.

    always confident

  • #773611
    Behind every step, there needs to be some work and it can not be implemented instantly. Although the authorities would try their best for the formulation and implementation of PARAKH, however educational content of different boards varies even on the geographical conditions and resources available. It is acceptable that some boards have leniency and they are not at very high standards, but it is from the past and sufficient resources can not be arranged instantly. Even some schools in the country don't have proper infrastructure and students are learning under the trees, and we are making saying them comply with the uniform standards. Although everything needs a starting point why not a start should be made first in making available uniform resources and then the uniform policies?

  • #773612
    I agree with the point that Mr. Dev Arora made. I believe the immediate requirement is the complete uniformity of the schools' infrastructure at all levels of education whether it is primary or high school across the nation. There are disparities even in the states where (like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, etc.) the gross enrolment ratio is high and schools in some remote rural areas have been neglected, not fully equipped with sufficient buildings, teaching staff, and good sanitation and hygiene. Unless these strategies are prioritized the revolutionary step, as supposed to be by the NCERT, the PARAKH to have a uniform education system would be just a vocabulary on paper.

  • #773613
    The point here is that one should know where they stand. Then only there are chances to think about improvement and implement plans for improvement. PARAKH will be doing this. What are the disparities? How are the present systems in each board and what are the positives and negatives of the systems that are established in that board and what is to be done for the wholistic development of education?
    Once this study is made and a report is made, various points may come out of that. In that process, the financial needs and infrastructure requirements and other needs also may evolve and suitable decisions may be taken from that.
    Education is a matter which is in the preview of both State and Central governments. To bring in uniform systems, there should be a good understanding between these two governments also. The very aim of this exercise is to figure out the problems that are existing and trying to find out solutions for that.

    always confident

  • #773615
    A strong need was felt in our country for making the education system uniform across all the states so that there is no distinction between the students based on the institution or home state.
    Earlier, the NEP announcement had kindled hope in the minds of people for achieving that objective and now with the introduction of PARAKH, we can expect that the task of rationalization would start and a large number of students would be benefited directly or indirectly.

    Knowledge is power.

  • #773616
    While India has made tremendous progress towards providing equitable access to school children, the quality of education is the subject of main concern. In a country of ours, high quality education is possible in specific tasks, allocation of reserves, effective governance and periodic performance evaluations if taken up honestly.
    PARAKH is our future assessment with a thorough understanding of policy making evaluation criteria more rational and realistic in terms of uniform education. The same is being set up in NCERT as a constituent body which will monitor inputs from an oversight committee consisting of experts from various fields and organisations. With this, coupled with many more initiatives, the aim of NEP is to take a bold step eliminating rot learning system to comprehensive learning. Though initially, it may take some time to implement the scheme but in years ahead major reforms could change the entire system of cramming into the most enjoyable lessons providing them the most realistic education.

  • #773617
    PARAKH is definitely a praiseworthy attempt and effort for bringing improvement in the education sector but I will like to highlight some of the problems which would arise during the implementation of this scheme.

    If we observe our present educational system at the grassroots level then we will find that our institutions are affected to some extent by the local environment and socio-political setup in that region. The working of the people whether they are the teaching staff or administration are affected by that environment to a great degree. Whenever there is a policy change from the top then there will be resistance and other apprehensions raised by people at the grassroots level. The managers and administrators who are sitting in between the policymakers and the working staff come under pressure in such a situation because they are asked to implement the policy but they do not get desired cooperation from the working people under them. Due to this a conflict arises and the net result is that objectives are not fully achieved. The government will have to give some reorientation training and other guidance to the working people to make them understand the purpose of this scheme and motivate and inspire them to make it a successful endeavor on a collective basis. Through these training and refresher courses, the working staff should also be made aware to understand that the changes are being made not only to benefit the students of this country but to facilitate the working people also because in many instances they change their job from one institution to other and from one place to another. Once they have that broad understanding then their mindset would change and they will start cooperating in this scheme and the success ratio would increase.

    I strongly feel that if things move in such a corrective way then we would be able to reap the benefits of this ambitious effort aimed to rationalize our education system across the country.

