Final year project options in Mechanical Engineering

This resource helps you to decide on a final year project in Mechanical Engineering. It gives you tips and guidelines that are more important to consider while selecting any final year project topic. This article also explains prerequisites before the commencement of any project in final year mechanical engineering.

Each engineering branch has its curriculum and based on which each final year student has to do project work on a specific topic. One can choose the topic of project work by oneself or by choice of teacher or supervisor/guide. Normally it is good if the topic is chosen based on keeping one's interest and its importance and significance for future job scope. There are numerous different topics available in mechanical engineering based on many specializations in this branch.

Importance of final year project topic

The topic of final year engineering projects usually decides one's area of interest. The whole year he/she has to deal with that special topic to finish the project on time and with sufficient outcome. One needs to concentrate more on the project and has to deal with it completely throughout the year. Once you decide topic based on your interest, the topic itself decides the area of specialization. Mechanical Engineering has many specializations that include Thermal Engineering, Machine Design, Manufacturing Engineering, Industrial Engineering and much more.

Thermal Engineering projects

Thermal projects cover the use of various subjects like thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer, refrigeration and air conditioning, process equipment as different subjects. Projects in thermal engineering include topics related to the thermodynamic analysis of any process devices like heat exchanger, boiler, evaporator, condenser and many more. Heat and mass transfer subject covers the calculation of heat and energy transfer in devices like boiler, heat exchange and process equipment to help in thermal design and analysis of it. The ultimate aim of any thermal project is to evaluate the thermal performance in terms of thermal efficiency, effectiveness or coefficient of performance.

Sample project topics in Thermal Engineering are:
  • Thermal analysis and design of shell and heat type heat exchanger
  • Thermal design and analysis of boiler and related accessories
  • Thermodynamic analysis of refrigeration system including all parts
  • Thermal analysis of air conditioner to decide its COP
  • Thermal design of domestic refrigerator to improve the performance

Machine design projects

Mechanical Engineering has machine design as one of the specializations which deal with design or creation of new needs/machine/machine component. Sometimes design procedure covers modification of existing machine/machine elements to improve the design. The main aim of any machine design project is to find out the probable lacking in an existing machine, evaluating its overall structure capability, improvement in it and dealing with innovative ideas to take maximum advantages of it via usage.

Many different types of machine design projects can be chosen, like-
  • Design of connecting rod of petrol engine with 100 cc capacity
  • Design of flywheel for punching machine
  • Design improvement for existing drilling machine
  • Design of pressure vessel for chemical industry

Manufacturing projects

Manufacturing deals with making, fabricating and joining of metal, non-metals parts to help in constructing machine and its elements/parts. Manufacturing includes welding process, hot working, cold working, soldering, brazing, machining of components, casting, forging etc. The objective of these projects is to determine the suitability of manufacturing, adaptability, efficiency, and optimization of joint and study of the economic point of view.

Sample manufacturing projects involves-
  • Optimization of welding parameters
  • Optimization of machine process parameters
  • Drill geometry optimization
  • New methods in casting process

Industrial engineering projects

Industrial engineering involves industrial management, work study methods, motion studies, process planning control, Critical Path Method, PERT etc. This specialization includes managing industries and its related areas.

Sample projects in industrial engineering involve:
  • Motion and time study of existing industry process
  • CPM and PERT method to optimize profit of industry.

Multi specialization project topics in mechanical engineering

Some topics involve use of more than one specialization to complete that project, such as Design and fabrication of shell and tube heat exchanger which requires the use of machine design, heat transfer, thermodynamics, fabrication process. Design involves the thermal analysis of heat exchanger process in shell and tube type heat exchanger, fabrication involves making of shell and tube type heat exchanger based on size calculation done by the thermal design of it.


Guest Author: Austenitic ductile i18 May 2012

Girnaralloys is a leading Manufacturers & Exporters of Austenitic ductile iron castings, Machined castings India, Ni hard, Ni-hard, Ni resist, Ni-resist, Alloy Steel Castings Manufacturers in India.

Author: Muhammad Haris08 Mar 2013 Member Level: Gold   Points : 2

Very nice article by you sir. This article is really helpful. Actually my brother is doing Mechanical engineering and He is in last semester. He was in search of final project. Herein this article, I have fond so many option. I will tell him about your article.

Author: Manzoor Ellahi10 Mar 2013 Member Level: Bronze   Points : 2

very nice article by you sir. This article will really help those people, who are doing mechanical engineering. As I am Assistant manager in Mechanical Engineering, so I think so, you have mentioned very good final year project.

Guest Author: ronak patel14 Jul 2014

is there any casting related project for level student with new concept??

Guest Author: rajesh26 Aug 2014

hi, I am doing ME in cad/cam specialization and am currently looking for my thesis, I want to do it in rapid prototyping and design side, so please guide me what would be the best topics in this area. suggestions are welcome.

Author: Ajesh Kumar18 Sep 2014 Member Level: Gold   Points : 2

It is really a good article. It will particularly be useful for final year BTech Mechanical students. In fact, it is hard to find out topics of mechanical projects. This article would be a must see list, before one decides on final year project.

Guest Author: Ankit Thakur05 Jul 2015

Myself Ankit and I am interested in Thermal Engineering project for my final year. So I need your help. Kindly contact me.

Guest Author: NAYAN MANANI26 Jul 2015

Hello sir.
I'm studying in mechanical final year. I want help from your side to choose better project in energy sources or Manufacturing. So request you to guide me a good projects or help me to find best project for better experience.

Guest Author: dearsmith27 Feb 2016

Very nice article. This article is really helpful. I also want to write article for your site if you give me permission.

Author: Umesh20 May 2019 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 4

Selecting a project by an engineering student is a crucial and important part of the course and is instrumental in bringing the practical expertise and skill enhancement. The author has mentioned many good projects which can be undertaken by the students. I have some ideas and I can also add some projects in these areas and these are like - Introducing robotic methods in mechanical processes, Mechanical designing of drones, Developing improved remote control methods for control of mechanical processes, Designing of corrosion proof mechanical sensors or devices in chemical environment etc. It will be better if the students find out some new projects rather than the traditional ones to give a variety and novelty to their project.

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