Armed Forces – A Challenging Career In India


Are you looking for a challenging career in India that would take you to exotic places across the world? Are you wondering if a job in the Indian Armed forces is an appropriate choice for you? What sorts of employment and benefits in Armed Forces as a career option? How to apply for jobs in Indian Armed Forces? No matter what kind of work you are interested to relish, the Armed forces have the right job for you. This write-up absolutely assists you to make a plan, prepare for and get-go.

In a military camp or a classroom of warfare learning, a group of men with green wardrobe, crewcuts, and sterling silver numbered tags strapped to their shirts calls up each other by numbers. We perhaps watch movies with heroes as military men and their army lifestyle as in "Lakshya" or something else exploring the great presence of army men. Beyond these distinct traits, a unique feature of the profession in the Armed Forces has been definitely an adventurous, noble and challenging career in India. Of course, the aspiring personnel for a career in Armed Forces needs to be qualified with traits of knowledge, alertness, courage, cooperation, physical and mental fitness endurance, group planning, resoluteness, etc. The jobs in Indian Armed Forces must be quite a challenging one unlike other civilian chores. Those who opt to these services ought to have a firm mindset since joining any of the services of armed forces then they are required to stay in their jobs unless the retirement period or stipulated time. But the journey from civilian to soldier begins with serviceable attitude to the nation. The uniform, maybe olive green or blue or royal navy brings in the challenges that one hasn't thought of and one has never expected spiritual and material rewards. Armed Forces as a career option do have something for everyone, women/men, single/married, or out of high school/college.

Indian Armed Forces – A glimpse


To be a part of the 14-lakh-strong elite Indian Armed Forces has, indeed, become a goal for many young men and women as well since eligible women candidates have been currently enrolled into the military services. In addition to the general recruitment, around 1.5 lakh applications have been received for the entrance examination conducted by the National Defence Academy (NDA), according to the reports from the Additional Directorate and Recruiting of Indian Armed Forces. Every year, a large number of engineers are recruited to the three wings of defence, namely army, navy, and air force. The Indian Armed Forces idealizes nationalism, service, sacrifice, and our nation's complex heritage. The enlistment to serve through the Armed Forces is done voluntarily. Every Indian citizen is ennobled to be recruited into the Armed Forces regardless of class, caste, religion and community provided that s/he fulfills the educational, physical and medical criteria assigned for appointment.

The Indian Armed Forces, one among the world's largest military services, is consisting of three wings, Army, Navy, and Air Force backed up by the services of paramilitary forces such as the Coast Guard, Assam Rifles, and Special Frontier Force as well. Different inter-service organizations namely Strategic Forces Command also participates as a supportive service to ease the armed forces functioning. With the President of India being the head, the Indian Armed Forces (IAF) is being governed by the Ministry of Defense under the Union Cabinet Minister of Defense. The two main streams of Indian Armed Forces have been the Fighting Forces and the Supporting Services. The armed corps, artillery, signals, engineering and the infantry in all three wings are classified under the fighting forces whereas the supporting services comprises of electronics and mechanical engineering, ordinance corps, medical corps, intelligence and education. The IAF has been grouped into various commands on the basis of its region-wise operations. For administrative purposes, the Indian Army has been fragmented into seven commands tactically each commanded by a separate Lieutenant General. Corps, Division and Brigade are the major field divisions that have been commanded by a Lieutenant General, Major General and Brigadier respectively. In addition to the warfare and external security, the army plays active role at the time of natural calamities and conflicting insurgence too. Divided as five operational and two functional commands, each command of the Indian Air Force is led by an Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank being Air Marshal. A separate Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief ranking Vice Admiral is in charge for each three commands of the Indian Navy. The Strategic Forces Command and the Andaman and Nicobar Command are jointly managed by the head belonging to any of the three IAF services.

Options of services in the Armed Forces


The services in the defense have been mainly categorized into two schemes such as short service commission (SSC) the duration of which has been five-seven years and permanent commission (PC) until the retirement period. On certain events, candidates assigned for short service commission can extend or transition to permanent commission type of service at a later stage if they desire fulfilling the requirements of PC performing chores satisfactorily. Lately, women candidates also have been recruited to all three wings, i.e., army, navy and air force.

In response to career related informations and to explore job opportunities with Indian armed forces, following is the list of web sites:
Indian Air force: http://careerairforce.nic.in
Indian Navy: http://nausena-bharti.nic.in
Indian Army: http://joinindianarmy.nic.in

Opportunities or recruitments through various schemes into the Indian Armed Forces


The career opportunities involved in the national defense service are tremendous. The below-found listing portrays various schemes of recruitment.