    Knowledge is power.

  • #773618
    I welcome the points mentioned by Umesh Sir, as the supply side needs to be strengthened in this case. Although every teacher is good and we can not criticize them but I want to mention that the existing workforce has also passed from the same curriculum and state board faculties are somehow lagging because of a lack of dynamism. They generally avoid changes and making them adaptable to the standardized curriculum would be a cumbersome task. Also, the syllabus in some states is different. For example, when we look at the books of one or two states they are teaching far ahead of other ones. Now if any instant change is made in the curriculum then this would affect the students of those boards whose syllabus is lagging. It would lead them to inferiority because they have to adapt to those changes and teaching methodology which is lacking in their life since when they began their primary education. So, a proper curriculum needs to be designed or in the form of some boosters for such boards which would be very difficult in the recent case because it requires deep analysis for normalization rather than just adopting and implementing plans.

  • #773621
    The following contrasts would reveal some of the disparities of the different Boards-
    1) The academics are of opinion that the existing education system does not provide equal opportunity since each board has its own syllabus and curriculum but the entrance examinations are based on CBSE curriculum.
    2) When we talk about the entrance examination such as NEET, students of different state boards find themselves in the disadvantaged positions since the pattern of this examination or more so for other medical tests of other agencies are based on NCERT syllabus.
    3) The students find themselves in the comfortable position by being a student of CBSE syllabus since their scorings are impressive than the students passing from the different state boards.
    Finally, the academics opine that the existing education system does not provide equal opportunity as each board has its own syllabus and curriculum but the entrance examinations are based on the CBSE syllabus.
    Uniform Education Board with a common syllabus curriculum would enrich the code of common course materials thus removal of disparities existing among other different boards.
    The right of a child should be confined to free compulsory education system but the syllabus must be designed to have the uniformity in the syllabus so as to complete tough competitions in the areas of engineering and medical.

  • #773623
    PARAKH will ultimately become the single window source for all the assessments related information and expertise having a clean objective of examining learning assessment in all forms. They would guide relating to norms and guidelines where they think that some portion/ portions need modification. They would provide guidelines in relation to assessment and evaluation for all the recognised school - boards in India.
    It would take up the following tasks -
    1) It would encourage and help school boards to shift their patterns so as to meet the needs of skills suiting to the needs of the current situations.
    2) It would restore uniformity across the state and central boards which presently practice different standards of evaluation causing wide anomalies in scores.
    3) The authority might consider holding board examinations twice in a year if there is a consensus on this point of the academics.
    4) Special emphasis would be exerted to change the mode of evaluation of Mathematics considering two types of papers - a standard examination and the other one to test the higher level of competence.
    These points are on the anvil and a clear picture would emerge shortly after their close meetings of the representatives.

  • #773624
    There are problems and there will be problems. How to solve them and how to bring in the required changes is the challenge. The work in that direction is stated with NEP and now PARAKH is going to bring out the points and then we can expect the results.
    The standard of the State syllabus is considered to be inferior when compared to CBSE. That is why students who studied in the state syllabus are used to get a higher percentage. Noticing this disparity only the system of entrance test for admissions has come in.
    In many states, government institutions are not having a CBSE syllabus and that is why many parents admit their children to private schools. Private organisations will definitely tune themselves to the requirements so that they can attract the best students. As in my opinion there may not be much problem in introducing the changes.

    always confident

  • #773625
    Now all the government schools also may have to upgrade themselves to see that they will also deliver the goods.
    The necessary training is to be given to the existing teaching staff so that they will be able to discharge their duties properly.
    As time is passing on competition is increasing and Indian students are looking at foreign countries for careers as well as education. They have to compete globally to get their goals met. For this, the standard of primary and secondary education is very important and modifications are very much required. So it is good that the process is started. Once the uniformity in the syllabus is. assessment comes, always the real worthy students will come up. So it is a good step taken by NCERT.

    always confident

  • #773627
    Till the time,PARKH takes up ultimate step to introduce some innovative steps for the benefits of student- community, the teachers especially connected with the state - boards should gear up themselves to make their pupils more capable and proficient in the lines of competitions for which the aspirants should appear for either medical or engineering tests.
    It would be better on the part of teachers to understand the questions set by either NEET or IIT so that they are comfortable in answering them. They will have to change their mindset's with the arrangements of separate classes where they could understand the basics with the painstaking methods of the teachers. Super 30 is one of such institutions operating in Patna Circle where the students from the disadvantaged societies are taken care of by the competent professors offering them free meals and stationaries by the institution so that they become ultimately successful in IIT race. This speaks of missionary zeal of the teachers connected with this institution.

