The rising scenarios of Information Technology in India


This article is about Information Technology in India. The scenarios of Information technology in India government and private sector, as well as the earliest, current and future facets of progress. India is one of the major Information technology professional producing countries of world; it also one of the strongest backbone of Indian economical growth. More information is mentioned in this article.

Technology in India:


India's technology started from our many prominent scientists and scholars from the British period; such as, Sir J.C. Bose, Satyendra Nath Bose, Sir C.V. Raman, Homi Bhabha, S. Ramanujan, Vikram Sarabhai, Hargobind Khorana and more. India's technology consists of automobile engineering, space science, nuclear science, polar science at Antarctic, communication, and information technology etc. The information technology started in 1960s grows very fast and still growing dynamically. Information technology is a part of all other technology which facilitates to endorse enhancing the business and supports the country and its mankind. Tele-communication is also a part of IT industry, which moves rapidly towards making India the 12th largest country of Internet-broadband users, i.e. more than 10% of population are the Internet users at now. In the same time, India is the second country following to China in mobile phone users. Number of mobile phone users in India is about 84 billion (70% of India' population), whereas China's users are about 90 billion (67% of China's population).

Commencement of IT in India:

Information Technology in India first established by Tata Group in 1968. Tata Consultancy Services, Mumbai first joined with United States' Boroughs a mainframe manufacturer to supply software programmers; which first denied by the India govt. where else there was no rule for software at that time. Software or IT was not an "Industry" for India Govt. to access or grant any kind of business and developing programs. In 1970s, State govt. are controlling the country's economy not willing to promote Information Technology, as the hardware and software rates are very huge to export from other countries. It was more than that of 100%. Indian bankers too feared to provide loans to promote this.
In 1984, Mr. Rajiv Gandhi created a New Computer Policy that reduced the price rate of exporting IT resources from foreign countries and opened the gateway to the IT industry.

Government IT sectors:

The first software export zone Santacruz Electronics Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ) was created as a special economic zone India at Mumbai. The basic business imparts electronics and diamond. Department of Information Technology (DIT) under Ministry of Communications and Information Technology is totally impart the Information technology education, research, development, IT-Science, e-commerce, rules, regulations, and systems of Internet law or policies. DIT also undertake the functions of National Informatics Centre (NIC), Electronics Export and Computer Software Promotion Council, promoting electronics and IT-enabled service, caring and managing IT related laws such as Cyber Laws, promoting IT-education, interacting international IT governing organizations, standardizing and certifying IT products etc.

India Government's enterprises in information technology are, Software Technology Parks (STPs), Special Economic Zones (SEZs), Electronics Hardware Technology Parks (EHTPs), Export Oriented Units (EOUs), Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCGs) etc.

Private IT sectors:

The business of Private IT sector exists in the areas of satellite based communication wireless, software development, IT-BPO, IT-enabled services, IT-enabled education, Optic Fibre cables, communications, Gateways, server farming etc. The top most IT companies in India are Tata Consultancy Services Ltd, Wipro, Infosys, and Satyam computers. Other than this IBM, HCL, Patni, Cisco, Cognizant, Polaris and many more leading IT companies are in India. The top IT hubs in India are:
  • Silicon Valley of India at Bengaluru;
  • Software exporter companies are Chennai;
  • Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation's IT-parks at Hyderabad and other cities;
  • Vansum Industries Pune IT-park;
  • BPO/ITES sectors at Coimbatore;
  • IT and BPO industries at Mumbai, Jaipur and Bhubaneswar;
  • National Capital Region (NCR) consists of Delhi, and nearby cities;
  • Eastern IT hub at Kolkata.

Present IT scenarios:

The current scenario of Information Technology in India is very brisk and reviving. Information technology is spread over and involved in every sector, whether related to education, farming, health-hospitality, research-development, weather-environment, communication, banking, travel, share-marketing and many more factors. Without IT, as per my opinion after ten years, is difficult to move and work.

The information technology in India first started on 1968 by Tata Group's Tata Consultancy Services. As per the history says, Jawaharlal Nehru first acquired the EVS EM computer from Soviet Union, which was used in space science research. Later, 18th August 1951, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur established followed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It was the beginning and gateway to the Indian students to technology world of education. This emphasizes not only requirement in the field of education and further job or profession; but also necessity to every people of a developing and developed country. How means, from filing up a form in a school-college-university; booking a ticket at railway-bus-airways counter; depositing-insuring-shaving money for your future or next generation; knowing the forecast of earthquake-tsunami-volcano-tornado; communicating people through mobile or internet; hospitalizing or scrutinizing any kind of operation and hazards; everywhere it is required. And this is what; we called as IT Age to this world.

Conclusion on future of IT in India:

If we go through the last 20 years performance and progress of Information technology in India, it is clearly visible how India's economy emerging in the world podium. India's revenue from IT-BPO is more than 50 billion US dollar, which is uttermost in Asian countries. As per the IT experts' prediction, e-commerce the internet rebellion is changing the world's business pattern. The Indian emerging economy is also threatening US and European countries; as they're fighting to resolve their debts caused by high unemployment and growing businesses by Indian conglomerates. It may be a terrible situation for US and Europe, but Indian IT sectors never sit quite, now moving towards middle east and Asian countries in these days.

Infosys Chief N. R. Narayan Murthy recently said as the Indian IT sector is going to reach $300 billion and also reduced the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), science and technology is expanding in the fields of research and education in India. Many courses such as computer management, computer engineering, computer application, computer science's master and degree courses are being offered through various institutions in India and abroad. The vigorous rising in IT features creates a hope to the students to be part to perform and get a standard profession. Department of Electronics Accreditation of Computer Courses (DOEACC)'s "O" Level course and NIIT's various IT based professional courses are also keeps hope for the students to participate in this new generation rivalry.

As per the future concerning of IT, the IT holders are no doubt could not be vacates and worry to get any job. There are many openings in private and govt. sector such as software programmers, hardware engineers, design engineers, web designers, system analysts, animators, webmasters, multimedia creators, accountants, clerks, senior managers in IT in fields like, IT-enabled companies, developing franchisees/companies, web hosting corporations, BPOs, banking, financing, entertainment, education, research, web science etc.


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