Role of SAARC in South Asia

The regional organization role has been increased in this globalization time. The interdependence of nations has been increased. SAARC is the world’s biggest organization in term of population .it has 22 percent of total population.

In December 1985 SAARC (The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation) first summit was held in Dhaka .chief of seven South Asian countries were present when SAARC was established. The nations are- India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Maldives. This is the starting of regional help in world politics. On establishment day of SAARC south Asian leaders’ speeches was based on regional help and reduce of tension between nations. Afghanistan is the eighth member of SAARC.
South Asia is the important area in terms of International peace, security, economics, and resources. One fourth of total population of world live in this area, in this area natural resources and water resources are huge. The probability of development is very much. With this area is also famous in world for poorness, unemployment, terrorism and political disturbance.

Role of SAARC

The regional organization role has been increased in this globalization time. The interdependence of nations has been increased.SAARC is the world’s biggest organization in term of has 22 percent of total population. If SAARC member help each of its member country economically then poverty and illiteracy can easily be reduce. SAARC members have to take example, how European Union and ASEAN are succeeding in its goal. Now it is clear that economic development will take place when globalization and regional help take part in this. In SAARC summit 2009 which was held in Islamabad it was decided that till 2012 South Asia Free Trade Area (SAFTA) will take place. But there is no more progress yet. Small nation are worried about that SAFTA will help only big nations. But it is not true. Sri Lanka export to India has been increased 135 percent per year. If we compare it in terms of India is only 32 percent. India trade to Bangladesh and Pakistan is not increased due to many regions.
Main problems in the way of SAARC -
SAARC was established before 26 years. On the time of its establishment SAARC is facing many problems. The relationship of India and Pakistan has especially affected the way of SAARC. The main problems in the way of SAARC are-

Tension between India and Pakistan

The relation ship of India and Pakistan were never good. The problem of Kashmir is as a volcano which always disturbs the progress of both nations.

interference of superpowers

Some developed nations always interrupting the SAARC nations. Especially china and America are responsible in the relationship of India and Pakistan. Now China is giving special attention in the terms of good relationship with SAARC nations. It is good for future.

Political Disturbance

The SAARC nations are politically disturbed. The democracy in Pakistan is not established yet. Nepal, Afghanistan, Bangladesh also politically disturbed. India is also disturbed due to terrorism. Political disturbance always affected the SAARC. Due to this SAARC nations have no more faith with each other.


The most important problem in the way of SAARC is terrorism. The all member nations of SAARC are affected with terrorism. World communities have worried about that if the nuclear weapons be used by terrorist then what will happen.

Probability of development

SAARC has great probability of development. This area has great capacity to generate hydro power. Nepal and Bhutan can do more in this area. SAARC nations have to think about open the ancient silk root. If this root will open, the economic development will increase. Geographically connected nations have to link with road. Asian Development Bank has made a transport blue print for SAARC, in this between Colombo and Chennai train root, between Nepal and Bhutan air root and between Lahore and Agartala bus root has been planed. These types of planning have to be executed.


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