  • #773629
    Audits and assessments will definitely improve the performance of the institution or organisation. That is why many organisations go for ISO or CE or NABL certifications. External audits are unbiased and will bring out the shortcomings and points for improvement. So far in our education system such an assessment system of Institutions is not there. PARAKH will fill that gap. Slowly this system of assessment should percolate to all the institutions and systems should be brought in to have uniform practices in all the educational institutions. This is a step in that direction and definitely will do good for the education system in India. As long as the people who are executing the program are sincere and unbiased this system will work well, I feel.
    always confident

  • #773632
    PARAKH has been established under the scheme of NCERT. It will work towards clubbing the school boards across the states and union territories bringing them together. PARAKH would act as a common platform where interaction would take place of the concerned officials to strengthen the holistic approach ensuring a fair assessment system for the promotion of equity in terms of performance and results of the students.
    The workshop was presided by Sri Sanjay Kumar emphasising the need of equivalence of boards.
    In India, at present there are 60 odd school examination - boards operating in different states/ union territories. The workshop continued its discussions on equivalence across the educational boards. The discussion centred round the need to reassess the prevailing rote examination culture in our educational system. It was felt that there is the ample scope of striking balance between formative and summative assessments which can reduce the burden of high staking examinations during the progress path of the students.

  • #773634
    Till we get the final approval of the draft released by PARAKH, State Boards existing in our country should ensure such type of syllabus to be introduced in their curriculum which will ensure them success at the different competitive tests such as NEET, IIT and other screening tests followed by the reputed private agencies. Moreover, if some modifications are required in the different text - books such as Zoology, Botany, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics to suit the questions set in such tests, this must be taken care of.
    Most of the aspirants from Medical and Engineering streams are of the opinions that Chemistry Text - books prescribed for class eleven and twelve are their true bibles for their ensuing tests since 90% of the questions set for both the streams are from NCERT text - books of Chemistry and hence the aspirants feel confident while going through the text books of class eleven and twelve meant for CBSE.
    The teachers of the State Boards might be aware of such realities. They should make every attempt to percolate down this message to go through NCERT Chemistry Books leaving aside the state level Chemistry Book to take advantage of the situation.
    If the authorities of the different Boards review the text books related to science so that the course- materials are coinciding with NCERT books covering the syllabus- patterns of the competitive tests, there should not be any hesitancy in taking such a corrective step.

  • #773635
    Implementing changes only for those who are undergoing respective courses is not a sufficient measure in my opinion. For instance, in the case of technology when something new evolves the old becomes outdated. What if the standardized curriculum is introduced and those who have recently passed through the old curriculum would they able to compete if the syllabus is inferior to the respective state?
    It would be difficult for them as the new education system would equip them with a broader mindset. Although change is needed we need some starting point but that start should be properly planned because our workforce is not some machinery that once outdated is scrapped. I welcome the points mentioned by Sheo Shankar Sir, that state board books need to developed in such a manner that they offers enough competence to the national examinations but these changes can make current students competitive but what about those who are preparing for these examinations for two or three years, would it not put them into inferiority?

  • #773636
    I want to add that today due to differences between the institutions across our country in respect of syllabus or other parameters, the industry differentiates between the students while selecting them for the job. This might be advantageous to some of the students but is a cause of dejection for many. Once there is standardization and rationalization in educational Institutes across the country this demarcation would cease to exists.
    In my view implementation of PARAKH has to be done in toto and then the envisaged benefits would be achieved.

    Knowledge is power.