  • An aspirant for an officer category in IAF is required to qualify through a competitive recruitment process with basic eligibility being HSC (10+2) stream. The candidate should be enlisted to join National Defence Academy located in Pune for further education and training.
  • For direct recruitment, the Union Public Service Commission conducts CDSE exam and interview through which selection has been made and graduation is mandatory for this.
  • Final year engineering candidates are also eligible under the University Entry Scheme for various technical and non-technical jobs.
  • The recruitment of women into the IAF under Women's Special Entry scheme with the qualification being graduation/post-graduation has been the limelight, of late. Through interview and complete physical fitness assessment, these women officers have been selected for various technical and nontechnical branches.
  • University graduates with NCC certificate are also eligible and employed in the Navy and Air Force as Regular Commissioned Officers and as Short Service Commission Officers in the Army. However, they need to possess minimum 'B' grading in the NCC certificate and 50% marks in graduation. They need not appear for the CDSE examination by the UPSC, but selection is made through the Service Selection Board (SSB).
  • Through a Short Service Commission (Technical) Entry Scheme, technical graduates have also been inducted for a 10-month program at the Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai. They are qualified through the SSBs and medical tests. After completing their training at the Chennai OTA center, these candidates are appointed as Short Service Commissioned Officers in the technical divisions of the Army.
  • Successful medical graduates from the Armed Forces Medical College situated at Pune have been straight away appointed as Permanent Commissioned Medical Officers in the Armed Forces. The graduates and post-graduates from other medical colleges are inducted as Regular Commissioned/Short Service Commissioned Medical Officers by the Director General of the Armed Forces Medical Services through an all India competitive examination.
  • Under the 10+2 technical entry scheme, through SSB selection process, 10+2 qualified aspirants are recruited for military and engineering training at IMA and the College of Military Engineering in Pune. To fill up the vacuum of officers in technical Arms/Services this scheme has been envisaged. They need to undergo military training for six months initially followed by military education in Engineering for four years.
  • In addition, the Central Airmen Selection Board at the Air Force Station in New Delhi recruits Airmen (Other Ranks) namely OR to the Indian Air Force through 13 selection points established under this Board.
  • A novel system of recruitment known as Open Recruitment Rallies has been instituted since 1998. Under the above revised scheme, soldiers for army are selected through a rally to mobilize men for army that has been held every month in the regions clubbing together the districts under those regions. These rallies have been organized to provide an opportunity to all to enroll in the Army. The rallies have been planned well in advance to make them aware of the enrollment through advertisement in local newspapers, channels, and hoarding in their domicile, etc.
  • A strategic creation of Support Cadre of Special Commissioned Officers with strength of 6,000 officers has been sanctioned by the government. Under this scheme, JCOs/ NCOs/OR in service with a qualification of Army Senior School Certificate Pass (Class XI CBSE Pattern) and age group of 30-35 years will be recruited through Service Selection Board (SSB) and a Medical Board.


Following are the entry paths for recruitment at different levels into the three wings of Indian Armed Forces:



Candidates from HSC 10+2 stream with physics and mathematics


Army
PC: 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme
National Defence Academy (NDA) with age limit 16-1/2-19 years
Indian Military Academy (IMA) with age limit 16½-19½ years

Navy
PC: Executive Branch
Cadet Entry National Defence Academy (NDA) with age limit 16½-19 years
Cadet Entry Naval Academy with age limit 16½-19 years
PC: Engineering Branch: Marine; Electrical (10+2 Technical)
Cadet Entry (NDA) with age limit 16½-19 years
PC: Engineering Branch: Marine; Naval Architects; Electrical (10+2 Technical)
Cadet Entry with age limit 16½-19 years

Air Force
PC: Flying Branch
National Defence Academy (NDA) with age limit 16½-19 years

University graduates with NCC 'C' certificate


Army
National Cadet Corps (NCC) Special Entry, Officers Training Academy (OTA), 2 years service in NCC Senior Division Army with 'C' Certificate and graduation) with age limit 19-25 years

Navy
NCC Special Entry, Naval Academy, Naval Wing Senior division NCC 'C' Certificate and graduation with age limit 19-24 years

Air Force
PC: Flying Branch
NCC Special Entry, Senior Division Air Wing NCC 'C' Certificate and graduation with age limit 19-23 years

