Bput 5th and 6th semester syllabus(ETC)

This is the syllabus of 5th & 6th semester syllabus of electronics and telecommunication branch of biju patnaik university and techonology.


Module – I
Ecological Concepts: Biotic components, Ecosystem Process: Energy, Food Chain, Water cycle, Oxygen cycle, Nitrogen cycle etc., Environmental gradients, Tolerance levels of environment factor, EU, US and Indian Environmental Law. Chemistry in Environmental Engineering: Atmospheric chemistry, Soil chemistry. Noise pollution- Noise standards, measurement and control. Water Treatment: water quality standards and parameters, Ground water. Water treatment processes, Pre-treatment of water, Conventional process, Advanced water treatment process.
Module – II
(a)Waste Water Treatment: DO and BOD of Waste water treatment process, pretreatment, primary and secondary treatment of waste water, Activated sludge treatment: Anaerobic digestion, Reactor configurations and methane production.
(b)Air Pollution : Air pollution and pollutants, criteria pollutants, Acid deposition, Global climate change –greenhouse gases, non-criteria pollutants, air pollution meteorology, Atmospheric dispersion. Industrial Air Emission Control. Flue gas desulphurization, NOx removal, Fugitive emissions.
(c) Solid waste, Hazardous waste management, Solid Waste Management, Source classification and composition of MSW: Separation, storage and transportation, Reuse and recycling, Waste Minimization Techniques. Hazardous Waste Management, Hazardous waste and their generation, Transportation and treatment: Incinerators, Inorganic waste treatment. E.I.A., Environmental auditing,
Module – III
Occupational Safety and Health Acts, Safety procedures, Type of Accidents, Chemical and Heat Burns, Prevention of Accidents involving Hazardous substances, Human error and Hazard Analysis. Hazard Control Measures in integratednsteel industry, Petroleum Refinery, L.P.G. Bottling, Pharmaceutical industry. Fire Prevention – Detection, Extinguishing Fire, Electrical Safety, Product Safety. Safety Management- Safety Handling and Storage of Hazardous Materials, Corrosive Substances, Gas Cylinders, Hydro Carbons and Wastes. Personal Protective Equipments.
Text Book :
1. Environmental Engineering Irwin/ McGraw Hill International Edition, 1997, G. Kiely,
2. Environmental Engineering by Prof B.K. Mohapatra, Dhanpat Rai & Co Publication
3. Industrial Safety Management, L. M. Deshmukh, Tata McGraw Hill Publication.
Reference Books
1. Environmental Engineering by Arcadio P. Sincero & Gergoria A. Sincero PHI Publication
2. Principles of Environmental Engineering and Science, M. L. Davis and S. J. Masen, McGraw Hill International Edition, 2004
3. Environmental Science, Curringham & Saigo, TMH,
4. Man and Environment by Dash & Mishra
5. An Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science by Gilbert M. Masters & Wendell P. Ela - PHI Publication.
6. Industrial Safety Management and Technology, Colling. D A – Prentice Hall, New Delhi.
Module I: Functions of Management
Concept of Management, Management as an Art or Science, The Process of Management, Managerial Skills, Good Managers are Born, not Made, Management is concerned with Ideas, Things and People, How a Manager Induces Workers to Put in Their Best, Levels and Types of Management, Evolution of Management Thought: Managerial Environment, The process of Management-Planning, Organizing, Directing, Staffing, Controlling.
Module II: Marketing Function of Management.
Modern Concept of Marketing, The Functional Classification of Marketing, Functions of a Marketing Management, Marketing Mix, Fundamental Needs of Customers, The Role of Distribution channels in Marketing, Advertising, Marketing, Consumerism and Environmentalism.
Module III: Financial Function & HRM Functions.
Financial Functions, Concept of Financial Management, Project Appraisal, Tools of Financial decisions making, Overview of Working Capital.
HRM Function of Management: Human Resource Management, Human Resource Development, Importance of HRM, Overview of Job Analysis, Job Description, Job Specification, Labour Turnover. Manpower Planning, Recruitment, Selection, Induction, Training and Development, Placement, Wage and Salary Administration, Performance Appraisal, Grievance Handling, Welfare Aspects.
Reference Books:
1. Business Organization & Management, CR Basu, TMH
2. Business Organization & Management, Tulsia, Pandey, Pearson
3. Marketing Management, Kotler, Keller, Koshi, Jha, Pearson
4. Financial Management, I.M. Pandey, Vikas
5. Human Resource Management, Aswasthapa, TMH.
6. Modern Business Organisation & Management by Sherlekar, Himalaya Publishing House.
Module-I : (12 Hours)
Introduction to Control Systems : Basic Concepts of Control Systems, Open loop and closed loop systems, Servo Mechanism/Tracking System, Regulators, Mathematical Models of Physical Systems: Differential Equations of Physical Systems: Mechanical Translational Systems, Mechanical Acceloroments, Retational systems, Gear Trains, Electrical Systems, Analogy between Mechanical and electrical quanties, Thermal systems, fluid systems, Derivation of Transfer functions, Block Diagram Algebra, Signal flow Graphs, Mason's Gain Formula. Feedback characteristics of Control Systems: Effect of negative feedback on sensitivity, bandwidth, Disturbance, linearizing effect of feedback, Regenerative feedback.
