Classification And Benefits Of Some Medicinal Plants

Trees and plants are very helpful for food, house, and clothes; apart from this, these are very helpful for medicinal uses. There is no such tree/plant in the world, which are not having medicinal qualities. Plant’s root, leaf, flower, fruit, seed, skin, & stem are very helpful for medicinal uses. 85 percentage of Ayurvedic medicinal components were collected from forests and jungles. Some of the important medicinal plants are Amla, Ashwagandha, Plectranthus barbatus, Safed Musli, & Sarpagandha.

1. Amla (Emblica Officinalis)

Botanical Name: Emblica Officinalis
Family: Euphorbiaaceae
Height: Average
Age: 40-50 yr
Flower: Greenish Yellow
Fruit: Round shaped; green or yellowish Green; three seeds in each fruit.
Leaf: Small & straight.

Medicinal quality:
- Rich with Vitamin 'C' (60-70%), rest with Iron, Calcium, Phosphorus, Tannin, Fat etc.

Medicinal uses:
- Amla cures Diabetes, Gastric, Blindness, Heart disorder, Skin disease, Stomachache, etc.
- Used for Diarrhea, Indigestion, Cold, Infection, Jaundice, etc.
- Used as pickles, drinks and other eatables.

2. Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera)

Botanical Name: Withania Somnifera
Family: Solanacea
Height: four to five feet
Flower: Greenish Yellow
Fruit: Round shaped, Yellowish Green, covered with leaf brackets

Medicinal quality:
- There are 13 types of Alkaloid present in its root. Its amount is 0.13 to 0.31%.
- Presence of Withananine and Somniferinine alkaloids makes this very costly medicine.
- Other than there are many types of steroids and lactones present in the root and leaf.

Medicinal uses:
- It cures mental disorder, impotency, and acidity
- Preventive for joint pain, swelling, and stomach infection
- Controls high blood pressure
- Used in sexual medicines
- Good for female; especially before and after pregnancy
- Cures white discharge and body-pain.
- Keeps healthy, beauty and gives energy to the body.

3. Plectranthus barbatus (Coleus Forskohlii)

Botanical name: Coleus forskohlii
Family: Lamiaceae
Height: Nearly 2 – 2.5 feet
Root: Thick & small as Radish
Stem: Round and Plain
Leaf: Thick & Egg shaped
Flower: Blue & Violet, as Tulsi flowers

Medicinal quality:
- Root and leaf are very therapeutic.
- Forskolin is the main medicinal standpoint of this.

Medicinal uses:
- Leaf juice helps to cure cough, cold and fever in babies.
- Cures heart diseases, chest pain, etc.
- Used as medicine for urine diseases, genial diseases, eye disease, bronchitis etc.
- Root is used for kidney stone, cancer etc.

4. Safed Musli (Chlorophytum Borivilianum)

safed musli
Botanical name: Chlorophytum Borivilianum
Family: Liliaceae
Leaf: Light yellow, 1.5' long and 1/2"wide
Stem: comprises with root; not visible

Medicinal quality:
- Contains nearly 39-42 % alkaloids, 0.5% protein, 2-4 % saponin, 40-45 % polysaccaroids
- Calcium and salt is also present in it

Medicinal uses:
- Controls high blood pressure, joint pain, diabetes, impotency, etc
- Cures Vata, Pita, female diseases, heart diseases etc.

5. Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia Serpentina)

Botanical name: Rauwolfia Serpentina
Family: Apocynaceae
Height: Three feet
Flower: White & Rosy colored
Fruit: Small & round shaped

Medicinal quality:
- The root is very helpful. There are 30 types of alkaloids present in skin of its root. The average alkaloid present in its root is 0.3 to 3.
- Reserpine alkaloid helps for high blood pressure.
- Other alkaloids present in it are roulfinine, rescinnamine, serptinine, yohimbine, ajmaline, etc.

Medicinal uses:
- Helpful for high blood pressure and mental disorder
- Cures cough and Vata
- Useful against bites of poisonous insects/serpents.
- Reliefs from pain and burning.

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Guest Author: Hari Prasad23 Aug 2013

Ayurvedic products are not providing so effective results in comparison to modern approved medicines. Please assure me.

Guest Author: Aindri09 Jan 2014

Why is there no information given about tendencies to aggravate or pacify Vata, Pitta or Kapha for these medicinal plants? India has SO much to offer in the Ayurvedic procedures for treatment of dis-ease..... yet nothing is mentioned here??

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