Importance of Wildlife

Wildlife plays an important role in balancing the environment. Wild life provides a stability to different natural processes of nature. The importance of wildlife can be categorized as ecological importance, economic importance, investigatory importance, conservation of biological diversities etc.

1. Ecological importance

Wildlife helps in maintaining the balance of nature. Killing of carnivores leads to an increase in the number of herbivores which in turn affect the forest vegetation, thus due to lack of food in the forest they come out from the forest to agriculture land and destroy our crops. Therefore, once the equilibrium is disturbed it leads to many problems.

2. Economic importance

The wild life can be used to earn money. Wild plant products like food, medicine, timber, fibres, etc. are of economic value and the wild animal products such as meat, medicines, hide, ivory, lac, silk, etc. are of tremendous economic value.

3. Investigatory importance

Some wild organisms are used for scientific experiments such as to test effect of medicine. Generally monkey, chimpanzee, etc. are used for scientific experiments.

4. Conservation of biological diversities

By conserving wildlife, diversity in the environment can be conserved. According to some scientists an ecosystem with more diversity is more stable.

5. As a gene bank

Group of genes of a population of any particular area is called as gene bank. To produce disease resistant variety diversity in gene bank is necessary.

6. Recreation

A visit to the parks and sanctuaries is an enjoyable proposition for children as well as adult. Thus, wildlife is best means of recreation.

7. Cultural importance

The wildlife of India has rooted effects on religion, art, sculpture and literature. Many mythological stories and children's stories are based on wildlife.

8. Importance in agriculture

Wild organisms are very important for modern agriculture. Importance of wildlife in agriculture field are as follows :
1. Production of new hybrid variety using wild plants.
2. Production of better hybrid variety of animals used for agriculture using wild animals.
3. New species of plants and animals can be produced by them.

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