Control Components : D.C. Servomotors, A.C. Servomotors, A.C. Tachometer, Synchros, Stepper Motors.
Module-II : (15 Hours)
Time response Analysis : Standard Test Signals : Time response of first order systems to unit step and unit ramp inputs. Time Response of Second order systems to unit step input, Time Response specifications, Steady State Errors and Static Error Constants of different types of systems. Generalised error series and Gensalised error coefficients, Stability and Algebraic Criteria, concept of stability, Necessary conditions of stability, Hurwitz stability criterion, Routh stability criterion, Application of the Routh stability criterion to linear feedback system, Releative stability by shifting the origin in s-plane.
Root locus Technique: Root locus concepts, Rules of Construction of Root locus, Determination of Roots from Root locus for a specified open loop gain, Root contours, Systems with transportation lag. Effect of adding open loop poles and zeros on Root locus.
Module-III : (13 Hours)
Frequency Response Analysis : Frequency domain specifications, correlation between Time and Frequency Response with respect to second order system, Polar plots, Bode plot. Determination of Gain Margin and Phase Margin from Bode plot.
Stability in frequency domain : Principle of argument, Nyquist stability criterion, Application of Nyquist stability criterion for linear feedback system.
Closed loop frequency response : Constant Mcircles, Constant N-Circles, Nichol's chart.
Controllers : Concept of Proportional, Derivative and Integral Control actions, P, PD, PI, PID controllers. Zeigler-Nichols method of tuning PID controllers.
Text Books :
1. Modern Control Engineering by K. Ogata, 5th edition PHI.
2. Control Systems Engg. by I.J. Nagrath and M.Gopal, 5th Edition, New Age International Publishers (2010).
3. Modern Control Systems by Richard C.Dorf and Robert H. Bishop, 11th Ed (2009), Pearson
Reference Books :
1. Design of Feedback Control Systems by R.T. Stefani, B. Shahian, C.J. Savator, G.H. Hostetter, Fourth Edition (2009), Oxford University Press.
2. Control Systems (Principles and Design) by M.Gopal 3rd edition (2008), TMH.
3. Analysis of Linear Control Systems by R.L. Narasimham, I.K. International Publications
4. Control Systems Engineering by S.P. Eugene Xavier and J. Josheph Cyril Babu, 1st Edition (2004), S. Chand Co. Ltd.
5. Problems and solutions in Control System Engineering by S.N. Sivanandam and S.N. Deepa, Jaico Publishing House.
Module-I : (10 Hours)
Organization of Microprocessor
Introduction to the general concept of microprocessor organization, I/O sub-systems, programming the system, ALU, instruction execution, instruction word format, addressing modes, address/data/control bus, tristate bus, interfacing I/O devices, data transfer schemes, architectural advancements of microprocessor, evolution of microprocessors.
Module-II : (12 Hours)
Intel 8086- Hardware Architecture:
Introduction, Bus interface unit(BIU), Execution unit(EU), pin description, register organization, instruction pointer, data register, pointer and index registers, status register, stack, external memory addressing, bus cycle (minimum mode):memory or I/O read/write for minimum mode, clock generator Intel- 8284A, bidirectional bus trans-receiver 8286/8287, bus controller 8288, bus cycle memory read/write for minimum mode, 8086 system configuration (minimum mode as well as maximum mode), memory interfacing, interrupt processing; software interrupts, single step interrupt, non-maskable interrupt, maskable interrupt, interrupt priority, DMA, Halt State, Wait for Test state, comparison between 8086 an 8088.
Module-III : (13 Hours)
Instruction set and programming:
Programmer's model of Intel 8086, operand type, addressing modes 8086 assembler directives, instruction set, programming examples on data transfer group, arithmetic-logical groups, control transfer groups (loop and loop handling instruction), conditional and unconditional group, procedures and stack operations, string instructions.,branch program structure like IF-THEN-ELSE REPEAT-UNTIL and WHILE-DO,
I/O Interfacing ;
8-bit input- output port 8255 PPI, memory mapped i/o ports,8254 programmable Interval Timer, 8273 Programmable Direct Memory Access Controller, 8251 USART, 8279 Programmable Keyboard/Display Controller.
Text Books:
1.The 8088 and 8086 Microprocessors Programming, Interfacing, Softw, Hardware and Application; by Walter A. Triebel & Avtar Singh ; Pearson India.
2. Microprocessors and Interfacing; by Douglas V Hall ; McGraw Hill.
Reference Book:
1. Microprocessors and Micro controllers Architecture, programming and system Design 8085, 8086, 8051, 8096: by Krishna Kant; PHI.
2. The 8086 Microprocessor: Programming & Interfacing the PC- Kenneth J. Ayala, Delmar Cengage Learning, Indian Ed.
Module-I : (12 Hours)
SIGNALS AND SPECTRA:An Overview of Electronic Communication Systems, Signal and its Properties, Fourier Series Expansion and its Use, The Fourier Transform, Orthogonal Representation of Signal.
RANDOM VARIABLES AND PROCESSES: Probability, Random variables, Useful Probability Density functions, Useful Properties and Certain Application Issues.
AMPLITUDE MODULATION SYSTEMS: Need for Frequency translation, Amplitude Modulation(Double Side Band with Carrier DSB-C),Single Sideband Modulation(SSB) Other AM Techniques and Frequency Division Multiplexing ,Radio Transmitter and Receiver.
