Waste management in India

In this article the author brings out his own thinking about the wastes and its nature and its means of disposal. The entire article is the creation of the author without reference to any others ideas or thinking. It is the authors own study and simple analysis about the waste and its disposal management. It is a very simple article to understand the basics of waste and disposal.


Life is to live and enjoy. Nature has provided everything that we need for a happy living. It is the duty of every individual to look after his health for peaceful living. We accept many things as useful and reject few things as useless. While we consume and use the useful materials, we should keep away the useless items that it does not become harmful to self and others. Such a useless items are called the wastes. It is quiet essential that we should know how to manage the disposal of such wastes in our life.

What is a waste

Anything which does not give a taste is called a waste. Taste does not mean only the taste to tongue. There are various tastes – taste to mind , taste to body, taste to the public, taste to the nature. If such taste to tongue, body, mind, the public and environment are not of good taste , then it is considered as waste that is not useful for any purpose . Here we are discussing about material waste only. In simple language we can say that taste is useful and waste is useless.

Types of wastes

Wastes can be categorized as – Domestic waste, Industrial waste, Medical waste, atmospheric waste and public waste and nuclear waste.

Domestic waste

This is the waste that accumulates in our houses such as food wastes, unused and misfitting textiles, garbage,writing materials like papers and use and throw pens, obsolete magazines and daily news papers etc;

Industrial waste

Cut metal pieces, left out water after its use, unused chemicals and other unused materials, Automobiles wastes like used lubricants etc;

Medical waste

Expired medicines, used stringe, empty medicine bottles, used bandages, unused chemicals from lab, strained clothes etc;

Atmospheric or natures waste

This is the waste accumulated through felling of tree leaves, dried plant leaves, dried up fruits , articles swept by wind and rain etc;

Public waste

The waste accumulated by the use of public on the roadside shops, in public transports, dropped items, wrappers thrown on the roadsides, unsold and spoiled vegetables and fruits, carry bags used by the individuals thrown after use etc;

Nuclear waste

All wastes emanating from Nuclear reactors after its use for generation of electricity. Especially this is the water content which needs to be disposed into sea

Existing practice of disposal of wastes

The domestic wastes are collected and thrown into garbage drum or thrown in a corner place available closely to the residence. In town or small cities the garbage drum is cleared regularly. But in villages the domestic garbage accumulates within the village and not cleared but dumped and covered.

The Industrial wastes are disposed as follows: Metals – sold , Liquid or water – spread out to the surrounding or connected to drainage , Chemicals dumped and covered

Medical wastes are disposed properly in large hospitals by burning or burying. Small hospitals throw them in the near by garbage bins.

Atmospheric wastes remain in as and where condition and circulates with wind and rain. Not managed.

Public wastes also not cared by the public or corporation or municipality and they are also prone to circulation through wind and rain. Our Indian roads are not clean but filthy at all times due to public wastes

How effective is the waste management in villages cities and metropolis

In villages – There is no waste disposal management

In small cities of Municipalities – Garbage drums are place in specified areas – collected by garbage trucks and dumped in dumping grounds.

In metropolitan cities – Waste disposal management is effective for clearing garbage through trucks in few areas only . Major portion of the city stinks with garbage.

Suggested means of waste disposal

Reuse -The wastes considered to be useless by one section can be used by other section of people who feels it useful.
Recycle - All the useless wastes can be crushed and used to produce useful articles.
Reproduce-All useless materials of similar type can be crushed together and the same item can be reproduced as new.

Methods suggested for implementation

  • Every metropolitan city, District headquarters, and town panchayats should have centre called Waste disposal management centre functioning under the state government.

  • Sufficient man power and machinery should be available for collection and disposal of wastes viz. the trucks, Tippers, cranes, JCBs etc

  • Every city or town should have an area marked for dumping of wastes in far away location.

  • A team should be earmarked to carryout the separation of wastes depending upon the nature of the waste.

  • Water waste should be filtered and recycled before disposing it into a drainage . Such water should never be permitted to be disposed off by connecting the drainage into nearby river.

  • Materials which cannot be used should be burnt and destroyed.

  • All medical wastes should be burnt beyond recognition.

  • All nuclear wastes are to be disposed off very safely into the sea as per the orders recommended by experts in nuclear theory


Disposal of waste management in our country is very essential because of its thick population. As we care for our health, we should care to dispose our wastes properly to live in a clean and healthy environment.


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