Teacher Eligibility Test or TET criteria, syllabus, exam pattern and how to qualify TET

Teacher eligibility test or TET is now a deciding factor while you want to become a teacher. In this article you will get information about Teacher eligibility test criteria, syllabus, exam pattern and subjects you have to prepare for TET.

How to become a Teacher?

Teaching is the noblest of all jobs and the job of a teacher is the most respected job. Because teachers have the responsibility to shape the future of young generation, motivate them and guide them in the right way to achieve their goals in life. But to become a teacher is not an easy task. Moreover, the challenge that are involved in the Teaching jobs and the pay-package that is relatively lesser than the private sector are working as catalyst distract brilliant people away from the job.

Teaching jobs scenario in India

Studies and statistics show that the country needs trained teachers. Teaching positions are vacant in many institutions as a result of which the students are suffering loss. But factors like lack of trained teachers, state govt's unwillingness to appoint new teachers in vacant positions etc are affecting Teacher job scenario.

National Council for Teacher Education(NCTE) a statutory body of govt of India has now initiated new rules for recruitment of High school level teachers. Earlier a simple graduate degree was considered sufficient to be a teacher in High school level. And a plus two pass out could teach in primary level students. But now reputed private schools and Govt schools have make it mandatory to consider only trained teacher for various level of teaching. Like for Post Graduate Teachers(PGT)in Higher secondary level and Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) a B.Ed degree is must, for a Trained Primary Teacher post(PRT) a Montessori training certificate is a must now. Besides these two training, now NCTE has initiated a new criteria for teachers which is called TET. Everyone aspiring to be a teacher in lower high school level(especially) should pass the Teacher Eligibility Test(TET). As this exam is conduced by the state, the test is also called State-level teacher Eligibility Test(STET). It is a competitive exam and passing is once does not ensure that the certificate will be valid for a life-time.

Eligibility for TET or STET

B.Ed is a must to appear in the TET or STET. But the notable point is that the validity of the qualifying certificate B.Ed that is B.Ed will be decided by the State Govt/Union Territory govt or Central Govt organization. The certificate cannot be more than 7 years old.

Exam pattern of TET/STET

The exam pattern of TET/STET is much similar to any competitive exam. You will get 2 papers with objective multiple choice questions and in each paper there will be 150 questions. These questions are supposed to be different for different level of teaching. Here is an outline of question paper and their intended levels.

  • Paper I: For candidates who want to become teachers for classes I-V.
  • Paper II: For those want to teach students of VI to VIII.
  • Paper I and II: Candidates aspiring to teach classes from I to VIII will have to appear and qualify in both the papers I and II.

Syllabus for the TET/ STET

The syllabus for TET or STET covers 5 subjects or sections for paper I. You have to answer 30 objective type multiple questions in each section or each subject. And each of the questions will carry 1 mark each.

The duration of each paper in TET exam is one and a half hours.

Here are the papers subject-wise for TET/STET

1. Child development and pedagogy
2. Language I (the medium of instruction)
3. Language II (chosen from a list other than language I)
4. Mathematics
5. Environmental studies

Description of Question Paper of TET / STET

  • Child development and pedagogy: Here the questions will focus on educational psychology of teaching profession. This will measure the person's understanding of the characteristics as well needs of students of different learning groups.
  • Language I and II questions will be based on language proficiency, elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities of the candidate.
  • Questions for Mathematics paper for TET will focus on concepts and problem solving abilities of the candidate.
  • Environmental studies paper for TET will concentrate on the environmental awareness and knowledge of the candidate.
  • There will be 3 compulsory sections in Paper II on child development and pedagogy, language I and II.
  • For Mathematics and Science teachers in TET there will be 60 Multiple Choice questions of one mark each.
  • For Social studies teachers(SST) candidate there will be 60 Multiple Choice questions carrying 1(one) mark each.

How to qualify TET

To qualify Teacher eligibility test(TET), one needs to prepare according to the syllabus. Like any other competitive exam here to one must practice finishing their question paper withing the given time-frame. Basically preparing own subject thoroughly is a must and practicing multiple choice questions will help to qualify this exam.

Interested candidate who want more information regarding Teacher Eligibility Test in India may contact NCTE and keep an eye on the bulletins and advertisements published from time to time.