Module-II : (12 Hours)
ANGLE MODULATION: Angle Modulation, Tone Modulated FM Signal, Arbitrary Modulated FM signal, FM Modulators and Demodulators, Approximately Compatible SSB Systems.
Analog to Digital( Noisy Channel and Role of Repeater), Pulse Amplitude Modulation and Concept of Time division multiplexing ,Pulse Width Modulation and Pulse Position Modulation, Digital Representation of Analog Signal.
Module-III : (14 Hours)
MATHEMATICAL REPRESENTATION OF NOISE:Some Sources of Noise, Frequency-domain Representation of Noise ,Superposition of Noises, Linear Filtering of Noise.
NOISE IN AMPLITUDE MODULATION SYSTEM : Framework for Amplitude Demodulation, Single Sideband Suppressed Carrier(SSB-SC), Double Sideband Suppressed Carrier(DSB-SC), Double Sideband With Carrier(DSB-C).
NOISE IN FREQUENCY MODULATION SYSTEM : An FM Receiving System, Calculation of Signal to Noise Ratio, Comparison of FM and AM, Preemphasis and Deemphasis and SNR Improvement, Noise in Phase Modulation and Multiplexing Issues, Threshold in Frequency Modulation, Calculation of Threshold in an FM Discriminator, The FM Demodulator using Feedback(FMFB).
Essential Reading:
1. H. Taub, D. L Schilling, G. Saha; Principles of Communication System, 3rd Edition; 2008, Tata McGraw Hill, India; ISBN: 0070648115. (Selected portions from chapters: Chapter-1,Chapter-2, Chapter-3, Chapter-4, Chapter-5, Chapter-7, Chapter-8, Chapter-9)
Supplementary Reading:
1. Communication System Engineering,Second Edition by Masoud Salehi, John G. Proakis, ISBN: 0130950076 (paperback)
2. Analog Communication by Chandra Sekar, Oxford University Press.
3. Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, by B.P. Lathi, Oxford
Unit 1 (10 hours)
Fundamental of fiber optics, Different generations of optical fiber communication systems. Optical fiber structure, Fiber types, step index fiber and graded index fiber, ray propagation, total internal reflection, Numerical Aperature, acceptance angle. Wave propagation in a cylindrical wave guides, modal concept, V-number, power flow in step index fiber and graded index fiber, attenuation (absorbtion, scattering and bending) and dispersion (inter and intramodal, chromatic, wave guide and polarization) in fiber, dispersion shifted and dispersion flattened fiber
Unit 2 (12 hours)
Fiber fabrication, Double crucible method, Fiber optic cables, Connector and splice. Losses during coupling between source to fiber, fiber to fiber. Schemes for coupling improvement.
Optoelectronic Sources, LED, ILD,light source materials, Radiation Pattern modulation capability.
Unit 3 (13 hours)
Optoelectronic Detector, PIN AND APD, Responsivity,Band width, Detector noise ,equivalent circuit and SNR calculation.
Optoelectronic Modulators, Basic principle, Electro optic and Acousto optic modulators, Optical Amplifier, Semiconductor optical Amplifier and Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier, Solar cells, basic principle,heterojunction,cascadedsolar cell,Schottky Barrier cells,WDM components-couplers, isolators ,circulators, filters. Optical switching-self electro optic effect Device, switching speed and energy
Text Books
1. Fiber optics and Optoelectronics, R.P.Khare, Oxford University Press(selected sections from chapters 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9and10)
2. Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Pallab Bhatttacharya, second edition, Pearson Education (selected sections from chapters 10 and 11)
Reference Books
1. Fiber optic communications, Joseph C Palais, fourth edition, Pearson Education.
2. Optical Fiber Communications, Keiser G, 4th Edition Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited.
3. Optical Fiber Communication Principles and practice,Senior J,Prentice Hall of India.
MODULE-I (10 Hours)
1: Active Filters :Active Filters, Frequency response of Major Active filters, First order low-pass Butterworth filter: Filter Design, Frequency Scaling, Second-order low-pass Butterworth filter: First-order high-pass Butterworth filter, Second-order high-pass Butterworth filter, Band-pass filters: Wide band-pass Filter, Narrow Band-Pass Filter, Band-reject filters: Wide Band-Reject Filter, Narrow Band-Reject Filter, All-Pass filter.
2: Oscillators: Oscillators: Oscillator Principles, Oscillator Types, Quadrature Oscillator, Sawtooth wave generator, Voltage-controlled oscillator.
3: Comparators: Comparators: basic comparator, zero-crossing detector, Schmitt trigger, comparator characteristics, limitations of Op-Amp as comparators, voltage limiters.
MODULE-II (14 Hours)
4: Bistable Multivibrator: Bistable Multivibrator, fixed-bias bistable multivibrator, Loading, self-biased transistor binary, commutating capacitors, Triggering the binary, Unsymmetrical Triggering of the bistable multivibrator, Triggering Unsymmetrically through a Unilateral Device, Symmetrical Triggering, Triggering of a Bistable Multi Symmetrically without the Use of Auxiliary Diodes, Schmitt Trigger Circuit (Emitter-coupled Bistable Multivibrator).
