The prayer in Sanskrit -Taken from Brhadaranyaka Upanishad — I.III.28. -With the help of Vedanta.
Asato ma sadgamaya
Tamaso ma jyotirgamaya
Mrtyorma amrtam gamaya
Each line in English
Lead, me from LIE to TRUTH
Lead, me from DARKNESS to LIGHT
Lead, me from DEATH to IMMORTALTIY
Truth, existence and reality are one and the same, according to Advaita, In Indian philosophy the truth has been successfully dissected by its concept. Advaita says that in all the three periods if the truth exist means it is a real truth. If it is not existed in any of the form in any of the period means it is not an ultimate real.
The first line explains the same to us. Always we should remember to know ourselves. Ultimate goal is to attain the knowledge to know the reality in life. Once you are far away from all the un-realistic things like daily needs. So this is not a prayer asking money, shelter, food, fame, cloth, success, health etc.
So we have to decide which is true.
Pure bliss, pure consciousness and pure existence is said to be as reality.
The second line explains how to lead the life towards knowledge from ignorance which obscures our mind to understand the reality. As our body keeps generating the cells, our Universe with a constant flux, and the earth with constant distance at every moment of time with other astral bodies, we have to travel from darkness to light and death to life. It is also a constant change. Nothing in this world is constant. You feel happy, tomorrow you may be sad, yesterday you might have cried for something. These things are not at all real and constant. As like the universe is a constant change, we should be too.
As we know already that energy nor created or destroyed like soul. We shouldn't be very keen to love this body. It is unreal. Our soul is real. That's a constant change. This is the meaning given in the third line of the prayer.
We are leading life journey of knowledge. To know what is self, and to know what we misunderstood from what is truly "I" .
What the mantras really means is "God, please lead me to the understanding that I am not the limited body, mind and intellect, but I am, was and always will be that eternal, absolute, blissful consciousness that serves as their substratum."
-Taken from Brhadaranyaka Upanishad — I.III.28.
-With the help of Vedanta.