What is Mobile Number Portability in India?
As of today, if you are in India, and you are having problems with your new Mobile phone service operator and want to change to another operator, you will have to change the mobile number as well! Changing the mobile number is a problem when you have a lot of contacts. You will have to inform all the people in your phonebook about your new number. In addition to this, since the person who you have sent the information may or may not have noted the change in your number, it would create a problem for him as well as you again! Mobile Number Portability is a technique to solve this problem.
Using Mobile Number Portability, you can change the operator without having to change your number. So if you are using a mobile number (say) 9876543210 for and are using the service from some operator (say Reliance) and you want to switch over to another operator, say BSNL, then you will not have the need to change the number. So when Mobile Number Portability in India comes to effect, you will have the ease of having the same number while using any operator's service you want. Mobile Number Portability in India will offer you the freedom to select the operator whose network and the features you like without having to think 100 times about informing the change in your mobile number to your hundreds of friends and contacts! While this seems to be a dream for some people, it will be a reality in few days in India.
How much will Mobile Number Portability cost?
There were predictions before the implementation and the official announcement that the service might cost you an arm and a leg, but that is all proven wrong. While it might cost millions for the network operators and the government, it will cost a mere Rs. 19 for you! Most of us, especially those who needed the service would call it a small charge as it gives them a big relaxation. You don't have to be locked in to the pathetic plans of one single operator even if you do not like it, just for the sake of the number. The finer point here is that Rs. 19 is the 'maximum' amount that a network operator can charge you with, so maybe some operator would charge you nothing (and that means 'free') for the switching! As we have got the news, BSNL is offering any customer converting to their service from another telecom operator a free switch over and some additional talktime as well. That seems to be a good deal. But there is always a catch in such offers. You will find the catch later in the article.
How to retain mobile number after changing the operator by using the Mobile Portability Service in India?
While Mobile Number Portability is a buzzword these days, the bigger question is on how to change your operator after the facility has been provided! So here are the steps:
1. Send an SMS containing 'PORT' (without the quotes and in capital letters) to 1900.
2. After sometime (almost immediately), you will receive your UPC (Unique porting Code) on your mobile via a SMS.
3. Now you need to do what you did before to get a new connection, i.e. to go to a shop, pay Rs. 19 (or whatever the new operator asks for; Rs. 19 is the maximum) plus any other charges, like for the new SIM (yes, you will have to get another SIM card) and submit your documents and you should be able to use the new connection.
What has not been made clear is whether or not that new SIM will be usable immediately or not, or even when it will be usable. Since a switchover can be required by the customer immediately, the operators may not be that fast!
How much time does it take to change the operator having same mobile number using Mobile Number Portability in India?
TRAI has said that operators should get it done within 4 days, it may vary due to many factors and the use of the old or new SIM is an issue as of now! For example, if both the old and the new operators are fast enough, it would be a matter of minutes. But if they work slow at their offices, Mobile Number Portability may take days to please you.
Mobile Number Portability in India FAQ
How does Mobile Number Portability in India work?
The process of switching the operator technically called as 'Recipient-led". It is so because the process of taking control of your number is done by the 'new' network operator you are switching to. (Technically the old network is called as the 'Donor' and the new network operator is called the 'Recipient' in the terminology of Mobile Number Portability). So after you have followed the procedure to change the operator, your new network will contact the old operator to get control of your mobile number.
After the old operator has confirmed that the switch has to take place, the new operator will contact the Mobile Number Portability service provider (read the next paragraph) and update the necessary information in the database. After this, the new operator will have to take care of your number and you will have successfully used Mobile Number Portability to your benefit.
How will the 'calls' work after Mobile Number Portability in India is implemented?
Mobile Number Portability requires another player in the telecom field (apart from you, your old operator and the new operator). We call this as the MNP operator. Traditionally, numbers are divided into groups or series according to the operator and the telecom circle they operate in. e.g. 9035XXXXXX series would belong to Tata Docomo in Karnataka. Each operator knows all those number series. So when you make a call, the operator will look at the number series and transfer your call to the respective operator and region accordingly. When you use MNP system, this method does not work because anyone can be using any operator!