5: Monostable and Astable Multivibrator: Monostable Multivibrator, Gate Width of a Collector-Coupled Monostable Multivibrator, Waveforms of the Collector-Coupled Monostable Multivibrator, Emitter-Coupled Monostable Multivibrator, Triggering of the Monostable Multivibrator. Astable Collector-Coupled Multivibrator, Emitter-coupled Astable multivibrator.
6: Wideband amplifiers: Wideband amplifiers: The Hybrid-p , High-frequency, Small-signal, Common-emitter Model, RC-Coupled Amplifier, Frequency Response of a Transistor Stage-The Short-Circuit Current Gain, Current Gain with Resistive Load, Transistor Amplifier Response taking Source Impedance into Account, Transient Response of a Transistor Stage, Cascaded CE Transistor Stages, Rise-time Response of Cascaded Stages, Shunt Compensation of a Transistor Stage in a Cascade, Rise Time of Cascaded Compensated Stages, Low frequency Compensation.
MODULE-III (12 Hours)
7: Negative Resistance Switching Devices: Voltage Controllable Negative resistance devices, Tunnel Diode operation and characteristics, Monostable Astable, Bistable circuits using tunnel diode, Voltage controlled Negative Resistance Switching Circuits.
8: Voltage and Current Time Base Generators: Time-Base Generators, General features of a Time-base signal, Methods of generating a voltage time-base waveform, Exponential sweep circuit, Miller and bootstrap time base generators-Basic principles, Transistor miller time base generator, Transistor bootstrap time base generator, Current Time-Base Generators, A Simple Current sweep, Linearity Correction through adjustment of driving waveform, Transistor current time base generator.
9: Specialized IC Applications: IC 555 Timer: IC 555 Timer as a Monostable Multivibrator and its applications, IC 555 Timer as Astable Multivibrator and its applications. Phase Locked Loop: Operating principle of PLL, Phase detectors, Exclusive-OR phase detector, Monolithic phase detector, Instrumentation Amplifier and its applications.
Text Books: 1. Pulse, Digital and switching Waveforms, Second Edition - Jacob Millman, Herbert Taub and Mothiki S Prakash Rao (TMH Publication). (Selected portion from Chapter 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13) 2. OP-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits- Ramakant A. Gayakwad (PHI Publication). (Selected portion from Chapter 7, 8 and 9) 3. Pulse & Digital Circuits by K.Venkata Rao, K Rama Sudha & G Manmadha Rao, Pearson Education, 2010. (Selected portions)
Reference Books: 1. OP-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits - Robert F. Coughlin, Frederick F. Driscoll (Pearson Education Publication).
2. Pulse and Digital Circuits by A. Anand Kumar, PHI.
MODULE – I (13 hours)
PN–Junction Diode and Schottky Diode: DC Current-Voltage Characteristics, Static Model, Large-Signal Model, Small-Signal Model, Schottky Diode and its Implementation in SPICE2, Temperature and Area Effects on the Diode Model Parameters, SPICE3, HSPICE and PSPICE Models
Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT): Transistor Conversions and Symbols, Ebers-Moll Static Model, Ebers-Moll Large-Signal Model, Ebers-Moll Small-Signal Model, Gummel-Poon Static Model, Gummel-Poon Large-Signal Model, Gummel-Poon Small-Signal Model, Temperature and Area Effects on the BJT Model Parameters, Power BJT Model, SPICE3, HSPICE and PSPICE Models
MODULE – II (11 hours)
Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Transistor (MOST): Structure and Operating Regions of the MOST, LEVEL1 Static Model, LEVEL2 Static Model, LEVEL1 and LEVEL2 Large-Signal Model, LEVEL3 Static Model, LEVEL3 Large-Signal Model, The Effect of Series Resistances, Small-Signal Models, The Effect of Temperature, BSIM1, BSIM2, SPICE3, HSPICE and PSPICE Models
MODULE – III (11 hours)
BJT Parameter Measurements: Input and Model Parameters, Parameter Measurements
MOST Parameter Measurements: LEVEL1 Model Parameters, LEVEL2 Model (Long-Channel) Parameters, LEVEL2 Model (Short-Channel) Parameters, LEVEL3 Model Parameters, Measurements of Capacitance, BSIM Model Parameter Extraction.
Noise and Distortions: Noise, Distortion.
1. Semiconductor Device Modeling with SPICE, Giuseppe Massobrio and Paolo Antognetti,Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
Reference Books:
1. Device Electronics for Integrated Circuits, 3rd edn., Richard S. Muller, Theodore I. Kamins, and Mansun Chan, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2003. ISBN: 0-471-59398-2. Listed as D
2. Devices for Integrated Circuits: Silicon and III-V Compound Semiconductors, H. Craig Casey, John Wiley, New York, 1999. Listed as DI
3. Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization, Dieter K. Schroder, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1990. Listed as S.
Module – I (10 hours)
Discrete-Time Signals and Systems:
Discrete-Time Signals: Some Elementary Discrete-Time signals, Classification of Discrete-Time Signals, Simple Manipulation; Discrete-Time Systems : Input-Output Description, Block Diagram Representation, Classification, Interconnection; Analysis of Discrete-Time LTI Systems: Techniques, Response of LTI Systems, Properties of Convolution, Causal LTI Systems, Stability of LTI Systems; Discrete-Time Systems Described by Difference Equations; Implementation of Discrete-Time Systems; Correlation of Discrete-Time Signals: Crosscorrelation and Autocorrelation Sequences, Properties.