  • #773639
    To some extent it may be true that uniform syllabus may give equal chances to the students. Even then the institute in which the student studied will play an important role.
    Even though same is the syllabus, teachers are different and the wisdom of each student will be different. This will help some students from some schools to get better rankings and they will have better chances to get seats in better colleges.
    NEET syllabus is same but students who got coaching from some famous institutes may have better chances.
    Uniform syllabus and uniform assessment methodology will give equal chances to all. But the way in which it will be utilised will be different.

    always confident

  • #773640
    Points raised by Sri Dev Arora seems to be quite justified under the prevailing circumstances when the aspirants are practising some courses and in the event of modifications of such courses, to what extent, the students are to accrue benefits?
    I have stressed the need of elimination of rotting culture which mostly all the parents and so the teachers are in the habits of inciting such elements within the mindset of the pupils.
    While formulating a course under the umbrella of PARAKH for the benefits of entire students, the authority has to ensure that the changed curriculum would promote the culture of comprehensive thinking through the newly developed text books and there would be no more cramming culture. In that situation, thinking ability of the pupils would grow enabling them to think critically.
    Once the standardisation formalities are accomplished under the guidance of competent scholars in the formulation of text books under the guidance of PARAKH, the results might be spectacular.
    Relating to his genuine doubts that old modules of knowledge is always outdated with the replacement of the latest tools and we cannot deny this fact but the new course regimen would take care of this aspect where the mindsets of the pupils would be tuned to face the tougher situations including their readiness to adapt to latest practices beneficial for both the pupils and the environments where they will be rendering their services.

  • #773642
    Generally, when some changes are being implemented there will be some overlapping time and students will be given the option of selecting old regulations or going for the new regulations. This option will be there for 2 or 3 years and then the old regulations will be withdrawn. When I was doing my B.Sc, the university changed the syllabus and they named that syllabus as new regulations. After making that change also, the university has given the chance 2 years to the students to select one of the two regulations.
    So even though there may be some problems, changes are to be made and some changes over procedures are to be decided. All these issues will be definitely addressed by the concerned. I don't think, somebody can recommend stopping PARAKH keeping these issues in mind.

    always confident

  • #773646
    It is a great initiative taken by NCERT with the technical partner ETS in the direction of the Ministry of Education to set up a regulatory body called PARAKH. To introduce uniform syllabi across all the schools in India, mainly in classes 10th and 12th. This would help students of all boards across India to sit and face the same kind of pattern of assessment and help to remove disparities across different boards and students of different states as well. Consistency in the curriculum helps to strengthen the standards of education. It also helps to maintain national integration because of the uniform educational framework, common education systems could create a sense of the same thought among students of diverse backgrounds. Despite its advantages, it also has disadvantages like an institution or a student may have a lack of flexibility and sovereignty to adapt to local needs, cultures, and student preferences. Uniform education may overlook the necessity to preserve and promote regional languages, traditions, and importance. Implementing a uniform education system may aggravate existing resources and bring discrepancies in the resources between different regions, as some areas may face obstacles to meeting the required infrastructure and educational resources.

    However, we can not consider the above as advantages and disadvantages to all regions equally and may differ in their applicability and impact based on the implementation and context of the uniform education system like Parakh in India.

  • #773647
    I think the syllabus that will be framed will give due importance to preserving the importance of regional languages and traditions. A student can opt for his own choices and the syllabus for the subject will be the same all over the country. This facility will be there definitely. As a Telugu man, my grandson may opt for the Telugu language and the syllabus for the same will be the same irrespective of the state and school. Balancing the resources as per the requirement across the country is what the MOE should see and instructions should be passed on to all the states in that connection so that all the schools across the state will have the minimum requirements mentioned by ETS.
    NCERT has to see that all state boards will implement the guidelines for maintaining uniform conditions in all educational Institutes. The present assessment work that is being done by ETS under PARAKH will make all of us know where the differences exist and what is to be done for uniformity. That way we all should welcome PARAKH. This exercise will definitely make a much-needed impact on the student community/

