Right of children to free and compulsory education act 2009

This article includes the salient feature of Right of children to free and compulsory education act 2009. I have discussed some of the important points of RTE act for quick reference. This article will immensely help all teachers, students and parents of India.

Education is the right of each and every children of India. The Right to Education (RTE) bill was passed in the parliament and subsequently got the assent of President of India on 26th August, 2009. An amendment to the Right to Education is recently carried out in the Indian Constitution. This bill particularly focused on the children in between the age group of 6- 14 years. No children of this age group should be deprived of getting free and compulsory education. This act envisages, denying of any child from getting admission in school under any circumstances will be deemed as violation of <>b Right to Education. Children can't be struck off from their roll under any cause. It is the responsibility of the teaching community to bring back all those students back to school who dropped out for various reasons.

What are the Salient features of Right to Education.?

It includes many important points for the betterment of children in the field of education. In the past we could notice many incidence of denying admission for the want of birth certificate and many more. But this act made a full stop for all those untold difficulties faced by the children along with their parents. The points are as follows:
  1. If a child could not get admission in any school due to one or other reason and not completed the elementary education should be admitted in the class with respect to his /her age.
  2. No discrimination should be allowed in schools with respect to caste, creed, religion, financial status, social status etc.
  3. The child has the right to transfer from one school to other for completing his/her elementary education.
  4. It is the responsibility of Government to provide the pre-school education facility to all those children in between 3-5 years.
  5. No fees should be collected from the children such as admission fee, sports fee or any other allied fee since it is purely a free and compulsory education
  6. Demanding birth certificate shouldn't be a criteria for getting admission.
  7. No children can be detained in the same class till he /she completes his/her elementary education.
  8. School Managing committee should be formed with respecting the guidelines issued thereon.
  9. No teacher can be engaged in any kind of non-educational task with the provision to participate in census, relief work, election and any other similar national task.
  10. Teachers should not conduct private teaching.

Pupil teacher ratio recommended in the RTE:

In the government gazette of RTE, it is recommended for the primary classes, the pupil teacher ratio should no exceed 1:40. It is clearly clarified that there will not be any single teacher school in the future. Minimum number of teacher suggested for any primary school is 2.
From class I to class v:
  • upto 60 students - there will be two teacher.
  • from 60 - 90 students - three teacher
  • from 90- 120 students - four teacher.
  • from 120- 200 students - five teacher.
  • above 150 children - five teacher and one head teacher will be posted.

This bifurcation reveals there will not be any single teacher school.

From Class VI to Class VIII :
The pupil teacher ratio recommended for the middle classes is 1: 35.
  • Above one hundred students - there will be a head teacher posted in the school.

Apart from the above, it also emphasized to improve the infrastructure facilities in the schools such as drinking water facilities, separate toilet for boys and girls, sufficient number of class rooms etc.


This article is not complete in all respect but tried to highlight some of the important points listed in the government gazette of RTE. I would say the Right of children to free and compulsory education act 2009is really a blessing for all children of India and hope to bring a drastic change in the present system of Education in India. It is my humble request to all my fellow citizen of India to bring all children under the roof of education. No child should be deprived of getting free and compulsory education in India.
Literate people, Literate India

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