Selected portions from Chapter 2 (2.1, 2.2, 2.3.1, 2.3.3, 2.3.4, 2.3.5, 2.3.6, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6.1, 2.6.2) of Textbook – I
Properties of Continuous-Time Systems:
Block Diagram and System Terminology, System Properties: Homogeneity, Time Invariance, Additivity, Linearity and Superposition, Stability, Causality.
Selected portions from Chapter 4 (4.2, 4.4) of Textbook – II
Module – II (12 hours)
The Continuous-Time Fourier Series:
Basic Concepts and Development of the Fourier Series, Calculation of the Fourier Series, Properties of the Fourier Series.
Selected portions from Chapter 8 (8.3, 8.4, 8.7) of Textbook – II
The Continuous-Time Fourier Transform:
Basic Concepts and Development of the Fourier Transform, Properties of the Continuous-Time Fourier Transform.
Selected portions from Chapter 10 (10.3, 10.6) of Textbook – II
Module- III (13 hours)
The Z-Transform and Its Application to the Analysis of LTI Systems:
The Z-Transform: The Direct Z-Transform, The Inverse Z-Transform; Properties of the Z-Transform; Rational Z-Transforms: Poles and Zeros, Pole Location and Time-Domain Behavior for Causal Signals, The System Function of a Linear Time-Invariant System; Inversion of the Z-Transforms: The Inversion of the Z-Transform by Power Series Expansion, The Inversion of the Z-Transform by Partial-Fraction Expansion; The One-sided Z-Transform: Definition and Properties, Solution of Difference Equations.
Selected portions from Chapter 3 (3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4.2, 3.4.3, 3.6.1, 3.6.2) of Textbook– I
The Discrete Fourier Transform: Its Properties and Applications:
Frequency Domain Sampling: The Discrete Fourier Transform; Properties of the DFT: Periodicity, Linearity, and Symmetry Properties, Multiplication of Two DFTs and Circular Convolution, Additional DFT Properties.
Selected portion from Chapter – 7 (7.1.2, 7.2.1, 7.2.2, 7.2.3) of Textbook – 1.
Text Books:
1. Digital Signal Processing – Principles, Algorithms and Applications by J. G. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, 4th Edition, Pearson.
2. Fundamentals of Signals and Systems - M. J. Roberts, TMH
Reference Book:
1. Signals and Systems - P. R. Rao, TMH.
2. Signals and Systems – A Nagoor Kani, TMH
3. Signals and Systems by Chi-Tsong Chen, Oxford
4. Principles of Signal Processing and Linear Systems, by B.P. Lathi, Oxford.
5. Principles of Linear Systems and Signals, by B.p. Lathi, Oxford
Unit-I (10 Hours)
Idea of Engineering optimization problems, Classification of optimization algorithms, Modeling of problems and principle of modeling.
Linear programming: Formulation of LPP, Graphical solution, Simplex method, Big-M method, Revised simplex method, Duality theory and its application, Dual simplex method , Sensitivity analysis in linear programming
Unit-II (10 Hours)
Transportation problems: Finding an initial basic feasible solution by Northwest Corner rule, Least Cost rule, Vogel's approximation method, Degeneracy, Optimality test, MODI method, Stepping stone method
Assignment problems: Hungarian method for solution of Assignment problems
Integer Programming: Branch and Bound algorithm for solution of integer Programming Problems
Queuing models: General characteristics, Markovian queuing model, M/M/1 model, Limited queue capacity, Multiple server, Finite sources, Queue discipline.
Unit-III (10 Hours)
Non-linear programming: Introduction to non-linear programming.
Unconstraint optimization: Fibonacci and Golden Section Search method.
Constrained optimization with equality constraint: Lagrange multiplier, Projected gradient method
Constrained optimization with inequality constraint: Kuhn-Tucker condition, Quadratic programming
Introduction to Genetic Algorithm.
Recommended text books
1. A. Ravindran, D. T. Philips, J. Solberg, " Operations Research- Principle and Practice", Second edition, Wiley India Pvt Ltd
2. Kalyanmoy Deb, " Optimization for Engineering Design", PHI Learning Pvt Ltd
Recommended Reference books:
1. Stephen G. Nash, A. Sofer, " Linear and Non-linear Programming", McGraw Hill
2. A.Ravindran, K.M.Ragsdell, G.V.Reklaitis," Engineering Optimization", Second edition, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd
3. H.A.Taha,A.M.Natarajan, P.Balasubramanie, A.Tamilarasi, "Operations Research", Eighth Edition, Pearson Education
4. F.S.Hiller, G.J.Lieberman, " Operations Research", Eighth Edition, Tata McDraw Hill
5. P.K.Gupta, D.S.Hira, "Operations Research", S.Chand and Company Ltd.
Module I : (10 hours)
Database System Architecture - Data Abstraction, Data Independence, Data Definitions and Data Manipulation Languages. Data models - Entity Relationship(ER), Mapping ER Model to Relational Model, Network .Relational and Object Oriented Data Models, Integrity Constraints and Data Manipulation Operations.