Mobile Number Portability in India will use the MNP CDB (Central Database) service from two operators (we will mention their names later in the article). The CDB or the central database is the place where the information about which number is allotted to which operator in which zone is kept. When Mobile Number Portability is implemented in whole country, all the calls will be routed with the help of these MNP operators. After the implementation of Mobile Number Portability in India, when you call a number, the information about the operator and the telecom circle will be obtained from the CDB maintained by the MNP Service provider. After this information is received, the call will be forwarded to the respective operator in the telecom circle which was reported by the MNP Service provider. While it is so simple to read an overview, it is difficult to implement (as experts say), but that is a different story.
Future of Mobile Number Portability in India
The future seems to be bright for this technology in India. The reason for being so is that currently, according to the government statistics, about 68% of all mobile customers change their mobile phone number at least once in a year. When Mobile Number Portability in India is complete, the number will drop significantly and only those people will change the numbers who really want to disconnect the mobile service or want to become anonymous again. There are many people who have been waiting for Mobile Number Portability in India to become existent. Now, they will be able to choose the best plan and the operator without having to change the number. Since the number of such people is quite large, Indian government is expecting that Mobile Number Portability in India will receive a warm welcome from the users, when it arrives.
How frequently can you change the mobile operator using Mobile Number Portability in India?
There is a 90 day limit on changing mobile operator using Mobile Number Portability in India. Since the process of changing the operator is complicated and it is possible that people would like to do it every second week, TRAI has put a regulation that once the number has been switched over to another network, it will not be switched over again unless 90 days are over. This is to keep the huge amounts of data transaction, losses to the telecom operators and the chaos in limit which TRAI has foreseen in the Mobile Number Portability service.
Benefits of Mobile Number Portability in India
Benefits of Mobile Number Portability in India to users
Following are the benefits that Indian people will get after Mobile Number Portability is implemented in India:
Benefits of Mobile Number Portability in India to operators
Perhaps it is the mobile operators and specially the 'new' mobile operators who will receive the most out of the Mobile Number Portability in India. Following are some of them:
Benefits of Mobile Number Portability in India to the Government
When making this change to one of the most flourishing and competitive market in India, the government has surely taken care of their interest. Some of the benefits that government will get are:
Problem of Mobile Number Portability in India
Problems of Mobile Number Portability in India to users
While Mobile Number Portability is a great technology, it may cause a few problems to the users. They might be as follows:
Problems of Mobile Number Portability in India to operators
While the operators gain the most out of this service, they also lose it the most! Following are some of the things which make the matter complicated for the operators:
Problems of Mobile Number Portability in India for Government
Once again, there are some quite new problems this technology will invite for the government when implemented. Some of them are:
Things that are not clear about Mobile Number Portability in India
When and where will Mobile Number Portability in India start?
It has been reported that the Haryana Telecom circle in India is the first one to have implemented the mobile number portability technology and the rest of the country will get the same by end of January, 2011.
Which service providers provide the Mobile Number Portability (MNP) service in India?
As we have said before, that the use of Mobile Number Portability service in India will require MNP service providers, it becomes a question – which company? Well, there is no single company here. The country has been divided into two zones as far as Mobile Number Portability is concerned. The first zone will be taken care of Syniverse, the other zone will be managed by Telcordia.
This resource of yours is brilliant and constitutes everything that people would look for about mobile number portability in India. But I feel that this resource is under-evaluated for Rs. 60. I do not understand the parameters which govern the approval and allotment of resources in ISC.
Very nice post from you, after reading this I remember my previous employer who has foreign client and our employer used to work for MNP poject in India as a BPO, handling MNP process (or LNP (Local Number Portability) process is of same), we used to migrate (Number portable) from one service provider to another one within exact date/time using various online tools access provided to us, it was our work over there. Anyhow, your above detail on MNP brings back to remember about it.
Congrats for quality post.
I am privileged to read one of such finest resources of yours in ISC. Though it was prepared for an competition entry, the spirit shown by you in the preparation and presentation is worth mentioning. As an individual, I have learned a lot from this resource about the contents and presentation etc.
We need more good topics as competition in ISC so that we extract the best from you. Keep it up. My best wishes.
thanku for aware with different issues of M.N.P, This is realy useful information.
thnx one again