From Landlines to Cell Phones: Connecting India


This article is a timeline article about connecting India by communication technology. Read to know more about the landline telephones in 1970s to the modern cellphones of today.

Entry of Landline Telephones in India:


In the 1970's landline telephones were at rarity in India. In fact, they were so rare that elected members of parliament could allocate telephone facility to their favorites. At that time having a telephone at home was considered a standard in the society. The facility of telephones was enjoyed by top businessman, industrialists, bureaucrats and doctors at that time.

With the passage of time landline telephones started becoming a necessity and in the 1990's every home in the urban cities had a landline telephone. Gradually villages and other rural areas also got connected by telephones. Landline telephones filled the communication gap and relieved the people from time consuming letter-writing communication. Earlier, the call charges were very high per call and if one had to make a call to distant place, on had to book a trunk call and wait for hours to get connected.

Need of Better Coomunication: Entry of Mobile phones in India:


Looking into the need of communication among the people the technology advanced to provide more convenience to the customers.Slowly and gradually, technology developed and mobile phones popularly called 'cell phones' were introduced in the Indian market in late 1990's. In the beginning of 21st century, having a mobile phone in hand and talking to distant places without any cable connection was magic for the common masses in India. Rich classes could only afford the expense of mobile phones 10 years ago. Local calls, STD calls were very expensive in the beginning from mobile phones. Even rent was charged for receiving the calls on mobile phones.

As the years passed, mobile market explored itself to the fullest by spreading its market in the entire nation. A flood of mobile companies jumped into the market considering mobile market to flourish in the coming years. As a result, prices of mobiles fell down. Competition started between various mobile companies and cheapest mobile phones started coming in the Indian market that could be affordable by even low class masses.

Earlier there were only mobile brands like Nokia and Motorola. Now there are dozens of mobile brands in the market like Sony Ericcson, Samsung, Micromax, Lava, Sigmatel etc. Limited mobile connections was also a problem in the earlier days and as a result charges per call and sms were high. Now we have many connections like AirTel, BSNL, Reliance, Tata, Docomo, Aircel, STel, Idea etc.

If we look into the present India, it has become an astonishingly connected country. About 15 million cell phones are being sold in the Indian market within a month, which is a huge figure. Mobile market in India has left behind even US.


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