Module II : (12 hours)
Relation Query Languages, Relational Algebra and Relational Calculus, SQL.
Relational Database Design: Domain and Data dependency, Armstrong's Axioms, Normal Forms, Dependency Preservation, Lossless design.
Query Processing Strategy.
Module III: (10 hours)
Transaction processing: Recovery and Concurrency Control. Locking and Timestamp based Schedulers.
Database Recovery System: Types of Data Base failure & Types of Database Recovery, Recovery techniques
Text Books:
1. Database System Concepts by Sudarshan, Korth (McGraw-Hill Education )
2. Fundamentals of Database System By Elmasari & Navathe- Pearson Education
References Books:
(1) An introduction to Database System – Bipin Desai, Galgotia Publications
(2) Database System: concept, Design & Application by S.K.Singh (Pearson Ed)
(3) Database management system by leon &leon (Vikas publishing House).
(4) Fundamentals of Database Management System – Gillenson, Wiley India
(5) Database Modeling and Design: Logical Design by Toby J. Teorey, Sam S. Lightstone, and Tom Nadeau, 4th Ed., 2005, Elsevier India Publications, New Delhi
Module I (13 Hours)
(i) What is bioengineering: Engineering versus Science, Bioengineering, Biochemical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, and Career Opportunities.
(ii) Medical Instrumentation: Sources of Biomedical Signals, Basic medical Instrumentation system, Performance requirements of medical Instrumentation system, use of microprocessors in medical instruments, PC based medical Instruments, general constraints in design of medical Instrumentation system & Regulation of Medical devices.
(iii) Bioelectrical Signals & Electrodes: Origin of Bioelectric Signals, Electrocardiogram, Electroencephalogram, Electromyogram, Electrode-Tissue Interface, Polarization, Skin Contact Impedance, Motion Artifacts.
(Text Book-I-Chapter-0 , Text Book-II —Chapter-1, Text book-II- Chapter-2)
Module -II (14 Hours)
(iv) Electrodes for ECG: Limb Electrode, Floating Electrodes, Prejelled disposable Electrodes, Electrodes for EEG, Electrodes for EMG.
(v) Physiological Transducers: Introduction to Transducers, Classification of Transducers, Performance characteristics of Transducers, Displacement, Position and Motion Transducers.
(Text book-II- Chapter-2 , Text Book-II, Chapter- 3 )
Module –III (13 Hours)
(vi) Physiological Transducers: Strain gauge pressure transducers, Thermocouples, Electrical Resistance Thermometer, Thermister, Photovoltaic transducers, Photo emissive Cells & Biosensors or Biochemical sensor
(vii) Recording Systems: Basic Recording systems, General considerations for Signal conditioners, Preamplifiers, Differential Amplifier, Isolation Amplifier, Electrostatic and Electromagnetic Coupling to AC Signals, Proper Grounding (Common Impedance Coupling)
(Text Book-II, Chapter- 3, Text Book-II-Chapter-4 )
Text Books:-
1. Introduction to Biomedical Engineering by Michael M. Domach, Pearson Education Inc,-2004
2. II-Hand Book of Biomedical Instrumentation-2nd Ed by R.S.Khandpur, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.
Reference Books:
(1) Introduction to Biomedical equipment technology, 4e. By JOSEPH.J.CAAR
& JOHN M.BROWN (Pearson education publication)
(2) Medical Instrumentation-application & design. 3e – By JOHN.G.WEBSTER
John Wiley & sons publications
(3) Leslie. Cromwell – Biomedical instrumentation & measurements, 2e PH
I (4) Dr. M. Arumugam – Biomedical instrumentations, Anuradha Publishers.
Module-1 : ( 12 HOURS)
Introductory Lecture :-( 1 HOUR)
1. Basic functional concept of the body as whole & contribution of individual systems & their inter-dependence for achieving the goal.
2. Electrical properties of the Neurons. Electrical potentials, their nature, origin and propagation of AP and Non- propagatory potentials (Generator Potential, Receptor Potential).
3. Ionic currents, conductance and capacitance properties of excitable membranes. Basic idea on cable properties and core conductor theory. Velocity of conduction of Action Potential and factors influencing it. Compound Action Potentials. Equivalent electrical circuit diagram for neural membranes.
4. Muscle physiology in general. Functional difference between smooth, cardiac and skeletal muscle types. Muscles as energy transducer. Force-velocity and Load-Tension relationships. EPPs and EPSP, IPSP and MEPPs. Excitation, contraction coupling mechanism, Role of Ca++.
Module – 2: (12 Hours)
1. Respiratory pathways (upper and lower). Mechanism of respiration, feedback control mechanism of respiration.
2. Nephron structure and functions, counter current exchange mechanism. Voiding of urine, Reflex Control, Bladder Plasticity and Urine Volume relationship.
3. Body Temperature Regulation and role of Hypothalamic Thermostat. Responses to cold and warm environment. Thermo neutral range & Lethal Temperature concepts.
4. Blood as Newtonian fluid –Its physical properties. Haemodynamics, Blood pressure and its measuring techniques.
5. Feedback control of BP. Role of heart as pump. Regulation of cardiac pump – Extrinsic, Intrinsic factors, Auto regulation. Starling's Law. Pacemaker potentials. ECG – Its gross normal features. Means of recording.