Contact details of NCTE

Hans Bhawan, Wing II,
1- Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg,
New Delhi – 110 002.
Website: http://www.ncte-india.org/

Article by Runa N Borah
Runa is a Content writer and blogger. She has started as an Expert in Relationship and Career counselling for various websites. She has been an Editor at ISC for several years and now concentrates on Article writing for ISC and her numerous blogs.

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Author: Runa N Borah15 Mar 2011 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 1

Hello Omkar,

This is my pleasure that my article has helped you.

Coming to the point, to become a teacher you must qualify the TET/STET. But it is not clearly stated in the official website of NCTE that you should possess B.Ed degree. But as B.Ed is a must for teaching in high School level so if is by default mundatory to have it before applying for any school or TET for that matter.

But now having a B.Ed degree is not enough, you have to qualify the TET also. All the teachers who are working presently should pass the TET exam.

Runa Borah.

Author: Runa N Borah11 Apr 2011 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 1

Hello Piyush,

This depends upon whether the institute you are studying is a recognized one or not. Graduates from any recognized university can appear for TET.

However, you can find the right information by calling the public information officer of NCTE. The phone is obtained from the official website of NCTE. Public information officers contact numbers are 011-23370141,
Fax No. : 011-23370128
E-mail : pio@ncte-india.org.

Runa Borah.

Author: Runa N Borah20 Dec 2012 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 3

@Rajeev Chauhan,

In general 'Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed)' is the general criteria for appearing TET/CTET. There are different kind of eligibility criteria for different level of TET like Elementary level, Primary stage etc.

In case of relaxation as far as I know there are different rules as per different boards. Mostly for OBC/ST/SC only age relaxation is provided.

Author: Runa N Borah20 Dec 2012 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 3

@K Selvakumaran,

TET exam of Tamilnadu states for 2012 was held on 03-06-12 for which applications were invited during the month of March. In fact the last date of receipt of Application for TET 2012 was 04.04.2012.

Please keep a tab on the news papers during Feb to March in the year when you want to appear for TET 2012 /next year. All the best.

Author: Farheen Khan27 Dec 2012 Member Level: Gold   Points : 2


I wanted to ask if there is a paper for PGT teachers as well (for teaching 11th and 12th). As you mentioned the papers I and II are for class I to VIII, what about higher classes? Is there a separate paper or are those teachers not required to give CTET at all?


Author: Runa N Borah27 Dec 2012 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 2

Dear Faheen Khan,
For teaching in 11th and 12th CTET/TET is not required as of now. TET/CTET official website has cited eligibilty criteria for two stages only Classes I-V as first stage and VI-VIII as second stage. So you do not need to appear for TET for teaching in 11th and 12 classes.

Guest Author: Jayapal26 May 2013

sir i have completed m.com but doing b.ed second year in correspondence now tell me my eligibilty status is tet/ trb in tamilnadu my mail id is ckrjdl@rediffmail.com

Author: Runa N Borah26 May 2013 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 3


To know this you have to read the TET exam announcement advertisement of Tamilnadu properly. Because if it is mentioned on the advertisement that 'student appearing B.Ed final exam can apply' then only you can apply.

Moreover, for CTET/CBSE TET, they approve B.Ed degree from only institutes that are recongnized by NCTE. Please check whether your B.Ed college is a recognized institute by NCTE or not.

Guest Author: shruti gupta14 Feb 2014

Respected Author,

I want to know that is B.ed compulsory for the Music Student who is already NET Qualified?
Shruti Gupta

Author: nishi mishra27 Dec 2014 Member Level: Bronze   Points : 1

why it is necessary to do B.ed for teaching. A person who passes the exam conducted by authority or government should be eligible for teaching.

Guest Author: Tapas Kumar Sarbabho19 Feb 2015

Sir, if you send me the subject wise syllabus of primary then then I will be highly obliged.

Guest Author: jyoti24 Feb 2015

hello sir I am B.Ed from Hindi Sahitya smmllen from Allahabad. Am I eligible for that? please reply me or email me.

Guest Author: Syed Zahoor02 Aug 2015

Can anyone help me by sending complete subject wise syllabus and old papers for practice?

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