    always confident

  • #773648
    On 9 th June, St Stephen's college has released the cut- off for the general candidates interested to continue Honours for the different subjects being shown below-
    Economics - 99.5% ( For Commerce and Humanities students having passed 10+2)
    Economics - 98.75% ( For Science Stream students having passed 10+2)
    English ( Honours) - 99.0 % ( For students having passed 10+2 )
    Physics ( Honours) - 98.0% ( ———————do —————————)
    Mathematics ( Honours) - 98.5% ( —————do ————————)
    Computer- Science ( Honours) - 97.0% ( for having passed 10 +2)
    The scores as indicated above suggest how difficult it is to gain admission for such subjects in the same college who have passed out from the different state - boards due to their low marking system.
    Here it also reflects how some central board like CBSC award marks so liberally because of the existing patterns where objective types of questions are set and every right answer is to be rewarded 100% marks. In that sense, this board is superior in terms of awarding marks where as the students from other boards - particularly the students of state - boards are allowed to suffer for the no faults of their own.
    With the introduction of newly formed umbrella PARAKH, frustration of student- community could be resolved due to maintenance of uniform markings and this will ultimately create a fair opportunity of admission criteria in the colleges. At present, it is really hard to get admission in Honours in any subject for which the students are dreaming of. Even the top colleges of different prime cities have their higher cut - offs for the undergraduate - pass course programs.

  • #773649
    That is true. Even some state boards in South India award very high percentages of marks and their syllabus is not as difficult as that of CBSE. Many students used to opt for the State syllabus only when the seats for higher education were allocated based on the marks obtained in the qualifying examination. But after the introduction of the entrance test and as the tests based on the CBSE syllabus, many students started opting for CBSE and I know some schools who were having only state syllabi started offering CBSE syllabus also after obtaining the necessary affiliations from CBSE.
    This disparity will vanish once PARAKH is implemented across the country. All the students will have equal chances to get admission to higher studies based on their performance in the final examination.

    always confident

  • #773650
    It is indeed important to preserve the significance of regional languages, traditions and balance the resources of the region. Which will be framed by NCERT, no doubt. But I think the existing syllabus in a different region has widely inclusive of regional history, events and resources, which may not be possible for NCERT.

  • #773652
    Let us hope that PARAKH will be functional within a short time frame. It is very much natural that this authority will go in detail how best the course structure is be framed bringing uniformity in their syllabus. They would have elaborate discussions, interactions with the different professors, academics and scholars in formulating a realistic policy beneficial for the entire student- community.
    We can term the same as an incubation period where the teachers of the schools need to play a proactive role in stimulating the motivation of the students. They can take up the following steps -
    1) Since the teachers of secondary/ higher secondary are well experienced having vast knowledge in their respective subjects, they can advice the students regarding the best books available in the market to ensure that they could realise their dreams of getting seats in their chosen fields such as Engineering, Medical, Management etc. in this respect they should not hesitate in recommending NCERT text books if necessary even though they are the teachers of the state government schools.
    2) Since in both the streams - Engineering and Medical basics are to be understood fully so that they can attempt the questions confidently, NCERT books would help the aspirants to strengthen their basics. Their valuable advice would work as miracles.
    3) Teachers can work as the best guides explaining the time management techniques, noting down important points of every chapter recommended in the syllabus and other crucial points.
    4) They should encourage their students to take effective roles in the group discussions for which the school authorities should arrange seminars biweekly to enhance their communication skills.
    Though these points are not covered in the school premises but if implemented could yield outstanding results.

  • #773654
    It is good to have a very active Group discussion and many of the members came out with very good valid points.
    I conclude my participation with the following remarks.

    1. PARAKH will reduce the disparities in students of different Boards

    2. Making the syllabus almost similar and uniform across all the boards is welcome and will definitely yield good results.

    3. It is advantageous to have a uniform pattern of question paper setting and assessing the same across all the boards.

    With the above changes I think evaluating the calibre of a student will be on the same pattern and no bias will be there in evaluation. I envisage the cancellation of entrance tests once these changes are implemented and seats in higher education will be given on the basis of merit in qualifying examinations. It will remove a lot of stress from the student.

    When some changes are initiated we may face some minor problems that can be taken care of by proper planning and finding out remedies without moving away from the targetted path,

    I wholeheartedly welcome this.

    always confident

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