Module -3: (12 Hours)
1. Hormones: classification, second messenger hypothesis, sources, half life, effective concentration, feed back control, & molecular mechanism of peptide & steroids hormones.
2. Receptors. The role of transducers. General and specific functional characteristics of Receptors Classification, Receptor Potential, Amplification and Propagation to CNS. Sound as stimulus. Quality of Sound.
3. Pitch, Loudness, SPL, Auditory receptor, genesis of potential change in the Internal ear. Mechanism of Hearing.
4. Optics of the EYE. Camera principles applied to the eye. Accommodation, Purkinje Shift, Electroretinogram (ERG), Electroocculogram (EOG).
5. Electroencephalography (EEG) – its basic principles. Electro-corticogram (ECOG). Neuro- physiological and Bioelectrical basis of Learning and Memory.
Reference Books:
1) Concise Medical Physiology By Chauduri
2) Anatomy and Physiology – Ross & Wilson, Churchill Livigstone publications.
3) Principles of Anatomy & Physiology – Tortora & Grabowski – Harper Collins College Publisher – latest edition.
4) J Gibson, Modern Physiology & Anatomy for Nurses; Black-well Scientific Publishers, 1981
Module – I 12 Hrs
Introduction to Java and Java programming Environment. Object Oriented Programming.
Fundamental Programming Structure: Data Types, variable, Typecasting Arrays, Operators and their precedence.
Control Flow: Java's Selection statements (if, switch, iteration, statement, while, do-while, for, Nested loop).
Concept of Objects and Classes, Using Exiting Classes building your own classes, constructor overloading, static , final, this keyword .
Inheritance: Using Super to Call Super class constructor, Method overriding, Dynamic method Dispatch, Using Abstract Classes, Using final with inheritance. The Object Class.
Packages & Interfaces : Packages, Access Protection, Importing package, Interface, Implementing Interfaces, variables in Interfaces, Interfaces can be extended.
Exception Handling: Fundamentals, Types Checked , Unchecked exceptions, Using try & catch, Multiple catch, throw , throws, finally, Java's Built in exceptions, user defined exception.
Module - II 12 Hrs
Multi Threading: Java Thread Model, Thread Priorities, Synchronization, Creating a thread, Creating Multiple threads, Using isAlive ( ) and join ( ), wait () & notify ( ).
String Handling: String constructors, String length, Character Extraction, String Comparison, Modifying a string.
Java I/O: Classes & Interfaces, Stream classes, Byte streams, Character streams, Serialization.
JDBC: Fundamentals, Type I, Type II, Type III, Type IV drivers.
Networking: Basics, Socket overview, Networking classes, & interfaces, TCP/IP client sockets, whois, URL format, URL connection, TCP/IP Server Sockets.
Module - III 12 Hrs
Applets: Basics, Architecture, Skeleton, The HTML APPLET Tag, Passing Parameters to Applets, Applet context and show documents ().
Event Handing: Delegation Event model, Event Classes, Event Listener Interfaces, Adapter classes.
AWT: AWT Classes window fundamentals, component, container, panel, Window, Frame , Canvas, Creating a frame window in an Applet , working with Graphics , Control Fundamentals , Layout managers, Handling Events by Extending AWT components.
Core java API package, reflection, Remote method Invocation (RMI)
Swing: J applet, Icons & Labels, Text fields, Buttons, Combo boxes, Tabbed panes, Scroll panes, Trees, Tables.
Exploring Java-lang: Simple type wrappers, Runtime memory management, object (using clone () and the cloneable Interface), Thread, Thread Group, Runnable.
Text Books:
1. Introduction to Java Programming: Liang, Pearson Education, 7th Edition.
2. Java The complete reference: Herbert Schildt, TMH, 5th Edition.
Reference Books:
1. Balguruswamy, Programming with JAVA, TMH.
2. Programming with Java: Bhave &. Patekar, Pearson Education.
3. Big Java: Horstman, Willey India, 2nd Edition.
4. Java Programming Advanced Topics: Wigglesworth, Cengage Learning.
5. Java How to Program: H.M. Deitel & Paul J. Deitel, PHI, 8th Edition.
List of Experiment :
1. Study of a dc motor driven position control system
2. Study of speed torque characteristics of two phase ac servomotor and determination of its transfer function
3. Obtain the frequency response of a lag and lead compensator
4. To observe the time response of a second order process with P, PI and PID control and apply PID control to servomotor
5. To study the characteristics of a relay and analyse the relay control system (Phase Plane)
6. To study and validate the controllers for a temperature control system
7. To study the position control system using Synchros
1. Measurement of unknown resistance, inductance and capacitance using bridges
2. To plot the displacement-voltage characteristics of the given LVDT
3. Measurement of temperature-voltage characteristics of J-type thermocouple
4. Use a strain gauge to plot the curve between strain applied to a beam and the output voltage
5. Study of resistance-voltage characteristics of Thermistors
6. To study on the interface of PLC with PC for data acquisition applications.
Equipment necessary:8086 training kit withWith minimum two line and 10 characters per line LCD displayOn-board single line/two pass assembler with all standard directives.ADC and DAC card.I/O port chipTimer Buffered standard portInterrupt controllerIBM PC Keyboard and Interface.Rs 232C Serial Interface.Standard MONITOR Program.PC based cross- assembler, editor, linker, binary code converter with up-load and down load facilities.50 MHZ DSO for measurement of timing diagram.Some interface cards like Stair case simulatorStepper motor control card with stepper motors.List of Experiments to be conducted.Part AStudy of 8086 kit and all the peripheral pin numbersDetail study of use of MONITOR program. Learn how to edit the program, assemble it and run it in all the different modes ( GO, step and Break-point mode. (2 Periods)Simple Programs to understand operation of different set of instructions likePrograms related to data transfer groupRelated to different addressing modes.Flag manipulation.Simple programs related to Arithmetic, logical, and shift operation.Loop and Branch InstructionsString operations.Stack manipulation and subroutine program. (5 Periods)
At least seven of the following list of experiments.