Aspirants with graduation


Army
Indian Military Academy (DE) with age limit 19-24 years
SSC (NT) (Men) Officers Training Academy (OTA) with age limit 19-25 years
SSC (NT/SP) (Women) Officers Training Academy (OTA) with age limit 19-25 years

Navy
Graduate Special Entry Scheme
Naval Academy, Combined Defence Services Exam PC: Executive Branch with age limit 19-22 years
Logistic Cadre, PC: Executive Branch with age limit 19 ½-25 years
SSC: ATC (Air Traffic Control)*; Hydro Cadre; General Service; Logistic Cadre* with age limit 19 ½-25 years, Pilot Cadre; Observer Cadre* with age limit 19-23 years

Air Force
Combined Defence Services Exam, PC: Flying Branch with age limit 19-23 years
SSC, Flying Branch with age limit 19-23 years
PC/SSC for Men & SSC for Women: Ground Duty Branches: Administration; Logistics; Accounts with age limit 20-23 years

Aspirants with post-graduation


Army
Technical Graduate Course (TGC) (EDN) AEC with age limit 23-27 years

Navy
PC: Education Branch with age limit 21-25 years
SSC: Education Branch with age limit 21-25 years

Air Force
PC/SSC for Men & SSC for Women: Ground Duty Branches: Education and age limit 20-25 (20-26 for MEd/PhD), Ground Duty Branch: Accounts with age limit 20-25 (20-26 for CA/ICWA)
PC/SSC for Men & SSC for Women: Ground Duty Branches: Meteorology with age limit 20-25, Ground Duty Branches: Logistics, Administration with age limit 20-25 (20-26 for law graduates)

Professional with engineering, Law, etc.


Army
Judge Advocate General (JAG), Officers Training Academy (OTA) with age limit 21-27 years
University Entry Scheme (UES) Indian Military Academy (IMA) with age limit 19-25 years (18-24 for pre-final)
TGC (Engineer), Indian Military Academy (IMA) with age limit 20-27 years
SSC (T) (Men), Indian Military Academy (IMA) with age limit 20-27 years
SSC (T) (Women), Officers Training Academy (OTA) with age limit 20-27 years

Navy
Naval Armament Inspection Cadre, PC: Executive Branch with age limit 19 ½-25 years
Law Cadre, PC: Executive Branch with age limit 22-27 years
Law Cadre*, SSC: Executive Branch with age limit 22-27 years
SSC: Engineering Branch (Marine): General Service; Submarine Cadre with age limit 19 ½ -25 years and University Entry Scheme (UES) with age limit 19-24 years
SSC: Engineering Branch (Naval Architects): General Service with age limit 19-25 years, Naval Architecture Cadre with age limit 19-24 under University Entry Scheme
SSC: Electrical Branch: General Service; Submarine Cadre with age limit 19 ½ -25 years and University Entry Scheme with age limit 19-24 years

Air Force
Aeronautical Engineer (Electronics), PC/SSC for Men & SSC for Women: Technical Branch with age limit 18-28 years
Aeronautical Engineer (Mechanical), PC/SSC for Men & SSC for Women: Technical
Branch with age limit 18-28 years
University Entry Scheme, PC/SSC for Men & SSC for Women: Technical Branch with age limit 18-28 years

Air man


Through a scheme of Airman Cadre candidates from technical and nontechnical trades are recruited as Airman at the Air Force Stations. Male aspirants with matriculation or below, 10+2/Intermediate, graduates, diploma holders and postgraduates are eligible for three combatant groups namely 'X', 'Y' and 'Z' of the technical and the non-technical trades. The lowest rank has been 'Aircrafts men' (AC) and the highest being 'Master Warrant Officer' (MWO) and they are shortlisted after the preliminary selection process. However, they are required to go through a stringent training regimen at any of the training institutes and will be employed as Airmen at any of the Air Force Stations.

The technical traders are radio fitter, missile fitter (E), missile fitter (L), missile fitter (M), workshop fitter (B), workshop fitter (C), instrument fitter, electrical fitter, airframe fitter, plant maintenance fitter (E), plant maintenance fitter (M), and weapon fitter categorized under Combatant X and photo technician, safety equipment worker, machinist, mechanical transport technician, air defence system operator, and radio technician under 'Y' Combatant.

Non-technical Trades include educational instructor under Combatant X, ground training instructor, meteorological assistants, air field safety operator, telephonist/radio/telephone operator, Indian Air Force Police clerk general duties, equipment assistant, clerk pay accounting, medical assistants, mechanical transport drivers, aircraft hands general duties, catering assistant under Combatant Y and musicians under 'Z'.

Application details



National Defence Academy


Commencement of the course: Each year January and July
Educational qualification: HSC 10+2 system of education or equivalent
Age at the time of joining: 16-1/2-19 years
Mode of selection: NDA exam by UPSC and SSB interview
How to Apply: Apply in response to advertisement in March/April & October/November

Indian Military Academy


Direct entry
Commencement of course: Each year January and July
Educational qualification: Degree or equivalent
Age at the time of joining: 19-24 years
Mode of selection: Combined Defence Service Exam (CDSE) conducted by UPSC and SSB interview
How to Apply: Apply in response to advertisement in March/April & October/November

Engineering Graduates


Commencement of course: Each year January and July
Educational qualification: Engineering degree in the specified discipline
Age at the time of joining: 20-27 years
Mode of selection: Direct SSB interview
How to Apply: Apply in response to advertisement in March/April & October/November as follows
Addl. Directorate General of Recruiting (TGC),
Army HQ, West Block III, RK Puram, New Delhi - 110066

University Entry Scheme


Commencement of Course: Each year July
Educational qualification: Final and pre-final year students of an engineering degree course
Age at the time of joining: 19-25 years (final year engineering students) 18-24 years (pre-final year engineering students)
Mode of selection: Campus interview and SSB interview
How to Apply: Apply in response to advertisement in July

10+2 Tech (PCM)


Commencement of Course: Each year January and July
Educational qualification: 10+2 Pass with aggregate
Age at the time of joining: 16-1/2-19-1/2 years
Mode of selection: Apply directly to the Recruitment Directorate
How to Apply: May and November

Competitive examinations conducted for entry



National Defence Academy


The National Defence Academy with the topnotch infrastructure imparts professional army training for the country. Prior to be accredited as a cadet officer, NDA trains the candidate to enhance his graduation and cadet skills and he gets ready for the conclusive part of three-year training at the Indian Military Academy in Dehradun. The training at the Indian Military Academy (IMA) brings about a complete transformation of the civilians into dynamic, courageous, and skillful young officers. The National Defence Academy cadets from Pune, the Army Cadet College cadets (for servicemen only), the Graduate Direct Entry from the technical institutions/colleges are the institutions schemed under the IMA at present.

The examination to select the aspirants for NDA entry has been conducted by UPSC in the month of April and September for which notification is being issued in the Employment News in November and April respectively.

Entry requirements
Army wing of National Defence Academy: XII Class pass (10 +2 pattern of school education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University)
Naval and Air Force wings of National Defence Academy: XII Class pass (10+2 pattern of school education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University)

Pattern of examination
The subjects for written examination consist of two papers, Mathematics and General Ability carrying 300 and 600 marks respectively. The pattern is of objective type multiple choice questions and question papers will be in English. The examination is of duration of 2-1/2 hours for each paper. The questions in Mathematics include arithmetic, mensuration, algebra, geometry, trigonometry and statistics. The General Ability paper comprises of two divisions as part A and B. Part A is about English with maximum marks being 200 and part B of general knowledge with the max being 400. The GK paper is mainly inclusive of physics, chemistry, general science, social studies, geography and current events.

Interview
Apart from the interview, candidates are selected on the basis of the analysis with the intelligence test (verbal and non-verbal), group tests (group discussions, group planning, out-door group tasks) and brief speech on particular subject.

Training
The selected aspirants for the three wings need to undergo preliminary training for three years academically and physically at the NDA, an inter-service institution of Indian Armed Forces. The training period for the first two and a half years is supposed to be common for the cadets of three services. After completing this two and a half year training, Army cadets go to the Indian Military Academy in Dehra Dun, Naval Cadets to the Cadets Training ship and Air Force cadets to AFA, Hyderabad or BFTS, Allahabad. Certificates will be awarded in Bachelor's degree by the Jawaharlal Nehru University located in Delhi at the end of the training and education.

Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE)


The UPSC organizes the CDSE examination to pick out candidates for IAF in May and October and the notification will be issued in the Employment News in November and April respectively similar to NDA selection.