1. Arranging a set of date in ascending and descending order.
2. Finding out the number of positive, negative and zeros from a data set. 3. transfer of data from one memory location to another memory location.
4. Searching the existence of a certain data in a given data set.
5. Gray – to – Binary and Binary – to – Gray conversion and BCD – to –Binary and Binary – to – BCD Conversion
6. Design a Up/down Counter.
7. Multiply two 8 Bit numbers using Successive addition and shifting method.
8. Add a series of unsigned 8- Bit data. Extend the experiment to add signed number and multi byte numbers.
9. Generate a Square wave and rectangular wave of given frequency at the output pin of 8255 chip.
10. Finding out 10's complement of a 4- digit BCD number.
11. Add a series of Decimal numbers.
12. Division of 8 Bit unsigned numbers by two. Division of a unsigned numbers by two.
13. Disassembling of the given 2 digit decimal number into two nibbles.
14. Generation of different types of analog signal using DAC.
15. Sampling of analog signal using ADC.
16. A small project work for construction of a display system/ real time digital clock.
1. Analyze and plot the spectrum of following signals with aid of spectrum analyzer: Sine wave, square wave, triangle wave, saw-tooth wave of frequencies 1KHz, 10Khz, 50Khz, 100KKz and 1 MHz.
Experiment objective: Analysis of spectrum of different signals. Measurement of power associated with different harmonics in signals.
Equipment Required:
• Signal/ function generator- frequency range upto 1MHz, signal types: square, triangle, sinusoidal, saw-tooth, DC offset signal.
• Spectrum analyzer Upto 100MHz atleast.
2. Analyze the process of frequency division multiplexing and frequency division de-multiplexing.
Experiment objective: Demonstrate the process of multiplexing of signals in time and frequency domain.
Equipment Required:
• Frequency division multiplexing/ de-multiplexing experiment board.
3. Study and design of AM modulator and demodulator. (Full AM, SSB, DSBSC, SSBSC)
Experiment objective: Demonstrate the process of modulation and demodulation using AM. Measure different parameters associated with modulated signals. Analyze the spectrum of modulated signals.
Equipment Required:
• AM modulator/ demodulator experimental board.
• Function generator (sine, square, modulating signal), 1MHz maximum frequency
• CRO - 20MHz, dual trace
• Spectrum analyzer.
4. Study of FM modulation and Demodulation Techniques.
Experiment objective: Demonstrate the process of modulation and demodulation using FM. Measure different parameters associated with modulated signals. Analyze the spectrum of FM modulated signals and compare with theoretical bandwidth.
Equipment Required:
• FM modulator/ demodulator experimental board.
• Function generator (sine, square, modulating signal), 1MHz maximum frequency
• CRO - 20MHz, dual trace
• Spectrum analyzer.
5. Observer the process of PAM, quantization and determination of quantization noise.
Experiment objective: Demonstrate the process of PAM, PWM and PPM. Measure the spectrum of the PAM, PPM and PWM signals.
Equipment Required:
• Experiment board for PAM/ PPM/ PWM signal generation and detection
• Multiplexing board
6. Multiplex 2-4 PAM/ PPM and PWM signals.
Experiment objective: Demonstrate the process of multiplexing in time domain.
Equipment Required:
• Experiment board for PAM/ PPM/ PWM signal generation and detection
• Multiplexing board
7. Using MATLAB/ SCILAB generate a carrier and a modulating signal. Modulate the carrier using AM. Show the waveform in time domain and analyze its frequency spectrum. Repeat the simulation for modulating signal being square, triangular and other forms waveform.
8. Using MATLAB/ SCILAB generate a carrier and a modulating signal. Modulate the carrier using FM. Show the waveform in time domain and analyze its frequency spectrum. Repeat the simulation for modulating signal being square, triangular and other forms waveform.
• For experiment 7/8 MATLAB of current version/ scilab is required.
• Computer of good configuration
9. Using Lab-View software simulate AM modulation and demodulation system.
10. Using Lab-View software simulate FM modulation and demodulation system.
• For experiment 9/10 Lab-View of current version is required.
• Computer of good configuration
11. Design a receiver to demodulate and receive the signal from am AM radio station.
12. Design a receiver to demodulate and receive the signal from the local FM radio station.
• For experiment 11/12 following equipment is required
• Components of assorted values.
• AM and FM receiver ICs.
Experiment objective (for simulation exercises): Verify the process of modulation and demodulation in simulation environment. Analyze frequency spectrum of the signal after modulation and demodulation. Observe the modulated and demodulated signals for different forms of modulation signal

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