Entry requirements

Educational qualifications:
For IMA and Officers Training Academy: Recognized university degree or equivalent.
For Naval Academy: B.Sc. with Physics and Mathematics.
For Air Force Academy: Recognized university degree or equivalent with physics and Mathematics. Candidates with subjects other than physics and/or mathematics have been also entitled provided they should have passed HSC or XII exam (10+2 stream or equivalent) with Mathematics and Physics as their subjects in HSC.

Age limit:
Indian Military Academy: Unmarried male with age 18-23 years
Naval Academy: Unmarried male with age 18-21 years
Air force Academy: Unmarried male with 18-22 years
Officers Training Academy: Male (married or bachelor) with age 18-24 years

Pattern of examination
The pattern consists of written exam and an interview as in the case of NDA competitive exam.

Written examination
For selection to Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy and Air Force Academy, curriculum consist of three papers, English, GK, and elementary mathematics duration of which is two hours with maximum marks being 100 for each subject.

For entry to Officers Training Academy, subjects include English and general knowledge with two 2 hours of duration and maximum marks of 100 for each subject. After completing the written exam interview will be conducted with the intelligence test (verbal and non-verbal), group discussions, group planning, out-door group tasks and brief lectures on the subjects.

Career prospects and monetary benefits


It is well-grounded that the private sectors have been shaken with a host of issues like economic recession, spate of layoffs, sense of insecurity and distrust and so on. Secured career seems to be of more importance than fat pay-outs by the MNC giants. Career prospects in the armed forces are virtually unlimited. It has been acclaimed that Armed Forces personnel are given pay slips not pink slips and this is the high time to make up a career in the Armed Forces with the sixth commission shooting up the paychecks as a remunerative career. As per the Sixth Commission recommendations, an Officer Cadet now is rewarded as a stipend of Rs 21,000 as against of Rs 8,000 prior to the Sixth Pay Commission. The basic pay of Officers for each of the wings has risen by 40%, it is mentioned. The earnings of a Lieutenant in the Army or a Sub Lieutenant in the Navy or a Flying Officer in the Air Force would be approximately Rs 35,000 and if allowances to be added this figure would rise up to Rs 45,000. In addition to this pay, they also enjoy materialistic benefits such as free accommodation, housing and car loans at lower interest rates, medical facilities, children's education, insurance coverage, post-retirement benefits, etc.

Not that just, the Armed Forces in India impart the finest education (lateral education) to their men who serve the country broadening of their horizons. If one has the aptitude and attitude s/he could get into research and development. Apart from this, officers have been awarded certificates for completing their academics such as Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), BSc in Computer Science and bachelor of Engineering by the JNU. Providing B.Tech degree training to naval officers is under process and officers are eligible to apply for higher studies in India and abroad with a two-year paid leave, in addition.

The earnest attempt to give the best rewarding has been that outgoing officers are given the choice to enhance their qualifications and skill sets. Tie-ups with the leading B-Schools like IIM, Management Development Institute (MDI), and so on by the Directorate General Resettlement (DGR) of Ministry of Defence enable the retiring officers both in SSC and PC to be fit for the private sector by promoting their managerial skills. A trip for 'Bharat Darshan' for a long 20 years inclusive of all expenses borne by the Armed Forces just seems to be an endeavor for their service to the nation. However, it is the least/not known at all that the Armed Forces do provide opportunities to go to the Arctic, sailing, mountaineering to touch the Everest heights, and traveling across the world and on peace-keeping missions too.

Yet, life in the armed forces makes you to face up difficult situations/challenges, succor/battle with life and death, be aloof of social circles, hometown, family, etc. A career in the Indian armed forces is entirely different from other career options. Simply not a job, but certain attributes of patriotism and traits of service, it involves. If you would be able to lead Spartan life then armed forces is an opt direction. An inscription in the Indian Military Academy's Chetwood Hall exhibits, "The safety, honor and welfare of your country comes first, always and every time. The honor, welfare and comfort of the men you command, come next. Your own ease, comfort and safety comes last, always and every time." This in fact embodies the selfless service for the nation and its citizens by the army men that they are trained to keep abreast forever.

Alongside, living a life full of adventures with multitude fitness regimen keeping the mind and body fit always, a challenging career in India in Armed Forces offers a sense of privileged, honorable and respectful lifestyle. And above all, a feel of satisfaction, I would better opt the term 'fulfillment' comes out of the passion for serving our nation.


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Comments

Guest Author: harshita joshi26 Aug 2012

the information provided above is absolutely satisfiying and helpfull....please keep posting such articles and keep enhancing our knowledge as it creates interest and bring us more closure to the armed forces...



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